Choosing the Right Stack For Your Next Web Project: Full-Stack vs MEAN Stack vs MERN Stack
Before starting a web development project, the first thing to choose is the option between the full-stack, mean stack, and men stack.
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It is obvious that before starting any web development project, choosing the best technology is one of the major concerns. Today, different technologies are being used for mobile application development. So, reading about those technologies in this blog is our motive.
Here, in this blog, I am going to make a decision about which technology is the best if we have the choices like Full-Stack vs MEAN stack vs MERN Stack.
Let’s discuss all these terms individually and one by one with their advantages and disadvantages. So let’s have a quick look:
What Does Stack Mean?
Stack means a data type which acts as a collection of components which is having two main functions. The one is push which helps in adding components to the collection. Another is pop which helps in removing the recently added component that was not yet removed.
It is a kind of a structure that comes from analogy to a set of physical items stacked on top of each other and this makes it simple to pull an item off on the top of the stack. In order to send the item deep in the stack, this may let the other multiple items involved.
Let’s have a quick look below:
Front-end Framework — Angular.js, Polymer.js, backbonejs, Ember.js;
Back-end Technologies — Nodejs, PHP, .NET, Ruby on Rails;
Back-end Framework — ASP.NET, Rails, Express, CodeIgniter;
Database Technologies — Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, My SQL, MongoDB;
Now, I am going to discuss, which technology is the best for your business and for which you should go for that are Full-Stack vs MEAN stack vs MERN stack:
Let's' start with Full-stack and its role:
What Does Full-Stack Mean and Why to Choose it?
Full-stack development is a part of web development which broadly refers to the tasks associated with developing websites for hosting via intranet or internet. It is the development of a complete application both the front end, which we refer to as the client-side, and back-end the server-side.
Due to the introduction of cloud computing, there have been drastic changes in the field of Full Stack Development and how it has affected the development. Cloud Computing consists of various services and has many advantages.
The full-stack coder is an engineer who works on both client-side and server-side software. This type of software developer works on the Full Stack of an application meaning Front End Technology, Back End Development Languages, Database, Server, API, and version Controlling Systems. Hence, the name "Full Stack" Developer.
The full-stack developer helps you to keep every part of the system running smoothly. He can provide help to everyone in the team and greatly reduce the time and technical costs of team communication.
If one person plays different roles, it saves your company's personnel, infrastructure, and operational cost
The Expertise of Full-Stack Developer
1) Front-end technology
2) Development languages
Full-stack engineers should know at least one server-side programming language like Java, Python, Ruby, .Net, etc.
3) Database and cache
Knowledge of various DBMS technology is another important need of a full stack developer. MySQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQLServer are widely used for this purpose. Knowledge of caching mechanisms like varnish, Memcached, Redis is a plus.
4) Basic design ability
In order to become a successful full-stack developer, knowledge of designing is also recommended. Moreover, the person should know the principle of basic prototype design and UI /UX design.
Exposure to handling Apache or Nginx servers is desirable. A good background in Linux helps tremendously in administering servers.
6) Version control system (VCS)
A version control system allows full-stack developers to keep track of all the changes made in the codebase. The knowledge of Git helps full stack developers to understand how to get the latest code, update parts of the code, make changes in other developer's code without breaking things.
Benefits of a Full-Stack
#1. Simple Switching
Full-stack developers keep the ability and power to switch between front-end and back-end development on the basis of the requirement of the project.
#2. Whole Design Structure
One of the main features of the full-stack developer is that these people are not only limited to web development but are also responsible for the whole design structure.
If you hire a front-end developer and back-end developer individually, it is obvious that it will involve a huge cost. But if you hire a full-stack developer, this will involve low cost comparatively as full-stack developers can work on both without expanding the cost.
#4. Easy to Take the State of Design and Implementation
Another main advantage of full-stack development agencies is that they keep the ownership of complete design and implement the process on the site.
#5. Simple to Upgrade
Full-stack developers are able enough to upgrade and switch to the new technologies and tools easily in comparison to the others or someone who is specialized in front-end or back technologies.
What Does MEAN Stack Mean and Why to Choose it?
Stack web development activities to analyze and comprehend the dynamics and intricacies of the latest technologies employed in MEAN (MongoDb, Express Js, Angular, Node Js). For the modern developer, the practicality of FULL-STACK design employs the MEAN Technologies and their ease of use features.
Angular has the capacity to execute side routing of clients. This will help to lighten the server load by a substantial margin.
The back end is used for designing the tables/documents to store the data from the front end via servicing. After that, it can be retrieved using the primary key / foreign keys from the database structure.
Mean stack development services provides efficiency and productivity advantages over more conventional stacks of devices. A combination of Node & Express.js with a MongoDb database offers an outstanding implementation of a web-service based on JSON; not least because all stack tools can use the underlying JSON data natively.
Advantages of MEAN Stack
The main advantage of MEAN stack is it is open source and it enables developers to use modules, libraries, and public repositories available free on the internet.
- MEAN stack is flexible and allows you to add more objects that just act as a platform for developing web applications.
- Using MEAN you can host the application on a cloud if you need to test the software application after development. It provides automatic sharing and cluster support across servers.
- Using MEAN stack you can save a lot of time as Node.js contains vast module libraries that are to be used directly in developing web applications.
- Easy to switch between client and server. You don’t require a third-party server like Apache to open the application on the server because Node.js is a common language that allows you to control effortlessly between client-side and server-side.
What Does MERN Stack Mean and Why Choose a MERN Stack?
The MERN stack is almost similar to the MEAN stack except that React is used in place of Angular.
To understand the MERN stack we have to understand firstly React Js. React was born not in the Facebook application that we all see, rather in Facebook’s Ads organization. Originally, they used a typical client-side MVC model to start with, which had all the regular two-way data binding and templates. Views would listen to changes in models, and they would respond to those changes by updating themselves.
Soon, this got pretty hairy as the application became more and more complex. Cascading updates became difficult to maintain because there would be subtle differences in the code to update the view, depending on the root cause of the update. That's when they started thinking of building something that's declarative rather than imperative.
Advantages of MERN Stack
#2. JSON Everywhere
#3. Node.js Performance
Due to its event-driven architecture and non-blocking I/O, the claim is that Node.js is a very fast and resilient web server.
#4. The npm Ecosystem
I've already discussed the huge number of npm packages available freely for everyone to use. Any problem that you face that you think others should have faced too, you'll find that there is an npm package for that. Even if it doesn't fit your needs exactly, you can fork it and make your own npm package.
After going through the whole blog, I would like to say that although all stacks have their own advantages, features, and functionalities, still, I would prefer that you should hire a Full Stack developer because he would be able to work with both front-end and back-end.
So, Full-Stack developer is one of the best options with which you can go for. Else you can also make a decision by reading and researching more.
Good luck with further research!
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