Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

How to Bootstrap an OAuth2 Authorization Server With UAA

DZone's Guide to

How to Bootstrap an OAuth2 Authorization Server With UAA

Leveraging Cloud Foundry's UAA project can help get you started with putting up an OAuth2 authorization server — one that's lightweight but still very scalable.

· Integration Zone
Free Resource

Modernize your application architectures with microservices and APIs with best practices from this free virtual summit series. Brought to you in partnership with CA Technologies.

I will cover using the UAA in two posts. In this post, I will go over how to get a local UAA server running and populate it with some of the actors involved in an OAuth2 authorization_code flow (i.e., clients and users), and in a follow-up post, I will show how to use thisauthorization server with a sample client application and in securing a resource.

Starting Up the UAA

The repository for the UAA project is here. Downloading the project is simple. Just clone this repo:

git clone https://github.com/cloudfoundry/uaa

If you have a local JDK available, start it up using:

./gradlew run

This version of UAA uses an in-memory database, so the test data generated will be lost on restart of the application.

Populate Some Data

An awesome way to interact with UAA is its companion CLI application, UAAC. Assuming that you have the UAAC CLI downloaded and UAA started up on its default port of 8080, let us start by pointing the UAAC to the UAA application:

uaac target http://localhost:8080/uaa

Log into it using one of the canned client credentials (admin/adminsecret):

uaac token client get admin -s adminsecret

Now that a client has logged in, the token can be explored using:

uaac context

This would display the details of the token issued by UAA along these lines:

[3]*[http://localhost:8080/uaa]

  [2]*[admin]
      client_id: admin
      access_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.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.B-RmeIvYttxJOMr_CX1Jsinsr6G_e8dVU-Fv-3Qq1ow
      token_type: bearer
      expires_in: 43199
      scope: clients.read clients.secret clients.write uaa.admin clients.admin scim.write scim.read
      jti: d99b2850-bd45-4e97-822e-74a62e07f4c5

To see a more readable and decoded form of the token, just run:

uaac token decode 

Doing so should display a decoded form of the token:

jti: d99b2850-bd45-4e97-822e-74a62e07f4c5
  sub: admin
  authorities: clients.read clients.secret clients.write uaa.admin clients.admin scim.write scim.read
  scope: clients.read clients.secret clients.write uaa.admin clients.admin scim.write scim.read
  client_id: admin
  cid: admin
  azp: admin
  grant_type: client_credentials
  rev_sig: e78b0213
  iat: 1487039776
  exp: 1487082976
  iss: http://localhost:8080/uaa/oauth/token
  zid: uaa
  aud: admin clients uaa scim

Now, to create a brand new client (client1), which I will be using in a follow-up post:

uaac client add client1  \
  --name client1 --scope resource.read,resource.write \
  --autoapprove ".*"  \
  -s client1 \
  --authorized_grant_types authorization_code,refresh_token,client_credentials \
  --authorities uaa.resource

This client is going to request a scope of resource.read, resource.write from users and will participate in authorization_code grant-type OAuth2 flows, creating a resource owner or a user of the system:

uaac user add user1 -p user1 --emails user1@user1.com

...and assigning this user a resource.read scope:

uaac group add resource.read
uaac member add resource.read user1

Exercise a Test Flow

Now that we have a client and a resource owner, let us exercise a quick authorization_code flow, uaac provides a handy command line option that provides the necessary redirect hooks to capture auth code and transforms the auth_code to an access token.

uaac token authcode get -c client1 -s client1 --no-cf

Invoking the above command should open up a browser window and prompt for user creds:

Image title

Logging in with the user1/user1 user that was created previously should respond with a message in the command line that the token has been successfully fetched. This can be explored once more using the following command:

uaac context

...with the output showing the details of the logged-in user:

jti: c8ddfdfc-9317-4f16-b3a9-808efa76684b
  nonce: 43c8d9f7d6264fb347ede40c1b7b44ae
  sub: 7fdd9a7e-5b92-42e7-ae75-839e21b932e1
  scope: resource.read
  client_id: client1
  cid: client1
  azp: client1
  grant_type: authorization_code
  user_id: 7fdd9a7e-5b92-42e7-ae75-839e21b932e1
  origin: uaa
  user_name: user1
  email: user1@user1.com
  auth_time: 1487040497
  rev_sig: c107f5c0
  iat: 1487040497
  exp: 1487083697
  iss: http://localhost:8080/uaa/oauth/token
  zid: uaa
  aud: resource client1

This concludes the whirlwind tour of setting up a local UAA and adding a couple of roles involved in an OAuth2 flow (a client and a user). I have not covered the OAuth2 flows itself; the article Digital Ocean Intro to OAuth2 is a very good primer on the flows.

I will follow this post with a post on how this infrastructure can be used for securing a sample resource and demonstrate a flow using Spring Security and Spring Boot.

The Integration Zone is proudly sponsored by CA Technologies. Learn from expert microservices and API presentations at the Modernizing Application Architectures Virtual Summit Series.

Topics:
oauth2 ,cloud foundry ,uaa ,bootstrapping ,integration ,tutorial

Published at DZone with permission of Biju Kunjummen. See the original article here.

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

THE DZONE NEWSLETTER

Dev Resources & Solutions Straight to Your Inbox

Thanks for subscribing!

Awesome! Check your inbox to verify your email so you can start receiving the latest in tech news and resources.

X

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}