All You Need to Know About Blockchain Testing
Want to learn more about blockchain testing? Check out this post to learn more about the rise of blockchain and how it is going to take over industry.
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From 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto implemented blockchain technology as a core component in Bitcoin, blockchain has been the buzzword in the industry. Bitcoin’s success proved the capabilities of blockchain-based transactions, and now, everyone is planning to implement blockchain technology in almost everything. According to the World Economic Forum survey, by 2027, 10 percent of the global GDP may be stored using none other than blockchain-based technology. Interesting, isn’t it?
As you can see, from digital transactions to the voting process, or from storing documents and transactions to making data transfer decentralized, blockchain tech is going to be everywhere. So for developers working this space, here’s the main question: how do you know that your blockchain app is working the way you want it to work? In simpler terms, how can you test blockchain?
First, let’s dive a little deeper into what exactly is blockchain technology, how it can help us, and what all needs to be tested in a blockchain.
What Is Blockchain?
A blockchain is basically like a distributed ledger that stores the database of assets and transactions done across a peer-to-peer network. You can think of a blockchain as an open infrastructure that can store various types of assets.
Let me take this to a simpler level. Imagine you have to make a transaction of $10 from A to B. Now, in normal scenarios, what happens is that the transaction takes place through a third-party app or payment processing system. First, A’s bank will identify the details of B’s bank. Once that is done, with the help of a payment processing service, A’s bank will initiate a money transfer to B’s bank with a certain amount of deductions. Both banks will record transaction at their end. However, a transaction fee is charged and B receives something like $9.95. This process is quite secure and has many redundancies in place to make sure that it stays secure and accurate, but even then, there are some basic fundamental issues with the transaction process:
- Delay in process
- Dependency on a single intermediary whose effectiveness in never 100 percent
- In case of any gap in the transaction, no one takes the responsibility and people keep on blaming each other.
How Blockchain Eliminates These Problems?
Consider if there is a system where you no longer have to worry about these problems. You just need to perform a transaction and there are people who are sitting and validating your transaction every second. The validation mechanism is called as Proof of block, and this is done based on the public key provided for the encrypted data, and it is done by all listeners in the peer-to-peer network. And these are real people, not bots. Since there is not a single transaction validating authority, i.e. no centralized transaction service, the process is effectively decentralized.
Once more than a specified number of people validates the transaction, the transaction details are stored in the form of a block and that block is added to the existing blockchain. Moreover, the blocks, once validated and added, are immutable. These blocks have a specific hash associated with every block. These hashes are like fingerprints and are unique to every block. The persons validating the transaction process are called miners. The more miners, the better efficiency of the transaction.
A block, in all, contains data, a hash, and the hash of the previous block. Since it contains a hash of a previous block, all the blocks contain data for the previous blocks and it becomes almost impossible for a blockchain to be corrupt.
Components of a Block in a Blockchain
So you can think of this as a distributed ledger where a lot of people are actively updating and validating your transaction details based on the decryption key that is provided. And once more than a specific number of people validates the transaction a new block is added to the blockchain.
What Is the Need for Testing in a Blockchain?
A block, once added to the blockchain, remains there forever, and if you try to change the data in some block in between the chain, the following blocks become invalid. A single change in a block of the blockchain will cause every subsequent block to change as well. This makes it important that whenever a new block is added, it’s being added the right way because it cannot be changed at a later date. It becomes complex exploiting a blockchain, and the testing of blockchain becomes even more complex.
To add to that, it contributes to large transactions, which go through validation, encryption, decryption, transmission, etc., so it becomes necessary to make sure that these processes go smoothly.
What all Do you Need to Test in a Blockchain?
- Block Size: The maximum fixed limit of a block is 1 megabyte. After the introduction of Bitcoin, the average size of a block for the first 18 months came out to be under 30 KB. But in December 2017, it hovered around 1 MB. What if the size of a block exceeds beyond 1 MB? Well, this is yet to be decided how the blocks above 1 MB pan out.
- Chain Size: There is no limit on the size of the chain. So, it is fun to test it for its function and performance. For example, the Bitcoin chain’s size keeps on increasing day by day. If you want to know the current chain size, just hit here (it’s almost 50740 when I am writing this).
- Load: With so many people on the blockchain, the load becomes a major parameter to test in a blockchain. Let’s take the example of Bitcoin. It currently has a maximum throughput of 3-4 transactions per second, but what if the transaction/second increases as in the case of Visa(2000), Paypal(193), etc? The load remains a major problem with blockchain because performance drops when the load increases.
- Security: Since there are many miners involved with a transaction, ensuring security is a little complex. Well, there is a multi-layered security system in a blockchain. If one of the layers have been hacked, the instantaneous transactions cannot be stopped. It is, therefore, to be tested that one security layer doesn’t affect the other.
- Transmission of data: Encrypted and decrypted data is transferred from computer to computer, so it is necessary to test if the transmission process is working flawlessly. Is the data being sent received on the other end, or is there a loss in between? Because of this, it becomes necessary to make sure that the data is not lost.
- Addition of block: Every new block is added to the chain once the transaction’s validity is authenticated. So, it must be tested that there should not be any leak in the block addition system and the block must be added after authentication.
- Cryptographical data: Cryptography is the backbone of blockchain technology. Therefore, it is necessary to make sure that the data is properly encrypted and decrypted.
This is just the beginning of the emergence of Blockchain technology. It has a lot more to show and teach us. We are going to see more of blockchain in the coming years with the pace it is taking over the technology world.
Published at DZone with permission of Deeksha Agarwal. See the original article here.
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