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Basic WS with Scala, Sbt and JEE 6

· Java Zone

The Java Zone is brought to you in partnership with Azul Systems.   Discover how to stop tuning and get back to coding with Azul Zing.

I recently had a chance to work on building an SOA platform using JEE 6 and Scala. I will share here some snippets that may be helpfull to start publishing web services using Scala, Sbt and JAX-WS.

Consider the example to calculate the quotient and remainder using a euclidean algorithm. Not very complex if the inputs are positives numbers.

I- Sbt

Let’s create an sbt projet and add required dependencies

$ mkdir sws
$ cd sws
$ touch build.sbt
$ edit build.sbt as following :

 
name := "Euclide"

version := "1.0"

organization := "me.ouertani"

scalaVersion := "2.9.1"

scalaSource in Compile <<= baseDirectory(_ / "src")

scalaSource in Test <<= baseDirectory(_ / "test")

libraryDependencies += "javax" % "javaee-api" % "6.0" % "provided" 

libraryDependencies += "log4j" % "log4j" % "1.2.16" % "provided" 

libraryDependencies += "junit" % "junit" % "4.8.2" % "test"
 

$ mkdir src
$ touch src/Euclide.scala

That’a all for project configuration.

II- Create the WS

We will use a single Euclide.scala file for all class this will be easier for visibility

1 – Create a Request Class and don’t forget :
a – default constructor
b – field access annotation

@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
case class Request(a : Int, b : Int ){ def this(){this(0,0)}}

2- Create a Response Class

@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
@XmlType(name = "output")
case class Response (c: Int, d: Int){ def this(){this(0,0)}}

3- Why not create an exception class to handle exceptions like b is equal to 0?

 
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
case class ResponseException(why : String){  def this(){this("")}}

@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
case class FaultResponse(@BeanProperty faultInfo : ResponseException) extends Exception { def this(){this(ResponseException(""))}}
 

Don’t forget to add BeanProperty annotation to faultInfo input !

4- Let’s add an interceptor to log all ws method call

object TracingInterceptor{
  import org.apache.log4j.Logger
  val L = Logger.getLogger(classOf[TracingInterceptor])
}

import TracingInterceptor._
class TracingInterceptor { 

  @AroundInvoke
  def  log( context:InvocationContext):Object ={
    try {
      if (L.isDebugEnabled()) {
        val clazz = context.getMethod().getDeclaringClass().getName()
        val method = context.getMethod().getName()        
        L.debug(clazz + " : Is invoking method: " + method + " With Parameters : " + context.getParameters().mkString("[", ",","]"))
      }
    } catch { 
      case  ex :Exception =>    L.warn("Unable to Intercept Method Call", ex)
    } 
    context.proceed()
  }
}

5- The WS class and it’s divide method using intercpetor and stateless EJB 3.1

@WebService(serviceName = "Euclide", targetNamespace = "http://slim.ouertani.me/")
@Stateless()
@Interceptors(Array(classOf[TracingInterceptor]))
class Euclide {
  @throws(classOf[FaultResponse])
  def divide( @WebParam(name="input" )  @XmlElement(required = true, nillable = false)
    req :Request):Response =  req match {
      case Request(_, 0 ) => throw FaultResponse(ResponseException("Can't divide by ZERO!"))
      case Request(a, b ) =>  Response(a / b ,a % b) 
    }
}

6- Don’t forget package , imports at the head of file and it’s all :

package me.ouertani.scala.ws

import javax.interceptor.Interceptors
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlElement
import javax.interceptor.{ AroundInvoke , InvocationContext }
import javax.xml.bind.annotation. { XmlAccessType , XmlAccessorType, XmlElement, XmlType}
import javax.ejb. { EJB ,Stateless }
import javax.jws. {WebService , WebParam }
import scala.reflect.BeanProperty

III- packaging and run WS

1- Let’s start compiling our projet
$ xsbt compile
2- package the jar
$ xsbt package
3- deploy it to your JEE 6 container ( mine is Glassfish 3.1.1 )

IV – test it
1- After depoyed let’s test it using soapUI tool

Request 1 :

<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:slim="http://slim.ouertani.me/">
   <soapenv:Header/>
   <soapenv:Body>
      <slim:divide>
         <input>
            <a>6</a>
            <b>4</b>
         </input>
      </slim:divide>
   </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

 

Response 1 :

<S:Envelope xmlns:S="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
   <S:Body>
      <ns2:divideResponse xmlns:ns2="http://slim.ouertani.me/">
         <return>
            <c>3</c>
            <d>0</d>
         </return>
      </ns2:divideResponse>
   </S:Body>
</S:Envelope>

Request 2 :

<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:slim="http://slim.ouertani.me/">
   <soapenv:Header/>
   <soapenv:Body>
      <slim:divide>
         <input>
            <a>6</a>
            <b>0</b>
         </input>
      </slim:divide>
   </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>

Response 2 :

<S:Envelope xmlns:S="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
   <S:Body>
      <S:Fault xmlns:ns4="http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope">
         <faultcode>S:Server</faultcode>
         <faultstring>me.ouertani.scala.ws.FaultResponse</faultstring>
         <detail>
            <ns2:FaultResponse xmlns:ns2="http://slim.ouertani.me/">
               <faultInfo>
                  <why>Can't divide by ZERO!</why>
               </faultInfo>
            </ns2:FaultResponse>
         </detail>
      </S:Fault>
   </S:Body>
</S:Envelope>

Fine!

The Java Zone is brought to you in partnership with Azul Systems.   Discover how to stop tuning and get back to coding with Azul Zing.

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