Automation Testing Technologies - What’s Trending in 2020?
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Evolution in technology continues to make life easier. During the past decade, many surprising accomplishments have been done in the technical world.
If we talk about test automation, then coding skills were a must-have a few years ago, and automation was a long process. Also, the tools to automate testing were limited, and most of the test automation efforts were concentrated towards web automation.
Today many innovative tools are now available, making test automation codeless, which has opened new opportunities that were only originally limited to manual testing.
In this blog, we will discuss all the latest trends in the automation testing field and how it is empowering some of the latest and most sought-after technologies.
AI, ML, and NLP
Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Natural Language Programming are now some of the most eyeballed technologies in the IT industry. These technologies were created to make intelligent software — your software should have the ability to learn from its own experience.
Over the last few years, many AI, ML, and NLP powered test automation tools with smart features have been introduced. Leading QA service providers are working towards merging these technologies into their standard automation frameworks in order to reap maximum benefits.
These technologies are bringing a drastic change in the automation industry by adding new abilities.
For example, NLP has added an ability to automation tools to automatically understand the flow of test cases created by manual QA engineers and further automate the tests without any human intervention.
You can utilize AI and ML to analyze the existing automation scripts. QA engineers use AI and ML to understand the application flow during script execution and develop new test scripts based on their findings.
AI and ML also facilitate you with automatic healing of test scripts during UI changes and analyze the test automation reports on multiple parameters to showcase build health to your stakeholders.
QAOps, or DevTestOps, refers to QA(Quality Assurance) and Ops(IT Operations). These are the practices to improve your collaboration between QA tasks and IT operations. QAOps is aimed towards streamlining your software delivery operations.
The QAOps framework integrates with the continuous test automation structure to implement a continuous testing process. This works as a catalyst in validating the software quality during the release of every build or creation for every PR (pull request).
QAOps is still in a growing phase, but the benefits which can be reaped with the implementation of this architecture, has increased its adoption pace in the QA industry.
These include quick testing, automatic creation and destruction of VMs during automation suites execution, and transparency in results. It also minimizes the dependency o a QA team to run test cycles, catching and fixing bugs, leads to better resource utilization, and faster delivery.
Big Data Automation Testing
With the growth of internet, websites, and mobile apps, data is growing with every nanosecond, which has increased its demand. Thus the testing of big data is also on the rise. Manual testing of such massive data is a tedious, error-prone, and a time-consuming task. As a result, automation testing is extending its reach in this domain as well.
Big data testing has three phases: Pre-Hadoop Stage (validation of data to be added), Map Reduce Stage (testing of data mapping), and output validation stage (validation that transformation rules are working correctly).
Automation testing enables validation of the quantity of data picked from different data sources, analysis of logs, checking the key and value pairs of data maps, ensuring that data transformations work correctly by sending different types of queries, and ensures performance or response time of data processing.
IoT Automation Testing
IoT is expected to grow for the next few years. IoT is an ecosystem where data is transmitted between different devices on different networks without any human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
A few years ago, it was difficult to crack the code to implement automation testing for IoT devices. Now, with the increase in understanding about the IoT functionalities, QA teams can now implement automation in this domain as well.
The automated testing of IoT devices is performed by connecting to the device’s software using well-defined ports and then validating the data being received from different data sources. These tests are linked with testing frameworks to control test flows and generate testing results in the human-readable form.
Robotic Process Automation
Robotic Process Automation or RPA continues to provide value in the automation industry. RPA is developed to cater to the need for automating recurring business processes. The technology enables you to create a virtual workforce via robots that automate manual tasks. RPA tools provide wizard-based automation i.e. you do not need any coding skills. Your engineers and stakeholders can simply automate the complex workflow with RPA.
Published at DZone with permission of Vakul Gotra. See the original article here.
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