Cloud 2019 Predictions (Part 4)
Cloud 2019 Predictions (Part 4)
Azure is going to be growing in hybrid cloud environments in the next year.
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Learn how to migrate and modernize stateless applications and run them in a Kubernetes cluster.
tl;dr: Kubernetes raises all clouds - public, private, hybrid, multi-.
Given how fast technology is changing, we thought it would be interesting to ask IT executives to share their predictions for 2019. Here are some more for the cloud:
Multi-cloud deployments will flourish as it gives organizations an opportunity to better optimize costs and backup apps. Azure, in particular, will see surging adoption as it lands more and more Fortune 1000 deals.
2019 will see continued multi-cloud adoption by cloud-native applications, making data storage agnostic to cloud platforms and providers. Organizations will increasingly use technologies like Kubernetes to break away from single provider lock-in.
The adoption of SaaS services will continue to rise at double-digit growth rates, especially within the mid-market and enterprise. The continued adoption of SaaS services will force organizations to adapt many of their core IT services and staffing models to accommodate the shift. Data management, security and compliance teams must actively participate in any project that moves critical corporate data into the cloud. This includes a full review of corporate governance controls related to backup and recovery and data security. When data moves into a SaaS service, an organization’s responsibility to prove compliance with defined controls does not change, even though the technology, architectures and responsible parties are different.
There’s no place like home: cloud repatriation increases: While the growth of the public cloud will remain strong, enterprises will expand their adoption of on-premises private clouds in a hybrid cloud model. This will include repatriating data from the public cloud to avoid the bandwidth, latency and cost issues that can arise when accessing such data.
Two clouds are better than one: More enterprises will adopt a multi-cloud strategy to avoid vendor lock-in and enhance their business flexibility. However, a multi-cloud approach raises new management challenges that users will need to address to ensure a positive experience.
What do you get when you mix blue and red?: IBM-Red Hat deal scrambles the cloud landscape: IBM’s acquisition of Red Hat will reverberate throughout 2019, giving enterprises more options for designing a multi-cloud strategy and highlighting the importance of data management tools that can work across public cloud, private cloud and traditional on-premises environments.
Steady continued growth will be the theme. Normally lagging adopters will start to become more comfortable with moving more and more operations to the Cloud.
The multi-cloud conversation will only get louder. As large organizations strive to ensure IT flexibility (avoid lock-in) and complete vendor redundancy, tools that support platform independence (such as Kubernetes, cross-cloud services, and open source solutions) will become more prominent and valuable to large enterprises.
The cloud market share grab will continue in 2019 among the top players (AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, Alibaba Cloud, etc) with the players providing the most compelling business and IT applications getting increasing market share. This is where complex real-time analytics solutions, such as graph analytics, will take the wheel in terms of driving stickiness for the cloud platform. I expect actionable insights from data in the cloud driving concrete business outcomes will finally become a focus for CIOs and CFOs making cloud platform decisions.
Kubernetes will contribute to increased multi-cloud adoption. More organizations are adopting containers so their software can be migrated quickly and reliably between computing environments. Containerization at scale is possible through orchestration tools, led by Kubernetes, an open source tool known for its robustness in deploying and managing container-based applications.
Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services recently began offering Kubernetes services, making it easier for organizations to deploy their applications across multiple cloud platforms and implement multi-cloud strategies. In fact, our research through Cloud Catalog confirms this, showing an increase in job postings that mention Kubernetes alongside AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform.
Multi-cloud is here to stay. Organizations aren’t going back to a single cloud anytime soon.
Shiv Deepak, Engineering Manager, HackerRank
Configuration management systems like Chef, Puppet, and Ansible will be largely replaced by container orchestration tools such as Docker, Kubernetes and Helm Charts.
Jawahar Malhotra, Senior Vice President of Engineering, HackerRank
The world of CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery) is being shaken up by container and container orchestration technology. Kubernetes is absolutely essential to successfully managing large container deployments, while Docker brings numerous advantages for applications. When done right, container orchestration tools can greatly decrease the complexity of working with infrastructure. As containers become the norm in 2019, DevOps engineers will have to adapt to this new toolchain.
As a result of the move to hyperscale computing, data centers have evolved, but enterprise’s legacy systems have been stranded on inflexible infrastructure as more and more workloads migrate to the cloud. These stranded workloads come as data centers are increasingly consolidating into vast hyperscale cloud data centers, compounding pressure to move legacy systems to the cloud. Businesses will increasingly turn to these hyperscale data centers, and the public cloud market will gravitate towards the big three of Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform, as their scale increases versus competitors – except in China where Alibaba remains strong.
Increase in adoption of cloud and the proliferation of new cloud solutions and services. The proliferation of new cloud solutions and services will continue in 2019 driven by customers who are looking to move faster into the cloud in the coming years. All industries are looking for a stable and secure infrastructure for information management in the cloud. This includes previously cloud-weary sectors such as manufacturing, financial services, legal, life sciences, and government. In fact, life sciences is one area where we are seeing customers move more aggressively to the cloud than ever before. Also – workloads matter. Typical workloads that are moving to the cloud faster are things like HR, contracts, legal, collaboration, digital asset management etc.
Higher demand for flexible hybrid cloud deployments. In the last year, organizations have realized the benefits of hybrid deployments, such as helping to minimize risk and cost while allowing organizations to leverage the efficiency and scale of the cloud. The vast majority of the organizations we work with – The largest corporations and governments in the world – leverage hybrid-cloud infrastructure. Examples include keeping the system of record on-premise, while enabling the system of collaboration in the cloud – both tightly integrated such that it is seamless to the user. In 2019, companies will demand even more flexible hybrid deployments, including “multi-cloud” deployments leveraging services from many different vendors and blending both public and private clouds for maximum impact.
Advancements in the availability of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies will enable actionable insights in the right place, right time and right context. Imagine if a procurement manager gets an insight that lets them know that the contracts they are negotiating are not giving them the best terms since the benchmark in the industry was different. Or imagine if a marketing manager is creating content for a campaign and is given the ability to do image compare by actually clicking on the sections in the image that are different – and why they are different. Simple insights like these will save users hundreds of hours of wasted time – but to enable them will require an extremely smart AI service which connects with the content and data. Given the advancements in the availability of this technology – 2019 will be an exciting time to enable these type of “magical” use cases.
The intersection of IoT and blockchain will create tangible benefits for customers. Imagine a world of smart contracts that are used by freight forwarders and carriers, where a ship can get authorized to enter a dock purely based on a smart contract that has been validated using the blockchain ledger. This can be game-changing for the shipping industry and save them millions of dollars. Smart contracts will be powered by the cloud and enabled anywhere. Another technology that will gain traction is containerization. Containerization will start to create tangible benefits to customers by reducing TCO of solutions in the cloud.
The connected and intelligent enterprise will continue to become more dispersed and more collaborative thanks to the cloud. With the cloud, workers can access important documents, information, and systems from virtually anywhere – enabling remote workforces and real-time collaboration. The cloud will also continue to change how the enterprise stores, manages and secures information. Regulatory pressure and new privacy concerns may also lead to more investment and focus on security and information management in the cloud.
Over the last three years, Azure growth among MSPs has skyrocketed, from 47 percent to 67 percent. This will grow even more next year and can be attributed to two major factors: relationships and product familiarity. Some MSPs have been working with Microsoft for 15 years, and have their sales rep on speed dial. Starting over with AWS or Google Cloud Platform is a daunting endeavor. Also, Microsoft is making it easy to move on-premises applications to Azure. Microsoft is not just building the infrastructure for MSPs to use, but they are also building the apps and services on top of that, making the transition to the cloud that much easier. Microsoft owns the MSP market and growth will continue in 2019.
Companies move to the cloud for two reasons: reducing expenses and improving developer efficiencies. As competition between cloud vendors escalate, we expect to see each vendor striving to outdo the others in making developers more efficient — how much routine work can get handled by cloud providers, letting developers focus on creating business value? This goes beyond serverless and will include features like automated built-in monitoring, network traffic shaping (i.e. application-level throttling and routing), fault detection, metadata analysis, governance and more. We are seeing tiny bits of this today, especially on GCP, and expect to see a lot more of this in the near future.
Significant investment and growth in the serverless space as vendors address the gaps in both the development model and the operations model. Yes, you still need ops capabilities for serverless — things like monitoring, troubleshooting tools, cost optimization, and governance never go away.
Kubernetes are on a clear path to becoming the next data center platform in 2019, replacing the previous generation of VM-based architectures. As business demands continue to increase, Kubernetes’ rapid deployments and scalability will continue to be an attractive option for enterprises in today’s IT revolution.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.