Driverless Cars and the Search for True AI
Can cars drive without a driver? Explore the paradox of intelligence and why cars without a driver matter.
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The search for true Artificial Intelligence is the basis of the continuous development of cars without drivers. This is what you need to know about it.
What is true Artificial Intelligence? Whatever it is, experts rush to clarify the fact that what we have at the moment is not.
“To get to the point where we have a true artificial general intelligence, we are a long way off. We are not even close to that, and researchers in the AI area know,” says Raveen Nao Intel.
Why are we so far? In short, building a true artificial general intelligence is very difficult because of one fundamental fact: intelligence is more than the recognition and the reaction of patterns. If there is only one image that represents intelligence, it is the Sistine Chapel of Michelangelo.
The Paradox of Intelligence
The famous fresco The Creation of Adam shows God giving life to Adam, but the finger of God is not touching Adam (or Adam’s finger is not touching God, depending on how you look at it).
The level of logic and mystery and abstraction and actualization establishes the creation of Adam in the divine realms as profane both at the same time. Intelligence is the space between the finger of Adam and the finger of God. To ask, “How do you make negative space mean anything?” And the computer will certainly emit absurd; at least not produce an equivalent to the creation of response Adam. Go ahead, ask Siri.
When we try to create a true AI, we try to animate an artificial Adam, but for this to be possible, we need to create a paradox: a being capable of logical and illogical thinking at the same time. For abstraction and true intelligence to be possible, a mind must be able to withdraw from itself.
Autonomous cars are the most important and fundamental piece of the actual AI jigsaw puzzle that advances; The following will tell you why.
Why Cars Without a Driver Matter
In addition to being important to AI, cars without drivers are incredibly important for the future of driving and transportation:
- It could reduce the number of accidents by 90%, save lives, and reduce the cost of medical care and auto repair.
- They could reduce emissions by 60%, which would help in the fight against climate change.
- They could free drivers to do other things, reduce stress, and catalyze productivity.
These are just some of the potential benefits of cars without a driver. There are others related such as improving the Internet of things and freeing up space in cities that have huge implications for how to build and manage our cities and infrastructure benefits.
The Problem for AI
There is a big problem. This problem is not the only representative of the quest for true AI; it is the crux of the quest.
Should the AI be programmed without a driver to always comply with traffic laws? How does a car without a driver decide what to do when there is a choice between saving the person in the vehicle or saving a person out of the vehicle?
Here’s a scenario: A car without a driver transports a passenger across a bridge hundreds of feet above the depth of the water.
Suddenly, a driver on the approaching track falls asleep and his car enters the wrong lane, heading straight for the car without a driver at high speed. It’s late at night; the passenger in the car without a driver is also sleeping. If the computer woke the passenger and warned him, giving him the option to take control and make a decision, it would be too late and there would be a head-on collision.
What should the AI do? If you deviate to the wrong lane, you are breaking the law, and the other driver is likely to die because your impulse will send you to the railing. If you go ahead, kill the two people. If you stray from the road to the handrail, a collision could occur and could lead directly through the handrail and kill the passenger.
Logic Does Not Always Apply to AI Cars
In this scenario, logical and algorithmic protocols do not seem to apply. Programming an AI to break the law goes against another programming, which is based on the law. If you encode an algorithm to break the law and release it with algorithms that respect the law, there is a possibility that the algorithms interact unexpectedly and unintentionally.
Even more: imagine that there is a human in the driver’s seat, not knowing what to do when the car approaches. The human instinctively steps on the brakes. The approaching driver suddenly wakes up and has time to get back on track because the uncertainty of the other driver gave him time to make the correction.
You cannot program Artificial Intelligence to be uncertain, because the algorithms are if-this-then-that; It seems illogical to step on the brakes with a car coming toward you, so in this case, the single, uncertain brain of a human is an advantage.
The IoT Factor
AI cars are naturally connected cars, they are part of IoT, which may be the most important development in the 21st century. It is estimated that there will be about 50 to 70 billion IoT devices in operation by 2020.
Here’s the question: If cars without a driver could communicate with all the other cars on the road, if all cars had AI (even if they were not without a driver), it would seem that there would be no problem. One car could tell another to cancel a sleeping driver and stop.
However, IoT is vulnerable to attack. Cars can be mass-armed. But what if the cars had true generalized Artificial Intelligence? A car could have something like an immune system. He would know when he is attacking and initiate defense protocols.
AI Will Win Once It Solves the Paradox
Driving presents the AI with a problem, that if it can find the solution, it will be smarter than the humans. Let’s say that for the car, it is always logical to make the right decision. So the right decision is logical. If you are AI, how do you make an illogical decision that is correct, and therefore, logical?
Great art like the creation of Adam has nothing to do with logic; it is not logical to think that a being who defies the laws of physics has turned nothing into something and created people who are bound by the laws of physics. However, the abstract and metaphorical thinking necessary for religion and art has created a language system that has allowed humans to thrive, so this kind of thinking has its own logic.
We may never be able to make AI think that way, but at least we are learning a lot about ourselves through the effort.
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