Drupal has a vibrant community just like its counterpart Wordpress. Drupal is a free, open-source PHP content management system for building web sites and applications. It helps you to launch, manage, and scale ambitious digital experiences very quickly.
Drupal is a registered trademark of Dries Buytaert. Dries founded Drupal and made the initial release public in 2001. Since then, Drupal has grown in leaps and bounds. The latest Drupal release is 8.3.5 at the time of writing.
Let's Get Started
Without much ado, let's build our first website with Drupal. Head over to Drupal's website and download the latest release. You can download either the
zip file. Simply download the zipped file, extract it, and copy it to your workspace.
Note: Ensure you have a fully functional local PHP server.
Navigate to the extracted Drupal folder and run the app:
php -S localhost:8000
Right now, the website should open in your browser and take you to the installation page:
Select the Standard Profile.
Proceed with installation.
Now, go ahead and configure your site:
Once you are done configuring, save and continue. You will be redirected to the dashboard.
Let's add a few pages to our new Drupal website. Click on
add content in the Tools section to your left. You will be redirected to a new page. Click on
Basic Page, then add the title and body.
Click on the
URL PATH SETTINGS on the right and give the new page a URL alias,
/about. Then hit the
Save and Publish button.
You can create several pages on your website using this simple process. Next, let's focus on authentication.
Fortunately, Drupal comes with a basic user authentication system. The moment we configured our site, it registered the site maintenance account details and created the first user with those credentials. Log out and try to log in again.
A new user can easily create an account too:
This is good. However, it is limited. If you want other forms of authentication such as Social Logins and Single Sign On functionalities, then you need to look for alternatives. Thankfully, Auth0 takes care of all your authentication needs.
Authentication With Auth0
Auth0 is a cloud-based service that makes authentication a breeze. It allows us to issue JSON Web Tokens(JWTs). Auth0 offers a generous free tier so you can get started with modern authentication right away.
- Download the auth0-drupal zip file
- Head over to
- Select the
auth0-drupalzipped file from your local computer and click install.
- After installing successfully, head over to the modules section,
http://localhost:8000/admin/modules, check the
Auth0module and click the install button to activate the Auth0 module.
- Go to
https://manage.auth0.com, click on the
new clientbutton, select web application as the type of app and create the client. In the
http://localhost:8000/auth0/callbackto the Allowed Callback URLs section. Add
http://localhost:8000to Allowed Origins (CORS).
- Head over to
http://localhost:8000/admin/config/auth0. Here, we'll add our Auth0 credentials. Copy the
Client Secretfrom your Auth0 dashboard and paste it here. Also select
HS256as the JWT Algorithm like so:
Note: HS256 is the default algorithm. Check out this excellent article to see why RS256 is recommended. Again, you can still use HS256 like I used here.
- Select the
http://localhost:8000/admin/config/auth0. Check the box for
Redirect login for SSOand save. We are doing that to ensure the system uses the Auth0 hosted lock page.
It is very important to take note of this step. Open the source code of your app in a text editor or IDE. Open the
composer.json file and add this to the
"auth0/auth0-php": "^5.0", "ircmaxell/random-lib": "^1.2"
require section of your
composer.json file should look like this:
"composer/installers": "^1.0.24", "wikimedia/composer-merge-plugin": "~1.4", "auth0/auth0-php": "^5.0", "ircmaxell/random-lib": "^1.2"
composer update in your terminal to install all the dependencies. Look at the terminal and ensure the
auth0-php library was installed.
Go ahead and run your app again. Click on login. You will be redirected to the Auth0 Hosted Lock page and shown the sign in the widget.
Oh, snap! That's all? Is it that simple? Yes, it is! You can check out the source code for reference.
Well done! You have just built your first site with Drupal. As we saw in this tutorial, you can easily add authentication to your Drupal sites/apps. This tutorial is designed to help you get started on building your own web sites and applications with Drupal. You can leverage the knowledge gained here to build bigger and better web sites.