3 Common Project Management Methodologies in Software Management
This article is a moderate attempt to introduce readers who are interested in software project management with 3 commonly used project management methodologies.
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Good product project management has become a crucial part of the product-making cycle. Especially in software engineering, where brand new technologies are updated and created constantly to reflect the increased complexity of their counterpart hardware components.
According to the Project Management Institute, project management is defined as "Project management, then, is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements."
Why Is Project Management Methodology Important?
Good software engineering project management methodologies are important because of the following reasons:
- Improve knowledge management and project documentation.
- Ensures repeatability, consistency, and sustainability for the project.
- Well-tested frameworks to concentrate joint efforts (language, processes, project templates,…) in managing projects.
Now, we equip readers who are interested in software project management with an overview of three commonly used project management methodologies: Agile, Kanban, and Waterfall. Let’s get started!
1. Agile Project Management
Agile Project Management is undoubtedly one of the most well-known general-purpose project management methodologies. A spinoff of the famous agile software development and software development methodology of the same name.
What is The Purpose of APM?
First off, when you start a project using APM as the sole method. You need to divide the project’s requirements into smaller but concrete tasks. If there are multiple teams working on the project, the above tasks can deliver to each team and they will decide which task they should work on first.
On the other hand, the primary focus of APM is to collaborate both within the project staff and with customers. You have checkpoints to check in with customers’ expectations and satisfaction. It is because of this strategic focus that your teams can quickly adapt to changes in new requirements but still be able to make incremental, yet sustained improvements to the project.
Disadvantages of APM
There have been a lot of discussions about "Agile going wrong." What happens is that if we use APM incorrectly, it can make workers stressed out and less efficient due to unrealistic requirements in the project. Furthermore, APM is not suitable for products that do not change a lot over a long period of time.
2. Kanban Project Management
Kanban Project Management (KPM) did not actually share the same origin as the former project management methodology. As the name suggests, KPM was the Japanese automaker Toyota’s "just-in-time" production system.
What is The Purpose of KPM?
The actual process of applying KPM to your project is then continuously improved over time from both internal and external feedback. Like most agile approaches, KPM breaks requirements into more easily manageable tasks. We can define tasks in a specific way so there are fewer tasks than when you don’t use KPM.
However, one thing that makes Kanban stand out is that Kanban limits work in process. A team should only work on one task at a time! Meaning the team shouldn’t switch to different tasks before finishing the current one.
Disadvantages of KPM
Due to the rapid changes in requirements, teams need to use to make adjustments to the product. On a different note, the one-task-at-a-time means that a team that has adapted well to multitasking and a large number of tasks can stumble when using KPM.
3. Waterfall Project Management
A short contrast to the two above project management methodologies. The Waterfall Project Management (WPM), with its step-by-step approach, originated from industrial engineering, such as construction and manufacturing.
What is The Purpose of WPM?
Therefore, requirements and tasks must be transparent from the start, and there should be little to no changes to the project later. As a result, detailed documentation can write and provide for project members to reference.
The most striking aspect of WPM that distinguishes it from its counterpart, Agile, is that WPM splits requirements into a consecutive sequence of tasks. Each has to complete prior to the subsequent ones.
Disadvantages of WPM
WPM is notoriously inflexible because of its linearity-driven approach, unlike Agile’s multi-linearity. Even with a slow-changed software product, a new customer requirement means that you might need to recreate the product from scratch.
Each project management methodology has different pros and cons. Depending on the input (what customers want, what the team can do) and output (customers’ feedback and satisfaction), project managers will choose proper project management for the project.
Published at DZone with permission of Huyen Pham. See the original article here.
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