2018 IoT Predictions (Part 1)
2018 IoT Predictions (Part 1)
There will be a greater focus on security, as this issue must be solved to address consumer concerns and accelerate adoption of IoT.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
Given how fast technology is changing, we thought it would be interesting to ask IT executives to share their thoughts on the biggest surprises in 2017 and their predictions for 2018.
Here's article one of two of what they told us about their predictions for IoT in 2018. We'll cover additional predictions for 2018 in a subsequent article.
IoT security will continue to dominate as a major concern, and I would expect the rise of several IoT-driven platforms to rise to the surface in an attempt to address and manage this.
With massive numbers of devices in IoT coming on networks, dealing with this proliferation by using a combination of hardware and software will be critical for realizing the benefits of interoperable IoT systems. We connect all aspects of the ecosystem so that the highest levels of unified value can be achieved.
Acceleration of consolidation — We will start to see an acceleration of consolidation. The number of IoT products and platforms is growing, as well as the number of security bodies, initiatives, and standards that are coming out. It is inevitable that we’ll begin to see consolidation of standard activities, particularly around IoT platforms, with over 300-400 platform products available now. As the market matures, there won’t be nearly as many products available as there are now.
Safety and security as one — As we look at the IoT, especially at OT-type environments and manufacturing plants, where there are industrial-type systems that are all connected, we’re starting to see how the operational world and the traditional IT world will come together. We will see continued merging of traditional safety (e.g. safety of employees) and IT security. And the more connected devices we see, the more prevalent this integration will become.
Focus on consumers — We will continue to see product manufacturers, particularly on the consumer side, with either no security or very poorly implemented security. Consumer awareness of security issues around the IoT will start to increase, but probably not enough to impact their buying behavior. Consumers are interested in the features and cost of the products, and security isn’t going to stop them buying products just yet, but we will see early signs. This awareness will be driven by news coverage of breaches, hacks, etc.
On the other hand, product manufacturers that chose to invest more in security (either consumer or enterprise), will learn that it’s harder than they might think. Encryption or a digital signature is easy, and anybody can find a piece of code to do that, but doing it well (protecting the key well and managing it well) is another story. There are not a lot of experts across the industry who know how to do it well.
We will continue to see even the well-intentioned people, that are trying to build in security, stumble, leaving vulnerabilities that can easily be exploited. But on a positive note, we’re going to see some of the smarter and more innovative companies move faster to use IoT as a competitive advantage. More aggressive companies will soon start to get out of the pilot phase and move away from just doing IoT in production.
Analytics tools — The exciting tools in IoT right now are the analytics tools that try to make sense of all the data and the visualization tools that try to bring the analysis to life. Vendors of these solutions are seeing their prospects and customers ask harder questions about data protection. We can definitely predict that questions will be asked to providers of these tools, as people begin to explore the next layer down and not just focus on how the product appears. It gets particularly “sticky” in the healthcare industry when we think about IoT devices and personal data.
My hope is that there will be some adopted regulations around IoT security and compliance, otherwise, there will undoubtedly be more frequent and massive attacks. The fully-connected home will move closer to being a reality, and there will be unique solutions that address actual needs instead of just being "internet-connected".
Organizations will look for/demand a return on their IoT investments. There are a lot of smart things - even a light bulb has an IP address behind it these days. Companies continued to invest in IoT initiatives in 2017, but 2018 will be the year where IoT monetization becomes critical. While it is a good start for enterprises to collect and store IoT data, what is more meaningful is understanding it, analyzing it and leveraging the insights to improve efficiency. Think saving energy, package route delivery optimization, faster pizza deliveries. The focus on location intelligence, predictive analytics, and streaming data analysis use cases will dramatically increase to drive a return on IoT investments.
With mobile dominating search, the next logical step would be to loop in ‘The Internet of Things.’ Marketers can use the technology to deliver their content to consumers through mobile devices. Expect to see more marketers using IoT in 2018.
It is still very early days for IoT and it is unknown who the big winners will be. Clearly, the large vendors mentioned above (IBM, ATT, HPE, Microsoft, Cisco) are all jockeying for position, trying to convince end users to work with them and buy what they sell. However, this is not an easy decision, because there are too many variables when trying to solve an IoT problem. Once an end user finds the right application(s) that are perfect for their IoT environment, the next step is to build the infrastructure around it. Because there are so many options and very little standardization on the app front, end users are looking for help to figure this all out. The winners in 2018 will be the IT services companies that truly can understand the full picture for each customer and make recommendations that aren’t influenced by one particular vendor's products. The most likely winners are large IT consultants like Accenture, Deloitte or Infosys, or integrators like CDW, Dimension Data, and Presidio. As the market matures, and there is increased consolidation or standardization on the application front, it’ll be easier for end users to navigate their way. For now, many businesses will need advice from independent third parties.
Automated IoT Attacks and More Clarity Around Voice Data — With more connected devices come more machine learning-based attacks as vectors into the home and businesses. In 2018 we’ll see increased regulation around internet-connected devices to better control the growing number of intelligent and automated attacks. With companies increasingly using IoT and AI in services like customer support, we’ll also see renewed regulatory discussions on how to best develop policies around consumer (and children’s) voice data and ensuring compliance before collecting it.
The momentum of new IoT devices entering the market, alongside the growing consumer awareness and desire for smart home devices will continue and gain speed in 2018. The focus on smart home growth has primarily been on entertainment or security. As these devices are entering more homes, renters and homeowners will start to grow their systems by adding other smart home features, such as lighting and temperature control. New types of services leveraging smart home products will arise, as we see increased interest from stakeholders like insurance companies, who are combining the benefits of smart home-enabled safety and security with their existing services.
One of the barriers to smart home adoption has been Z-Wave SmartStart is a new function that will support smart home growth in 2018 by simplifying device installation, for both consumers and installers. For professional installers and service providers, SmartStart devices can be preconfigured at a distribution center and only need to be powered on and mounted to work in the home system, reducing installation time and errors. For consumers, Z-Wave SmartStart standardizes the installation process using a QR code scan, so devices are ready to work after being scanned and powered on.
New device functionality and use cases will be enabled through new, more robust smart home IoT connectivity features. For example, more sensors in the home will contribute to increased data collection about home conditions, which can be leveraged for home energy management, safety, and growing insurance programs and aging in place monitoring. And, advancements in battery life and low-power connectivity will make sensors last longer to introduce new use-cases, where sensors can be more deeply integrated into a home’s infrastructure resulting in not just smart, but more intelligent homes.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.