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CSS media queries in JavaScript

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CSS media queries in JavaScript

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I like the media queries feature added to CSS 3, that allows web application developers or designers to define styling sheets for a range of output devices. A media query consists of a media type and one or more expressions that limits the style sheet scope. I was wondering if JavaScript can be used to update the elements in page, say changing the source attribute of an image based on the device width. Turns out there is a function matchMedia which accepts a media query string as input and returns the result.

Here's how it works:

if (window.matchMedia('only screen and (max-width: 480px)').matches) //do something

The matchMedia function accepts a media query string and returns an object of type MediaQueryList. The matches property returns a boolean value true if the document matches the media query list. I wrote a very simple page that changes the image source when the window is resized, here's the code:

function onresize(event){ 
var deviceImage = document.getElementById('device-image'); 
//device is a phone 
if (window.matchMedia('only screen and (max-width: 480px)').matches) { 
deviceImage.src = "phone.png"; 
//device is a tablet 
else if (window.matchMedia('only screen and (min-width: 481px) and (max-width: 1024px)').matches) { 
deviceImage.src = "tablet.png"; 
//device is a notebook 
else { 
deviceImage.src = "notebook.png"; 

//change the image when window is resized 
window.addEventListener('resize', onresize, false); 

//show the image based on the device width 

Resize the window 
<div align="center"> 
<img id="device-image" src="notebook.png" /> 

Here I'm checking for the min-width and max-width properties and then based on these values I'm changing the source attribute of the image. Here's the working demo:


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Published at DZone with permission of Sagar Ganatra, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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