4 Test Data Management Techniques That Empower Software Testing
4 Test Data Management Techniques That Empower Software Testing
Test data management is critical, as it helps collate the required datasets for building the required test environment and boost software quality assurance.
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Online gaming applications get launched with variations and modifications to attract gaming enthusiasts. Every gaming application or software launch is backed by rigorous software testing and quality assurance. However, when versions are checked, it is highly critical for teams to look at earlier testing data and make amends or upgrades on the basis of that test data. Test data management (TDM) is highly critical during the testing lifecycle when the required data sets are needed for assessing the application under test (AUT).
The quantum of data generated while testing an application is massive; hence, TDM helps minimize the time spent on processing the data and generates reports that add value to the overall application/software. It also enables integrated sensitive data discovery, business classification, and policy-driven data masking for de-identification and effective implementation of production data within the development ecosystem.
TDM is not only deployed on premises but can also be implemented on the cloud or via any hybrid cloud configuration. Some of the key aspects of TDM are identifying common test data elements, masking and archiving test data, prioritizing and allocating test data, generating reports and dashboards, establishing business rules, developing automation suite for master data preparation, and, eventually, creating versions of old data.
Some enterprises are even setting up centralized test data management teams to effectively procure test data in time and cater to the needs of the developers and testers. This way, they would streamline the overall test data process by acquiring, securing and facilitating the test data for ensuring speed and quality of the application.
Let us have a look at four key TDM techniques that empower software testing.
- Exploring the test data.
- Validating your test data.
- Building test data for reusability.
- Automating TDM tasks to accelerate the process.
Exploring the Test Data
Data can be present in diverse forms and different formats that can be spread across multiple systems, as well. The respective teams need to search for the right datasets on the basis of their requirements and the test cases. Locating the right data in the required format and within the time constraints is absolutely critical. This intensifies the need for a robust test management tool that can deal with end-to-end business requirements for testing an application.
It is evident that manually locating data and retrieving it is a tedious task and might bring down the efficiency of the process. Hence, it is important to bring into play a test data management solution that ensures effective coverage analysis and data visualization. Exploring the datasets and analyzing them further is absolutely critical, which helps establish an effective test data management approach.
Validating Your Test Data
In the current scenario, where organizations are implementing Agile methodologies, data can be sourced even from actual users. This data mostly comes via the application, which is followed as a practice for generating and exploring test data that gets leveraged for conducting test cases by QA teams. Hence, the test data must be protected against any breach in the development process, where sensitive personal data such as names, addresses, financial information, and contact details must not get exposed.
This test data can be further simulated to generate a real environment, which can further influence the end results. Real data is necessary for testing applications, which is sourced from production databases and later masked for safeguarding the data. It is critical that the test data is validated and the resulting test cases give a real picture of the production environment when the application goes live.
Eventually, the test data will determine where the application breaks in the actual (real world) set-up.
Building Test Data for Reusability
Reusability is key to ensuring cost-effectiveness and maximizing the testing efforts. Test data must be built and segmented to make it more and more reusable. It should be accessible from a central repository and the objective should be to use it as much as possible and optimize the value of work that has been done.
By making the data reusable, the bottlenecks and issues within the data are removed and it is fully versioned. Ultimately, no time is wasted in resolving any unseen issues with the data. Datasets get stored as reusable assets in the central repository and are provided to the respective teams for further use and validation. In this way, the test data is available for building test cases within no time and at ease.
Automation Can Accelerate the Process
Test data management entails scripting, data masking, data generation, cloning, and provisioning. Automation of all these activities can prove to be absolutely effective. It will not only accelerate the process but also make it much more efficient.
During the data management process, test data gets linked to a specific test that can be fed into an automation tool that ensures that the data is provided in the expected format whenever required. Automating the process ensures the quality of the test data during the development and testing process.
Similar to regression testing or any kind of recurring tests, even production of test data can be automated. It helps in replicating massive traffic and number of users for an application to create a production scenario for testing. It helps save time in the longer run, reduces efforts, and helps expose any error with the data on an ongoing basis. Ultimately, the QA team would be in a better position to streamline and validate its test data management efforts.
Data is an enabler for any and every industry today. It helps in estimating not only the expected but also some unexpected factors. Test data management is critical, as it helps collate the required datasets for building the required test environment and boost software quality assurance. It is critical for testing an application's functionality, performance, security, and every aspect that is important for ensuring the desired customer experience.
Published at DZone with permission of Hiren Tanna , DZone MVB. See the original article here.
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