Building a Multi-Container Web App With Docker 1.12.x (Part 2)
Picking up where the introduction left off, now that your components are containerized and ready for scaling, let's finish putting your web app together.
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In the first part of this article, I showed how I split the frontend, backend, and database all into their own containers, and how each could be individually scaled using docker-compose.
If you’re already familiar with docker-compose and using HAproxy for load balancing against THE container, you might have noticed there’s a limitation in my approach, as the backend REST service was exposing its port 8080 externally, so I don’t think HTTP requests from the frontend browser in the app were ever passing through the HAproxy to be load-balanced — only the requests to load the front end on port 80 were being load-balanced.
I looked into how I could configure HAproxy with multiple backends, listening on different ports, but I eventually came to the conclusion that adding two different HAproxy containers, one load balancing for port 80 and one for port 8080, was easy to do.
I’m not sure if this is the best way to approach this, but it certainly works. Leave me a comment if you have any suggestions.
Here’s my final docker-compose.yml:
version: '2' services: mongodata: image: mongo:3.2 volumes: - /data/db entrypoint: /bin/bash mongo: image: mongo:3.2 depends_on: - mongodata volumes_from: - mongodata ports: - "27017" addressbook: image: addressbook depends_on: - mongo environment: - MONGODB_DB_NAME=addressbook ports: - "8080" links: - mongo web: image: docker-web-angularjs ports: - "80" lb-web: image: dockercloud/haproxy depends_on: - web environment: - STATS_PORT=1936 - STATS_AUTH="admin:your-password" links: - web volumes: - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock ports: - 80:80 - 1936:1936 lb-addressbook: image: dockercloud/haproxy depends_on: - addressbook environment: - STATS_PORT=1937 - STATS_AUTH="admin:your-password" links: - addressbook volumes: - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock ports: - 8080:80 - 1937:1937
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