5 Top Programming Languages For Your Android App Development Project
If you're looking to develop an Android app, you may want to make use of JAVA, Kotlin, C++, C#, or Lua to give your app the best chance at success.
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Stop and think how many times you use an app in a day. Several times, isn't it? A survey conducted by "dscout" found that average smartphone users touch their phone 2,617 times a day and spend an average of 145 minutes per day on their mobile phones.
In fact, there is probably an app waiting to be discovered in your app store for every possible human need. So it comes as no surprise that the demand for mobile apps has steadily increased since the smartphone was invented.
No human doubts the future of mobile application development and mobile programming languages. Gone are the days when companies could ignore mobile users! Entrepreneurs leave no stone unturned for their apps to reach the top of downloads and achieve success. Having crossed a milestone, if your company is not mobile app-ready, then my friend: you are in trouble today!
Wondering how you will get out of this? It's not difficult; you have to make some right decisions like choosing the right programming language, hiring developers from a reliable Android app development company, and coming up with a unique app idea.
In this blog, we will discuss the top programming languages for your dream android app development.
JAVA is seen as the official Android development programming language. With built-in open-source libraries available for users to choose from, JAVA is easy to handle and offers the best documentation and community support. Its vibrant spectrum of features gives the freedom of developing the best cross-platform apps, Android apps, games, server apps, embedded space, websites, and more.
Consequently, JAVA is also the most widely used language. Many of the Play Store applications are built with JAVA, and it is also the most supported language by Google. JAVA also comes with a great online community for support if any problems arise. (And trust me, there will be problems!)
However, JAVA is a complicated language for a beginner to use as it contains complex topics like constructors, null pointer exceptions, concurrency, flagged exceptions, etc. Additionally, the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) takes complexity to a new level.
Overall, JAVA is a great language to experience all the joys of Android application development.
JAVA at a Glance
Pros of JAVA:
- Popular for code reuse and portability
- JAVA codes can run in multiple environments
- Protects developers against problems inherent to native code, memory leaks, etc.
- Flexible, platform-independent, versatile, and portable programming language
- Explicit interface, simplified language, and machine-independent
Cons of JAVA:
- Some errors can occur when running JAVA on a virtual machine — JVM
- Misspelled class libraries and complex syntax in some cases
- Complex deployments due to low garbage collection
Said to be the advanced version of Java, Kotlin is a statistically-written programming language used to develop modern Android applications. Kotlin is also considered to be the best language for applications. Kotlin has the potential to influence other programming languages like JAVA to create robust and high-performance applications. Some popular apps built into Kotlin are Coursera, Trello, Evernote, and many more.
Kotlin was introduced as an alternative to the Java language in 2017. This is why Kotlin can interoperate with Java and run in JVMs.
The only significant difference between Java and Kotlin is that Kotlin removes superfluous Java features, such as null pointer exceptions. Simply put, from the coders' point of view, Kotlin is much easier for beginners to test compared to Java and can also be used as an "entry point" for Android application development.
Kotlin at a Glance
Pros of Kotlin:
- Clean and insightful syntax increases team efficiency
- Interoperable and versatile so Kotlin developers can easily override the shortcomings of JAVA
- It has the full support of the IDE and Google installation packages, including the Android Toolkit and SDK
- It generates compact, simple and cleaner code compared to JAVA
Cons of Kotlin:
- It is still a new language on the market, so it may be difficult to learn
- Sometimes it gets slower
- There are limited resources to learn how to use it
C++ is the first choice of many top mobile application development companies. It is a general-purpose, object-oriented language with features that are generic and, it has low-level memory manipulation.
Used for Android application development and native applications, C++ can develop games, GUI-based applications, real-time mathematical simulations, banking applications, and more. C++ is popular with cloud computing applications as it can adapt quickly to changes in hardware or ecosystems.
C++ can be used for Android app development using the Native Android Development Kit (NDK). However, an application cannot be fully created using C++, and the NDK is used to implement parts of the application in native C++ code. It helps to use C++ code libraries for the application as needed.
While C++ is useful for Android application development in some cases, it is much more difficult to configure and is much less flexible. It can also generate more errors due to the increased complexity. Therefore, it is better to use Java compared to C++, as it does not provide enough gain to make up for the efforts required.
C++ at a Glance
Pros of C++:
- Fast and stable and has a vast set of built-in libraries and compilers out of the box
- If you know C ++, you can quickly learn JAVA, C, C #
- You can take full control, and the application can run on any platform and take advantage of any hardware
Cons of C++:
- Complex syntax, small standard library
- The most complicated programming language to master
- Garbage collection or dynamic memory allocation cannot be supported
- Object orientation is quite essential compared to other languages
C# is also quite similar to Java, making it ideal for Android application development. Like Java, C# also implements garbage collection, so there is less chance of memory leaks. And C# also has a cleaner and simpler syntax, which makes coding comparatively easier.
Previously, the biggest drawback to C# was that it could only run on Windows systems, as it used the .NET Framework. However, this problem was handled by Xamarin — a cross-platform implementation of the Common Language Infrastructure. Now, the Xamarin.Android tools can be used to write native Android apps and share code across multiple platforms.
Pronounced as "C-sharp", C# has made its remarkable place in the market as a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language widely used for mobile development, primarily for Windows cross-platform application development.
This is the best language if you are planning to develop high performance and interactive gaming applications.
C# at a Glance
Pros of C#:
- Quick, easy to use, and quick to implement
- Generic, strongly-typed, functional, imperative, declarative, component-oriented, and object-oriented disciplines
- Simple, modern, and general-purpose language
- Most preferred programming language
Cons of C#
- Intricate and complex language for new learners
- A language that is case sensitive and creates confusion even if there is a slight mismatch between even alphabets
Lua is a cross-platform multi-paradigm programming language. It is a light-weight, mobile-first enterprise communication solution. Powering in-built messaging for businesses, Lua is instant, secure, and keeps developers accountable.
This language gained popularity due to real-time secure messaging, an analytics dashboard, easy file sharing, and two-touch conference calling. If you wish to improve your app's portability, speed, reliability, and extensibility, Lua is a perfect choice.
Lua at a Glance
Pros of Lua:
- Fast and uses the least amount of runtime memory
- The smallest memory footprint for bundling
- Helpful for error handling
- Lua C API is very well documented for easy integration with C
- Reduces API and lower learning curve
Cons of Lua:
- Documentation is inadequate
- Quite complicated to learn
- Poor garbage collection capacity
Now it's time to move on and conquer Android!
There are many applications, such as chat messengers, music players, games, calculators, etc. that can be created using the above programming languages. And as you know, no language can be called the "right language."
Therefore, it is up to you to make the right choice of language based on your goals and preferences for each project. Get in touch with the right Android app development company and give your business the gift of success.
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