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An Executive Summary on the Internet of Things

DZone surveyed more the 500 IT professionals for our Guide to the Internet of Things – 2015 Edition. In our summary, learn how the majority of organizations are anticipating the changing landscape of IoT, and where their energies are focused.

· IoT Zone

Access the survey results 'State of Industrial Internet Application Development' to learn about latest challenges, trends and opportunities with Industrial IoT, brought to you in partnership with GE Digital.

DZone surveyed more than 500 IT professionals for our Guide to the Internet of Things – 2015 Edition to discover how organizations build IoT applications and develop strategies for implementing ubiquitous, secured systems.

In this summary, you will learn how the majority of organizations are anticipating the changing landscape of IoT, and where their energies are focused.

Research Takeaways

01. Security is the Biggest Concern for Developers and Companies Alike

Data: 79% of respondents stated security is a major concern for developing for the Internet of Things.

Implications: IoT security has continued to be on the minds of both companies and developers. A Gartner report predicted that in 2015, an estimated 4.9 billion connected devices would be in use [1]. By the end of 2017, over 20% of organizations will have security services devoted to their IoT implementations. Security will be most effective when implemented during both hardware and software development. When developing system architectures, security must be at the forefront of all decision making.

Recommendations: Minimizing data storage and transfer, and maximizing authentication and hardware efficiency are proactive steps in creating secure IoT environments. There is no one correct way to implement a foolproof IoT security infrastructure, but there are several layers of defense that will minimize risk. Refer to the IoT Security Checklist in this guide to see best practices for creating a secure IoT from the device, gateway, and server sides, as well as Henryk Konsek’s “IoT Gateways and Architecture” to understand the most effective way of securely building systems.

02. Home Automation is Where Developer Interest Lies

Data: Developers are most interested in developing for consumer- focused, home automation platforms. 23% of respondents claimed they had worked on smart home devices, more than any other domain within IoT. 68% of respondents have expressed the desire to work with smart home devices.

Implications: Developers are focused on early adopters in IoT, so they’re heavily engaged in developing for home automation devices, which is where a lot of interest lies for consumers. Most projections show, however, that the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is where the future of the industry lies. According to Cisco, the IIoT has the potential to add $19 trillion to the global GDP by 2020 [2]. While home automation platforms will give developers experience with working in small-scale IoT environments, the future of the Internet of Things lies within the enormous infrastructure of the Industrial Internet of Things.

Recommendations: The vast majority of revenue for the entire Internet of Things industry will be within IIoT. While developer interest currently resides in the consumer side of IoT, developers within corporations need to recognize the importance of and prepare for the shift towards industrial applications of these technologies. Refer to Tom Smith’s “Executive Insights of the IoT” in this guide to get the perspective of major decision makers and trendsetters within the IoT space.

03. There is Not Enough Awareness of IoT Trends

Data: While 53% of respondents said they were aware of Bluetooth LE (Low Energy), other widely used protocols, like ZigBee (34%), were largely unknown. Almost one quarter (23%) of respondents said they had not heard of any of 9 protocols we referenced.

Implications: The vast number of protocols and technologies within the Internet of Things is overwhelming for developers. It’s difficult to stay abreast of current technologies when new protocols are being developed and implemented so rapidly in the IoT landscape. Understanding the pros and cons of each protocol is important for creating the most efficient IoT systems. Devices of all types will need to be able to communicate with each other quickly and efficiently, and utilizing the correct protocol is paramount to the success of these systems.

Recommendations: Decision makers will need to stay up-to-date on the most current technologies, and understand which protocols will best maximize their IoT infrastructures. Refer to Matt Butcher’s article, “JSON, HTTP, and the Future of IoT Protocols” in this guide for insight on the future of protocols and the best practices for developing small- and large-scale systems that are able to efficiently communicate with each other.

04. IoT Will Be Relevant for All Organizations

Data: 58% of respondents stated the Internet of Things is already relevant to their organizations, and 87% responded that IoT will be relevant in the future. With the amount of potential revenue available for organizations, it’s clear that the Internet of Things will be an important factor in business decisions for most companies going forward.

Implications: Developers will have to adapt current development practices for this new paradigm: more so than ever before, hardware and software will need to be developed in tandem to create secure, efficient systems. Because advanced IoT systems are typically divided into three main categories—sensors, gateways, and the cloud—development for any system will involve massive undertakings. Teams will have to be able to work separately on these three domains, then integrate them within connected systems.

Recommendations: Understand your organization’s vision for the Internet of Things, and document best practices to allow your development team to be at its most effective. Refer to Andreas Dharmawan’s “Strategies for IoT Software Development and Delivery” in this guide for an in-depth look at utilizing existing development practices to create an efficient, secure, and powerful IoT system.

[1] gartner.com/newsroom/id/2905717
[2] forumblog.org/2014/01/are-you-ready-for-the-internet-of-everything/

For more insights on IoT security, protocols, and standards, get your copy of the Guide to the Internet of Things – 2015 Edition now!

The IoT Zone is brought to you in partnership with GE Digital.  Discover how IoT developers are using Predix to disrupt traditional industrial development models.

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