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Create a Custom Solr QueryParser for Fun and Profit

In this post, I'll show you what you need to do to implement a custom Solr QueryParser.

In this post, I'll show you what you need to do to implement a custom Solr QueryParser.

Step 1

Extend the QParserPlugin:

public class TestQueryParserPlugin extends QParserPlugin {
  public void init(NamedList namedList) {
  }

  @Override public QParser createParser(String s, SolrParams localParams, SolrParams params, SolrQueryRequest req) {
    return new TestQParser(s, localParams, params, req);
  }
}

This is the class you'll define in solrconfig.xml, informing Solr of your queryparser. Define it like so:

<queryParser name="myfunparser" 
class="org.supermind.solr.queryparser.TestQParserPlugin"/>

Step 2

Extend QParser:

  public class TestQParser extends QParser {
    public TestQParser(String qstr, SolrParams localParams, SolrParams params, SolrQueryRequest req) {
      super(qstr, localParams, params, req);
    }

    @Override public Query parse() throws SyntaxError {
      return null;
    }
  }

Step 3

Actually implement the parsing in the parse() method.

Suppose we want to make a really simple parser for term queries, which are space-delimited. Here's how I'd do it:

@Override public Query parse() throws SyntaxError {
      String defaultField = req.getSchema().getDefaultSearchFieldName();
      QueryParser.Operator defaultOperator = QueryParser.Operator.valueOf(req.getSchema().getQueryParserDefaultOperator());
      BooleanClause.Occur op = (defaultOperator == QueryParser.Operator.AND) ? BooleanClause.Occur.MUST : BooleanClause.Occur.SHOULD;
      String[] arr = qstr.split(" ");
      BooleanQuery bq = new BooleanQuery(true);
      for(String s: arr) {
        if(s.trim().length() == 0) continue;
        bq.add(new TermQuery(new Term(defaultField, s)), op);
      }
      return bq;
    }

Step 4

In your query, use the nested query syntax to call your QueryParser:

http://localhost:8983/solr/collection1/select?q={!myfunparser}foo+bar+car

Maybe in a follow-up post I'll include the full code with jars and all.

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