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AspectJ and Ant

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AspectJ and Ant

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I've just started working with AspectJ and despite its non-intuitive syntax, I'm pretty sold on its effectiveness at reducing development time and pre complexity by factoring out crosscutting concerns such as logging and security. However, the Internet is a little lacking in guides and how to build it, so here's my how to.

1) Download AspectJ tools jar and save this into your ~/.ant/lib directory.

2) Add the XML namespace to the project element:

<project xmlns:aspectj="antlib:org.aspectj" ...
Create a new compile target in your build.xml (you can see that I use Ivy for dependency management):
	<target name="compile.aspectj" depends="resolve">
		<mkdir dir="${build}" />
		<aspectj:iajc source="1.6" destDir="${build}">
			<sourceroots>
				<pathelement location="${src}" />
			</sourceroots>
			<classpath>
				<fileset dir="${lib}">
					<include name="**/*.jar" />
				</fileset>
			</classpath>
		</aspectj:iajc>
	</target>

Note: you may need to tell AspectJ to use target Java 6.

3) Factor out the javac element into it's own "compile.javac" task, this wil allow you to revert to javac easily:

	<target name="compile.javac" depends="resolve">
		<mkdir dir="${build}" />
		<javac srcdir="${src}" destdir="${build}" includeantruntime="false">
			<classpath>
				<fileset dir="${lib}">
					<include name="**/*.jar" />
				</fileset>
			</classpath>
		</javac>
	</target>

4) Make the "compile" target dependent on "compile.aspectj";

	<target name="compile" depends="compile.aspectj">
		<copy todir="${build}">
			<fileset dir="${src}" excludes="**/*.java" />
		</copy>
	</target>

5) Build it.

You might want to also download the AspectJ runtime in your build (e.g. using Ivy).

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