Gone are those days when we used the Internet just to browse or to connect with people through devices. Now the Internet has spread everywhere and we are connecting different objects, such as smart devices, through wireless connectivity. Sooner or later, we are moving to a smart world of technology, where literally everything will be connected with the evolution of Internet of Things (IoT).
This is no surprise as the possibilities with IoT are endless, which helps it find usage in nearly all fields.
Let me explain to you, in brief, about IoT evolution — the past, present, and future. Earlier we have operated our ACs with a remote control; now we switch them on with our smartphones through Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc. In the future, your AC will automatically switch on once you enter the room and will switch off once you leave.
Although IoT has become familiar over the last decade, the eventual development of IoT technology has spread it wings around the world, discovering new devices and ways to connect every single thing, including physical devices. However, I believe that we have already reached the greatest extent in IoT while considering specific devices such as Intel Edison. Intel Edison is a tiny computer of the size of an SD card, which contains a dual-core Intel Quark x86 that is able to run Linux and communicate via Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Such kinds of devices will accelerate the development of the connection between smart devices.
Smart homes with connected walls and sensors in every device are just the beginning of the IoT evolution. Smart homes connect to a smart grid whereas a smart city will result from completely connected smart homes or similar smart things in a society. This might not seem far away because several experiments are being carried out for building smart cities around the world. Say, for example, the “Smart City of Songdo” an absolutely connected city of almost any device, equipped with microchips or wireless sensors.
By the next decade, technologies such as machine learning and artificial intelligence will result in a new and exciting range of connected devices. Therefore, the future of IoT will accelerate the changes to a completely connected society with fantastic applications that have yet to be invented.
Let us see some examples of how IoT gradually developed from smart devices to smart homes, which can lead a path to the smart world.
2005: Early Beginning of the Connected Home
Light Switch: In former days, we switch lights only by a switch
Smart Refrigerator: The first smart fridge had inventory data, internet access, and a digital screen
Security Keypad: Online security systems were regulated by a wall-mounted keypad and monitored by a third party company
Remotes: Individual remote controls for every device caused confusion & clutter
2015: Machine to Mobile
Mobile Controlled: We can now control lighting and other devices through our mobile.
Temperature Learning: Smart thermostats controlled by mobile devices can learn personal habits to provide a custom temperature system
Mobile Keyless Entry & Wi-fi Security Camera: Locks & keyless entry systems now connect sensors and mobile devices to notify users if a door and window is opened while not at home.
Fitness Tracker: Wearable monitoring devices track your real-time physical activities to create usable fitness data
2025: The Smart Home
Efficient Smart Home: Smart homes will automatically manage most of your home activities like dimming lights during a movie or displaying energy consumption
Artifical Assistant / Hologram: Learning algorithms and sensors will create personalized intelligence throughout the house that will act as a virtual assistant in everyday home tasks.
Smart Walls: IoT could modify walls into connected and dynamic devices that are used to control the home security system and other home events
Wellness Monitoring: Home devices will track personal data to report on nutrition, wellness, and health, so the elderly may stay in their homes longer. In the case of emergencies, such as heart attacks, appropriate entities like ambulances/hospitals will be automatically alerted to the situation.
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