Codeless Test Automation: The Biggest Software Testing Trend of 2021
Besides CI/CD integrations and multiple types of testing coverage, codeless test automation also solves the issue of coding skills for non-programmers.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
Codeless test automation is arising as a promising solution for non-programmers during the software development cycle. Organizations are attempting to solve fast-tracking software delivery and the technical effort it takes to test. That's where software testing is switching from manual testing to codeless automation testing tools to validate applications.
Besides CI/CD integrations and multiple types of testing coverage, codeless test automation also solves the issue of coding skills resulting in more and faster releases. Thus, simplifying the testing processes for QA teams no matter how sophisticated the software is.
Traditional Selenium Script-Based Testing and Modern Codeless Testing
However, Selenium requires users to possess advanced programming skills to leverage test automation. Meanwhile, codeless automation testing tools are built on AI and visual modeling that allows faster test case creation without any coding knowledge. Therefore, modern testing automation solves the biggest issue of Selenium which is QA teams’ programming expertise and effort. Using these tools, QA teams do not need to follow step-by-step manual coding like before or outsource automation specialists when in need of human resources.
In addition to user-friendly GUI, modern codeless testing tools provide built-in instructions, tutorials, and a strong community of testing specialists. QA experts can perform product development at a quicker pace with more sophisticated test data, regardless of their technical levels. Thus, time and effort are minimized from generating the automation framework until maintaining the output.
Codeless Test Automation A to Z
What is codeless test automation?
Codeless test automation means creating automated tests without writing any scripts. Most of the codeless testing tools provide built-in features, which translate simple user interactions to code. Those features include the record and playback tool, the drag and drop interface, machine learning, and AI capabilities that enhance test reusability, better stability, and almost no maintenance required for QA teams.
How can we maximize the potential of codeless test automation?
Codeless test automation tools can flexibly build-up test case designs based on a very simple principle — when a tester runs a test, the tool will record it click by click, and test scripts are made accordingly in the back-end. Hence, QA experts have more room for functionality assurance and extensive customization.
Most of the codeless tools are Selenium-based platforms ideal for continuous testing and regression testing. Even though codeless tools can not replace Selenium or other necessary application elements entirely, they can run these repetitive testing methods to reduce considerable resources wasted.
Why Should We Switch From Manual Testing to Codeless Test Automation?
Wider coverage of application types
Codeless test automation helps to cover multiple types of applications, including Web, Desktop, Mobile, and Virtual applications. More specifically, this means automated tests can deploy many interfaces across applications simultaneously.
Shorten the time of automation
The testing process can start automating the test cases as soon as UI development is finished without wasting time, manual coding, and frameworks. This makes it possible to run repetitive test practices and meet the demand for scalability and ROI in business.
Enhance test reusability
Codeless testing tools come with AI-based mechanisms for automatically fixing and maintaining tests. They constantly update changes in the application during run-time, which simplifies the maintenance of application objects in test suites.
Strengthen Agile methodology
Team members from various business functions regardless of technical skills can take part in the testing practices. This enhances better information exchange and more effective team collaboration.
What to Look For in A Codeless Testing Tool
Automation Framework Support
A codeless testing tool should be a comprehensive automation testing solution that can solely handle an entire automation framework. For instance, tools like Katalon Studio ensures smooth team collaboration and feedback processes by integrating essential test elements like IDE. Moreover, Katalon TestOps can export insightful reports and analytics for test revision among many other development steps of its ecosystem.
Simple Test Automation
The customer segmentation of a codeless testing solution should include both programmers, beginners who do not possess thorough programming knowledge, and QA team members who have just started with test automation but still want to maximize its potential. Built-in frameworks, predefined test methods, and an advanced recorder contained in any good automation testing tool like Katalon Studio, address better customer experience during their test projects.
Furthermore, what makes codeless tools stand out from other API tools is their Smart Wait feature integration which solves certain failures related to Wait practice (see Wait-Time). Smart Wait supports many built-in “Wait for...” keywords to handle the flakiness problem during test practices.
More Efficient Test Coverage
Most sound codeless tools automate tests for API, Web browsers, Desktop, iOS, and Mobile Applications. They apply mainly to selected few languages, such as Katalon primarily applies to Java and Groovy to test case scripts, thus these language learners can get familiar with the tool too. It also provides seamless integrations with Cucumber Runner for BDD and Jira, which accelerates the feedback process among Agile team members. These integrations are the primary factor enhancing more efficient management, execution, and team collaboration for a successful DevOps project.
Improved Test Maintenance
The increasing usage of AI/ML in developing test tools allows them to self-heal at runtime. The Smart Xpath feature of codeless testing tools can dynamically detect UAT changes, and modify application elements on the fly, then auto-heal during runtime without changing anything in the pre-recorded test.
Lastly, the Katalon auto-healing function can identify specific objects from an image with the upgraded Visual Object Recognition support. The image patterns gained by AI/ML algorithms can fast forward the testing of UI interfaces in the Agile environment where there are new update releases in smaller batches.
Codeless testing is expected to become one of the biggest automation testing trends in 2021. Carefully considering the pros and cons of each testing tool, you can determine your most suitable tool based on your project workflow, covered platforms, programming languages, and team capabilities.
Published at DZone with permission of Oliver Howard. See the original article here.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.