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Bulk Insertion of Data Using C# DataTable and SQL server OpenXML function

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Bulk Insertion of Data Using C# DataTable and SQL server OpenXML function

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In this post I am going to show how you can insert bulk data by using DataTable of C# and OpenXML function available in Sql Server.

I got requirement that "Read data from the Excel file and than after validating data
push all record in the database table". Other thing is when inserting data in database if there is failure during insertion of record, I have to rollback all inserted record.

To achieve the task I did as following

I created procedure which make use of OpenXML function of the sql server which allow to insert multiple record in one time. OpenXML require xml string of record to insert data in the database.
ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[Ins_Employee]    
(    @XmlString text    )    
 Begin Try    

  DECLARE @XMLDocPointer INT    
  EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument @XMLDocPointer OUTPUT, @XmlString    

   INSERT INTO Employee
   (Name, Email, PhoneNo)    
   SELECT Name,Email,PhoneNo   
   FROM OPENXML(@XMLDocPointer,'/ROOT/DATA',2)    
   WITH  (Name VARCHAR(50),-- '@Name',     
         Email VARCHAR(50),-- '@Email',     
         PhoneNo VARCHAR(50) --'@PhoneNo')     

   EXEC sp_xml_removedocument @XMLDocPointer    
   Return 0;     
 End Try    
 Begin Catch    
 End Catch    
As you see in above procedure OpenXML make use of xmlDocument as input which is get created by system define procedure sp_xml_preparedocument which take xmlString as input and return XmlDocument.
Once OpenXML done task of insertion sp_xml_removedocument system proceudre is require to remove that element.
All record get inserted in once by the OpenXML function as I used transaction if the one record insertion fails all inserted record get rollback.

Following line of the code used to execute code i.e stored procedure
As you see in I am passing Element centric xml to the proceudre.
Exec Ins_Employee
If you are passing XML string as Attribute centric in it as in procedure than you need to define variable so the select statement in procedure will be
SELECT Name,Email,PhoneNo   
   FROM OPENXML(@XMLDocPointer,'/ROOT/DATA',2)    
   WITH  (Name VARCHAR(50) '@Name',     
         Email VARCHAR(50) '@Email',     
         PhoneNo VARCHAR(50) '@PhoneNo')
Exec Ins_Employee

Now after done with the database , code part of the application is as below.

Uploaded Excel File which contains Employee data

Presentation layer
Following function in presentation layer read data from the excel file, which is uploaded on server.
private void ReadAndInsertExcelData()
     int i;
     bool blValid = true;
     OleDbCommand ocmd;
     OleDbDataAdapter oda;
     DataTable dtDetails;
     DataSet dsDetails;

     OleDbConnection oconn = new OleDbConnection     
          (@"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; Data Source=" + 
               Server.MapPath("~/Upload/MonthlyActual.xls") + ";Extended 
               Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=1'");
          ocmd = new OleDbCommand("select * from [Sheet1$]", oconn);
          oda = new OleDbDataAdapter(ocmd);
          dsDetails = new DataSet();
          oda.Fill(dsDetails, "DATA");
          dtDetails = dsDetails.Tables[0];
          dsDetails.DataSetName = "ROOT";
          i = 0;

          DataRow[] drLst = dtDetails.Select("(Name is null) or (Email is 
                              null) or (PhoneNo is null)");
          if (drLst.Count() > 0)
               blValid = false;
          if (blValid)
               XMLController xMLController = new XMLController();
               xMLController.Ins(BaseLineType, dtDetails);
          lblMsg.Text = ex.Message;
          lblMsg.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
          lblMsg.Text = "Data Inserted Sucessfully";
          oda = null;
          dtDetails = null;
          dsDetails = null;

Business Layer
Function below takes DataTable as input and generate XML string, As you see below I used StringWriter which use StringBuilder object, DataTable make use of StringWriter and write XML string in StringBuilder object.
public int Ins(DataTable pImportTable)
     int IsSuccess = -100;
          StringBuilder sbXMLString = new StringBuilder();
          System.IO.StringWriter sw = new System.IO.StringWriter

          DALXML dALManualCost = new DALXML();
          IsSuccess = dALManualCost.IsSuccess;
     return IsSuccess;
Note:Above method generate Element centric XML string.

Now if you want to write out the Attribute centric xml file you just need to replace the line of datatable.WriteXml with the below code for loop also you dont require to use the StringWriter object.
          for (int i = 0; i < pImportTable.Rows.Count; i++)
            sbXMLString.Append("<DATA ");
            sbXMLString.Append("Name='" + 
                         pImportTable.Rows[i][0].ToString().Trim() + "' ");
            sbXMLString.Append("Email='" + pImportTable.Rows
                         [i][1].ToString().Trim() + "' ");
            sbXMLString.Append("PhoneNo='" + 
                         pImportTable.Rows[i][2].ToString().Trim() + "' ");
            sbXMLString.Append(" />");

Now this layer call the stored procedure which pass the xmlstring of employee to database. Return parameter will tell that its successfull insert or not.
public void Ins(string pXMLString)
          Database db = CommonHelper.GetDataBaseInstance();
          DbCommand cmdXML = db.GetStoredProcCommand

          db.AddInParameter(cmdXML, "XmlString", DbType.String, 
          db.AddParameter(cmdXML, "ret", DbType.Int32,                     
          ParameterDirection.ReturnValue, "", DataRowVersion.Current, 

          IsSuccess = Convert.ToInt32(db.GetParameterValue(cmdXML, "ret"));
          IsSuccess = -100;

Note : This is the one technique I found useful to enter bulk amount of data in database in one transaction. There are also other available which might be more efficient than this.

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Published at DZone with permission of Pranay Rana, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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