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Capistrano: The Remote End Hung Up Unexpectedly

As I mentioned in my previous post I’ve been deploying a web application to a vagrant VM using Capistrano and my initial configuration was like so:

require 'capistrano/ext/multistage'
 
set :application, "thinkingingraphs"
set :scm, :git
set :repository,  "git@bitbucket.org:markhneedham/thinkingingraphs.git"
set :scm_passphrase, ""
 
set :ssh_options, {:forward_agent => true, :paranoid => false, keys: ['~/.vagrant.d/insecure_private_key']}
set :stages, ["vagrant"]
set :default_stage, "vagrant"
 
set :user, "vagrant"
server "192.168.33.101", :app, :web, :db, :primary => true
set :deploy_to, "/var/www/thinkingingraphs"

When I ran ‘cap deploy’ I ended up with the following error:

  * executing "git clone -q git@bitbucket.org:markhneedham/thinkingingraphs.git /var/www/thinkingingraphs/releases/20130414171523 && cd /var/www/thinkingingraphs/releases/20130414171523 && git checkout -q -b deploy 6dcbf945ef5b8a5d5d39784800f4a6b7731c7d8a && (echo 6dcbf945ef5b8a5d5d39784800f4a6b7731c7d8a > /var/www/thinkingingraphs/releases/20130414171523/REVISION)"
    servers: ["192.168.33.101"]
    [192.168.33.101] executing command
 ** [192.168.33.101 :: err] Host key verification failed.
 ** [192.168.33.101 :: err] fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly

As far as I can tell the reason for this is that bitbucket hasn’t been verified as a host by the VM and therefore the equivalent of the following happens when it tries to clone the repository:

$ ssh git@bitbucket.org
The authenticity of host 'bitbucket.org (207.223.240.182)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 97:8c:1b:f2:6f:14:6b:5c:3b:ec:aa:46:46:74:7c:40.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

Since we aren’t answering ‘yes’ to that question and bitbucket isn’t in our ~/.ssh/known_hosts file it’s not able to continue.

One solution to this problem is to run the ssh command above and then answer ‘yes’ to the question which will add bitbucket to our known_hosts file and we can then run ‘cap deploy’ again.

It’s a bit annoying to have that manual step though so another way is to set cap to use pty by putting the following line in our config file:

set :default_run_options, {:pty => true}

Now when we run ‘cap deploy’ we can see that bitbucket automatically gets added to the known_hosts file:

    servers: ["192.168.33.101"]
    [192.168.33.101] executing command
 ** [192.168.33.101 :: out] The authenticity of host 'bitbucket.org (207.223.240.181)' can't be established.
 ** RSA key fingerprint is 97:8c:1b:f2:6f:14:6b:5c:3b:ec:aa:46:46:74:7c:40.
 ** Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?
 ** [192.168.33.101 :: out] yes
 ** [192.168.33.101 :: out] Warning: Permanently added 'bitbucket.org,207.223.240.181' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

As far as I can tell this runs the command using a pseudo terminal and then automatically adds bitbucket into the known_hosts file but I’m not entirely sure how that works. My google skillz have also failed me so if anyone can explain it to me that’d be cool

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