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Autocomplete Composer Script Names on the Command Line

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Autocomplete Composer Script Names on the Command Line

Read on to learn how to use JSON to create an autocomplete functionality in a bash completion file, using only a few lines of JSON code.

· DevOps Zone ·
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As I add more and more of my own script targets to my composer.json files, I find that it would be helpful to have tab autocomplete in bash. I asked on Twitter and didn't get an immediate solution and as I had already done something similar for Phing, I rolled up my sleeves and wrote my own.

Start by creating a new bash completion file called composer in the bash_completion.d directory. This file needs executable permission. This directory can usually be found at /etc/bash_completion.d/, but on OS X using Homebrew, it's at /usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/.

This is the file:

# Store this file in /etc/bash_completion.d/composer

_composer_scripts() {
    local cur prev
    _get_comp_words_by_ref -n : cur


    #  Complete the arguments to some of the commands.
    if [ "$prev" != "composer" ] ; then
        local opts=$(composer $prev -h --no-ansi | tr -cs '[=-=][:alpha:]_' '[\n*]' | grep '^-')
        COMPREPLY=( $(compgen -W "${opts}" -- ${cur}) )
        return 0

    if [[ "$cur" == -* ]]; then
        COMPREPLY=( $( compgen -W '-h -q -v -V -n -d \
            --help --quiet --verbose --version --ansi --no-ansi \
            --no-interaction --profile --working-dir' -- "$cur" ) )
        local scripts=$(composer --no-ansi 2> /dev/null |  awk '/^ +[a-z]+/ { print $1 }')
        COMPREPLY=( $(compgen -W "${scripts}" -- ${cur}) )

    __ltrim_colon_completions "$cur"
    return 0

complete -F _composer_scripts composer

(Note that __ltrim_colon_completions  is only in recent versions of bash-completion, so you may need to remove this line.)

Reading from the bottom, to get the list of commands to the composer, we create a list of words for the -W option to compgen by running the composer --no-ansi and then manipulating the output to remove everything that isn't a command using awk. We also create a separate list of flag arguments when the user types a hyphen and then presses tab.

Finally, we also autocomplete flags for any subcommand by running composer {cmd} -h --no-ansi  and using grep to limit the list to just words starting with a hyphen.

That's it. Now composer {tab} will autocomplete both built-in composer commands and also custom scripts!

Composer autocomplete

As you can see, in this example, in addition to the built-in commands like dump-autoload and show, you can also see my custom scripts, including apiary-fetch.

This is very helpful for when my memory fails me!

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