Building a software isn’t as straightforward as it seems. Instead, it is more of an approach-oriented venture, specific to the current organizational requirements. While the developers enjoy a meatier role in the process, solution architects do have a different cross to bear. They are often found working in the hindsight— dealing with the software development and other associated cycles. However, every solution architect must live up to the designation and should be able to deal with the 10 pertinent issues, plaguing any software development cycle.
In this post, we will be addressing these 10 queries which are often asked to every solution architect in his or her journey towards the summit. If you are considering this as a career option, it is advisable to be well-versed with the nitty-gritty of this platform.
The Most ‘Innovative’ Solution
Every solution architect must have an innovative solution up his or her sleeve. While the end-result might vary from person to person, a non-obvious solution is something which actually caters well to the recruiting firms. Being a solution architect, he or she must be able to explain the basics of the development cycle and identify the actual problem that might be troubling the software. The idea here is to be innovative and even imaginative.
The safest bet for any solution architect would be to delve into the basics of authorization and authentication. Every solution needs to be secured and the architect must clearly mention the detailed password management scheme, in order to attract a recruitment firm’s attention. It is important for the company to know as how the solution architect actually approaches the overall security of the system. The answers might differ but the realm of security design must be clearly mentioned.
Protection against the Injection Attacks
While injection attacks have the ability to hamper any software ‘development’ cycle, the onus is on the solution architects to get hold of the best safety measures for the system. It starts with a discussion concerning the cross-site scripting or rather XSS. Next in line should be a detailed discussion on the SQL injection which actually is one of the raging topics for the recruiting firms.
Once the basics have been taken care of, solution architects must start discussing input screening and input cleaning for making the system more secured. Coming back to the SQL injection, it should clearly include conversations regarding stored procedures and even parameterized queries.
Diagnosing Performance Issues
Being a solution architect, it is imperative for him or her to talk about latencies in detail. To be precise, performance issues are predominant in a given system— often more than the security considerations. Therefore, it is advisable to check on the basics of CPU bottlenecks, disk compliance, memory issues and even the network skeletons— before moving on to the analysis.
Isolating bottlenecks is important and resolving them takes a lot of effort.
Segregating Tools for Communicating Architecture
It is highly important to analyze the existing architecture and to detail the same, using arrows, boxes and flowchart. For instance, if a solution architect is working on the desktop version of certain messaging applications, he or she must be capable enough to detail the communication and compliance with the android and iOS applications. Be it using showbox for PC or working along with WhatsApp web version, any solution architect must be able to represent the cohesion seamlessly— facilitating complete understanding.
Supporting Functional Analysts
Another aspect of solution architecture would be to work alongside the FAs or the functional analysts. The idea here is to co-operate and come up with the best strategy for the organization. Functional analysts handle the smaller requirements which are imperative to a given development cycle. Solution architects, being the technical leaders, must clarify the associated questions and should look to incorporate better teamwork.
Supporting Development Leads
Not just the FAs, but the Solution architects are responsible for handling the development leads and other resources. While the development occurs at the front end, the closer scrutiny of the associated software is carried on by the solution architects.
It is, therefore, important to have credentials which point towards an association with the development cycle.
Addressing Cache Coherency
Solution architects need to be wary of the cache coherency even if the approach varies with the individual. He or she must make the best use of in-memory caches, multi-server caches and even the SQL server database. To be clear, the SQL ‘server predictive caching’ is the part which maintains the cache within the concerned server and the architect must be aware of issues pertaining to the same.
Be it the lack of sync among cache objects across servers or other problems related to cache coherency, the solution architects must be ready and raring to go.
Scalability is the limit up to which a service or product can be extrapolated. Solution architects must be well versed with the horizontal and vertical scalability for widening the system under the radar. While the former brings in multiple servers, vertical scalability can be handled using increased resources within the given server.
Single-threaded structures are the ones which impair scalability by a considerable amount. Solution architects, therefore, must look to identify hyper-threaded structures which can handle scalability with ease.
Addressing Fault Tolerance
Single point errors need to be eliminated when the sessions are being switched to a new and preferred server. Solution architects must model the failures and test the simulated one, in order to keep up with the aspects of fault tolerance.
Solution architects seldom have it easy. Instead, they need to work on all the aspects of software development for helping an organization with the associated product. These 10 core-competencies are actually required for any prospective solution architect to grow.