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Detecting Performance Bottlenecks in Apache httpd Server

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Detecting Performance Bottlenecks in Apache httpd Server

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 “A problem well put is half solved.” ― John Dewey

One of the most important things to well detect a performance issues in a LAMP system is understand the actual processes that causing the issues.

What should we do?
One way to start with is properly configure the Apache logging in a way that we will get fine details about every request performance.

Key Apache httpd Parameters
%B Size of response in bytes, excluding HTTP headers.
%D The time taken to serve the request, in microseconds.
%{VARNAME}e The contents of the environment variable VARNAME.
%T The time taken to serve the request, in seconds.
%X Connection status when response is completed

How to Configure?
Modify your httpd.conf file according to the following article:

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%{X-Forwarded-For}i %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" proxy

How do we Analyze it?
Apache log files can be huge (a common case in systems that have some performance challenges).
A useful tool for analyzing the Apache logs, which Cnaan Aviv introduced to me, is GoAccess.
This tool generates reports, statistics and detects errors.

Bottom Line
When done right, solving performance issues is not a black magic. It just need to be done using a well defined method and the right tools.

Keep Performing,
Moshe Kaplan

Find scaling and performance issues before your customers do with our Introduction to High-Capacity Load Testing guide.


Published at DZone with permission of Moshe Kaplan, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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