Continuous Documentation With Antora and Travis

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Continuous Documentation With Antora and Travis

Learn how to set up continuous documentation with Travis and Antora, a a documentation pipeline.

· DevOps Zone ·
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Antora is a documentation pipeline that enables docs, product, and engineering teams to create, manage, remix, and publish documentation sites composed in AsciiDoc and sourced from multiple versioned content repositories.

You can see several examples out there from Couchbase documentation to Fedora documentation. And of course, Antora documentation is used to generate Antora documentation. You can see it here.

So basically we have our project with documents in adoc format. Then what we want is regenerating the documentation every time a PR is merged to master.

In our project, we are using Travis-CI as CI server, so I am going to show you how we have done.

First of all, you need to create a .travis.yml file on the root of your project.

sudo: required

  - docker
       - git-core
       - git

language: java
  - oraclejdk8

  - '[ $(git log --format=%B  $TRAVIS_COMMIT_RANGE | grep -i "#doc" | wc -l) -gt 0 ] && FORCE_DOC_GEN=0 || FORCE_DOC_GEN=1'
  - MODIFIED_DOCS=$(git diff --name-only $TRAVIS_COMMIT_RANGE | grep -E 'README.adoc|^documentation/.*.adoc$' | wc -l)
  - '[ $BRANCH == "master" ] && [ $MODIFIED_DOCS -ge 1 ] && GENERATE_DOC=0 || GENERATE_DOC=1'
  - 'if [ $FORCE_DOC_GEN == 0 ] || [ $GENERATE_DOC == 0 ]; then
      git config user.name "${GH_USER}";
      git config user.email "${GH_EMAIL}";
      git config remote.origin.fetch +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*;
      git fetch --unshallow origin gh-pages;
      git worktree add -b gh-pages gh-pages origin/gh-pages;
      GH_REF=$(git remote get-url origin | awk "{sub(/https:\/\//,\"https://${GH_TOKEN}@\")}; 1" | awk "{sub(/\.git/, \"\")} 1");
      docker pull antora/antora:1.1.1;

  - 'if [ $FORCE_DOC_GEN == 0 ] || [ $GENERATE_DOC == 0 ]; then
      docker run -v $TRAVIS_BUILD_DIR:/antora --rm -t antora/antora:1.1.1 --pull --stacktrace site-gh-pages.yml;

  - 'if [ $FORCE_DOC_GEN == 0 ] || [ $GENERATE_DOC == 0 ]; then
      cd gh-pages;
      touch .nojekyll;
      git add .;
      git commit -m"Publishes new documentation";
      git push --quiet "${GH_REF}" gh-pages > /dev/null 2>&1;

First, we define what we want to use. In this case docker and git.

Then in before_install section, we are detecting if we need to regenerate documentation or not.

Basically, we are going to generate documentation in two conditions:

  1. If commit message contains the word doc, then docs should be regenerated.
  2. If you have modified an adoc file from the documentation folder (or README.adoc) and the branch is master, then the docs should be regenerated.

If any of these conditions are met, then we configure git client with user, email, and token to be used for pushing the generated documentation. Notice that this information comes from environment variable defined in Travis console. Also, it is important to note that the documentation should be generated in gh-pages branch (since we are releasing to GitHub pages). For this reason, we are using git worktree which checkouts the gh-pages branch in gh-pages directory.

Then in script section, we are just using Antora docker image to render documentation.

Finally, we just need to enter into gh-pages directory, create a .nojekyll file to avoid Git Hub Pages thinks that this is a Jekyll site, and finally push the changes.

And then for PR merged, the documentation is automatically regenerated and published.

Important: This script is based on one done previously by Bartosz Majsak (@majson) for Asciidoctor. My task has been only adapting it to use Antora.

devops ,ci/cd ,documentation ,tutorial ,antora ,travis

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