Data Breaches: All Your Fault
Learn more about the most recent data breaches.
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One part of my job is to understand the compliance landscape. This means that I read a lot about GDPR and similar laws. I also have to read a lot about data breaches in order to understand how and where laws like the GDPR apply to them, and how they happened so that I can better prepare people through good DevOps practices to prevent them.
The more I read about data breaches, the more I realize:
It’s you. It’s your fault.
Don’t believe me? Let’s walk through a few recent data breaches together.
Passwords? We Don’t Need Stinking Passwords.
The Collection #1 data that represents 21 million unique email addresses and passwords for a combination of up to more than 700 million were found by Troy Hunt… on a data store with no password. Granted, this wasn’t a business. It’s actually a hacker collection of previous data breaches, but still.
Fine, let’s talk about business then. How about 24 million loan records, including bank account information, email, phones, social security numbers, and all the rest. Yeah, that was sitting on an Elasticsearch database with no password of any kind. Oh, and the S3 storage was completely open, too. Security? Is that still a thing?
How about exposing your entire client list because you left the password off the database (Elasticsearch again, is it hard to add a password to Elasticsearch). How about stacks of resumes (ElasticSearch, again, and MongoDB).
Those are just breaches from this year. If we go back, we can find more and more. Please, put a password on your systems. Speaking of passwords…
Passwords. They’re my only weakness.
According to IdAgent, 63 percent of all data breaches come from weak or stolen passwords. But hey, don’t believe them. Let’s talk to the Dudley Council who has evidently not had a data breach (but how do they know), but nonetheless is reporting poor security in their systems.
SQL Injection? I thought you were dead.
We’ve known about SQL Injection and the possibilities it opens up for hacking since 1998. That’s longer than my kids have been alive. Surely, in all that time, we’ve figured out how to deal with SQL Injection, right?
How about 1.3 million records breached, from a college no less (can you say FERPA) due to SQL Injection. What about if you’re using Magento (better get that patched)? Are you a gamer? Might want to check your Epic Games account then, because they’ve been hacked through SQL Injection. Toyota has suffered from an attack in Tokyo that came from SQL Injection, not Godzilla.
And upgrades. You know main stream support for SQL Server 2014 is ending soon right?
This one is actually tough. This blog got hacked a couple of years ago because I wasn’t keeping up with security patches. Yeah, I’m telling you that it’s not just you, it’s me too. It’s us. Patch management is the first line of defense to protect against data breaches, and we’re not doing it.
How do I know (except for my own data breach)?
Remember the Equifax data breach? The information about exactly how everything went down almost two years ago is just now getting now. What do we know? They found the breach AFTER they applied a patch that they had put off for over a year.
What Do We Do Now? Game Over!
None of this addresses phishing, insider hacks, accidentally losing laptops and all the other things that are going wrong and causing these data breaches.
I get it. It’s probably not you directly. You told the boss that putting the database out without a password was a bad idea. You showed the organization how all the code they were writing was leading to exposure through SQL Injection. You’ve got a password that’s a little stronger than ‘password’ or ‘123456’. What else can you do?
It’s all about education. Sure, pass on the link to this blog or to one of the data breaches listed above. However, you, and your organization, have to do more. My strongest piece of advice? First, do a full-blown security assessment as outlined in the GDPR. Next, start implementing smart processes using DevOps as a model.
Let’s fix the things that we can in order to make these types of data breaches a thing of the past.
Published at DZone with permission of Grant Fritchey, DZone MVB. See the original article here.
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