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Adding One More MySQL Slave to Cloud Based System (Amazon AWS)

· Cloud Zone

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MySQL Replication tends to be complex.

Creating a new slave to support your system expansion is not easier: coping large data files over the LAN, recovering replication, etc.

Fortunately, virtualization and SAN help us do it easier and faster.

Lucky us, Cloud Computing make it even easier.


Adding a New Slave is Easier than Ever
  1. Select an existing slave that can be reboot w/o affecting the service.
    1. Take the slave out of the production environment.
    2. Stop the MySQL slave and perform a read lock: SLAVE STOP;FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK;
    3. Create an AMI based on this instance using AWS console or API.
    4. Recover the instance upon AMI creation completion and get the slave back to production: UNLOCK TABLES;SLAVE START;SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G
  2. Create a new slave based on the AMI
    1. Launch a new slave using the AWS console or API.
    2. Change the server's /etc/my.cnf file to fit a new slave instance:
      1. Change the server-id=N value to a new numeric value.
      2. Set relay-log='server-relay-bin' to the original slave server relay log name.
    3. Restart the MySQL instance: sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart
    4. Recover the MySQL: UNLOCK TABLES;SLAVE START;SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G
    5. Add this new slave to the production environment.


Bottom Line

Expanding your business today is easier w/o the need for file copy or any other tedious action.


Keep Performing,
 

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