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Determine Image Size

·
Attributed to Sam Stephenson:

IO.read('image.png')[0x10..0x18].unpack('NN')
=> [713, 54]

Homegrown,

GIF:

IO.read('image.gif')[6..10].unpack('SS')
=> [130, 50]

BMP:

d = IO.read('image.bmp')[14..28]
d[0] == 40 ? d[4..-1].unpack('LL') : d[4..8].unpack('SS')


JPEG (slightly more complex):

class JPEG
  attr_reader :width, :height, :bits

  def initialize(file)
    if file.kind_of? IO
      examine(file)
    else
      File.open(file, 'rb') { |io| examine(io) }
    end
  end

private
  def examine(io)
    raise 'malformed JPEG' unless io.getc == 0xFF && io.getc == 0xD8 # SOI

    class << io
      def readint; (readchar << 8) + readchar; end
      def readframe; read(readint - 2); end
      def readsof; [readint, readchar, readint, readint, readchar]; end
      def next
        c = readchar while c != 0xFF
        c = readchar while c == 0xFF
        c
      end
    end

    while marker = io.next
      case marker
        when 0xC0..0xC3, 0xC5..0xC7, 0xC9..0xCB, 0xCD..0xCF # SOF markers
          length, @bits, @height, @width, components = io.readsof
          raise 'malformed JPEG' unless length == 8 + components * 3
        when 0xD9, 0xDA:  break # EOI, SOS
        when 0xFE:        @comment = io.readframe # COM
        when 0xE1:        io.readframe # APP1, contains EXIF tag
        else              io.readframe # ignore frame
      end
    end
  end
end

From my blog entry about reading JPEG.
Topics:

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