Fedora vs Ubuntu: An Updated Comparison
This article is an updated comparison of Fedora and Ubuntu on the several different aspects of each so that you can determine which is right for you in 2021.
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Recently, I published an article that compares Fedora and Ubuntu in different aspects.
Ubuntu and Fedora both are genuinely famous operating systems. Often, people take them to be very similar to each other, but there is quite a meaningful difference between these two. Fedora is an environment more like a testing stage for the Red Hat developers, which is why it executes new updates as early as possible. Consequently, it’s unstable, thus expect a few bugs on it. Whereas, Ubuntu, is a Distro derived from Debian, proclaimed as stable and simple to utilize, its fundamental intent is to serve everything to every user, as it’s attempting to pick up the exposure by being an all-rounder. Be that as it may, it appears it did so sufficiently.
Ubuntu 20.10 and Fedora 33 Key Differences
|Parameter||Ubuntu 20.10||Fedora 33|
|Primary Aim||Serve everything to every user.||It is basically a testing ground for RHEL servers.|
|Base & Core language||It is a Debian-based Linux Distro.||It is a testing ground for developers of Red hat, more like a clone of RHEL.|
|For developers||It is suitable for programming.||It is too suitable for developing software.|
|For server||Ubuntu LTS is recommended for executing on servers.||Not recommended, regular updates, not stable.|
|For gaming||It Offers a gaming flavor for gamers. Ubuntu game pack||It has a different fedora spin for playing Linux games.|
|For machine learning||Recommended, support a wide range of tools for AI projects.||It can be used for machine learning, not a big gap there.|
|Packages support||It supports .dev packages||It supports .rpm packages.|
|Fast||Actually, not as fast as you might think because the Gnome distro is only a choice.||Its performance on Desktop is fast and can become faster by changing desktop environments.|
|Change in Commands||apt update apt install apt remove apt-cache search||DNF check-update DNF install DNF remove DNF search|
Ubuntu 20.10 vs Fedora 33 Key Comparison
Numerous Beginners think of Fedora as a distro derived from Red Hat enterprises, which is a totally off-base saying. In fact, Fedora is a clone presented by The Red hat enterprise. Next to this, it is a testing ground for red hat developers, as they can’t risk executing changes directly in their up and running server (RHEl). So, that kind of stuff is handled by Fedora. Not to mention, Fedora can be utilized for different work areas like Ubuntu.
Ubuntu is a pure Linux-distro derived from Debian. It can handle desktop as well as server running applications and has been supported by a well-known company, Canonical, over the years. Despite only Ubuntu, many other distributions are out there as part of the Ubuntu release such as XUbuntu, Kubuntu, etc.
Up to the mark, installing Ubuntu and Fedora on a machine is not rocket science. Ubuntu’s installation process is a lot more straightforward.
Fedora no doubt brings forth a more robust installer than Ubuntu called Anaconda Installer. For instance, you can have the freedom to pre-install and uninstall software and some meaningful, customizable options to apply, right up before booting. But, it is quite an advanced technique, even for experts. A large number of us don’t need such advanced highlights when installing.
Here, Ubuntu gets you covered. Ubuntu ships with the Ubiquity Installer, and is as straightforward as installing windows on a Desktop. No matter if this is your first attempt playing around with a Linux distro, I bet you wouldn’t find installing this difficult. Not only does it make the entire process easy, but also it’s very cooperative as it can smell out if you have already installed Windows OS, and this distro auto-detects and assists you in carrying out Dual-booting Windows & Ubuntu.
Desktop Environments handle the Main GUI, and both Ubuntu and Fedora, use the same DE; GNOME. Ubuntu’s Gnome differs from that of Fedora’s.
Fedora uses non-modified GNOME as the default Desktop environment; further, you have a wide range of preferences to use any DE other than Gnome. The thing to note here is that all of Fedora’s DE's are known as Fedora spins, and a collection is out there allowing you to choose one that you see meets the most with your taste. Most importantly, it should be the best fit for your desktop specs because they look and treat entirely different from each one.
Although Ubuntu comes with Gnome too as Fedora, it is a modified one. With that being said about Ubuntu’s Gnome, it is a customized version of the Unity Desktop environment (DE), which was the previous Ubuntu DE. Moreover, Ubuntu basically does not offer to change DEs within-the-box, as Canonical LTD only supports Gnome, making it a unique choice.
However, some volunteers have worked on it, expanding Ubuntu’s DE support, leading it out of the way. Simply put, they made Ubuntu compatible enough to work with other DEs, so now users can download an Ubuntu’s flavor with different DEs to change the GUI. Some of Ubuntu’s flavors include Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Kubuntu, etc. It would not be wrong to say that if we conclude here, each of Ubuntu’s DE's have a separate Ubuntu flavor.
Package managers are responsible for activities such as installing, deleting, updating, and uninstalling. If you’ve worked in Linux before, you may have enough understanding regarding this. What's more is, to conquer Linux functions, you must first understand the commands of different package managers.
In the case of Ubuntu and Fedora, both support different packages. Ubuntu’s packages are inherited from Debian-family while Fedora’s from Red hat Linux, apart from this, Fedora uses .dnf package manager, and Ubuntu’s package manager formatted in APT to look after their packages with commands. So now, let’s get a closer look at them.
Fedora shipped and used Yum package manager initially for a while to manage their .rpm packages. But, now, they have updated and opted for the .dnf package manager that works out with .rpm packages smoothly. All the newer versions of Fedora now use .dnf commands for the reason that it proved to be faster, more robust, more reliable than .yum.
We can't forget about Fedora’s early-updates. Like .yum, the .dnf also automates the process of updating essential packages as soon as a new version comes out.
Far and away, Ubuntu has the most robust package manager of Linux, which is APT, fully compatible working with .deb packages. After all, Ubuntu is slightly famous for being stable, that’s the main reason that the APT PM does not automate-updates, besides it requires an additional command for updating all the software manually.
Hardware and Driver Support
Generally speaking, Linux distros have been flagged as having a lack of hardware support since their beginnings, but it is true in some rare cases, in the event that we are comparing Ubuntu and Fedora with respect to which one bolsters a higher amount of hardware and driver support, Ubuntu is a stride ahead.
Fedora is obtained from Red Hat Linux, which means that Fedora has the idea of Linux profoundly. And when it comes to supporting, all the open-source hardware drivers that Linux can support are compatible with Fedora as well. Additionally, Fedora gets the latest version very soon.
Ubuntu, on the other hand, comes up with a plus point, in spite of the fact that it underpins all the hardware and drivers that Fedora can, but there is something more you can expect: That is; Ubuntu has been upheld by a well-known company Cononicial LTD, that made Ubuntu robust enough to support FOSS hardware (free and open-source) effortlessly.
In summary, Fedora can be customized for the sake of running FOSS hardware too, yet it will lead you to become an expert in Linux in the first place.
Fedora does not provide as much software to use as Ubuntu, due to the fact Fedora’s fan-base is comparatively lower than Ubuntu’s. Another point that impacted severely on Fedora is many well-known software developers whenever building a game or app, only tend to make it compatible working with .deb because of a large number of Linux distros ship with the .deb package. Shortly, they tend to focus on providing their apps to a great number of Linux users.
Ubuntu is jumping forward with regards to serving software, an ocean of games, apps, are out there in ubuntu’s repository, along with that, the numerous number of software developers now have started targeting Linux users also. Altogether, you can not only grab the Linux base software but also tools from third-parties too. So, it makes a positive point towards Ubuntu.
Ubuntu has two versions, Ubuntu LTS and Ubuntu, the difference between them is their release Cycle. A new Ubuntu LTS version releases after every two years, and is supported for five years, it suits better for people who don’t want to bear with regular updating and prefer stability.
Next to that, there is the Ubuntu regular version, also known as Ubuntu non-LTS.
Both non-LTS Ubuntu and Fedora have the same release cycle, which is six months, and each update is supported for 15 months only, which means you must update them every nine months.
Preferably, people who tend to get updates as soon as possible use them, so whenever a new feature has been added, they can give it a shot.
A vast community in the shape of forums is out there for both in case you face any troubleshooting. Most likely, you’ll get resolved the issue sooner than later from there.
So, if we run a comparison here, Ubuntu again leads here. Because Ubuntu has a more extensive user base, it has two pretty big community forums - Ubuntu forums and Ask Ubuntu. In contrast, Fedora has only one forum, the Fedora community. Not to mention, the support you will get from there is quite reliable, and perhaps you will resolve your problem by just searching around there as maybe someone asked a similar question already and got the working solution.
So, Which One Should You Use in 2021? Fedora or Ubuntu?
Machine Learning Projects
Ubuntu is on top for machine learning in comparison with Fedora, but Ubuntu’s official support for tools like KubeFlow, Kubernetes, Docker, CUDA, etc can’t be ignored. So, it makes sense why Ubuntu gets the first position overall.
On the other hand, Fedora is the second popular OS from Linux-family. The advanced support, regular updates, lead it to hold the second position. It basically is an environment; thus it plays well when you think your project needs to be run from a server or a cloud, by then you better go with Fedora as it is already being used for running RHEL servers, you will get a better environment there.
Programming or Developing
There are no significant pros or cons here. Fedora and Ubuntu both offer plenty of code editors, libraries to work with, and backpacks tools as well. So far, the main difference you may see is community support. You should point this out too before choosing one so that in the future, you can get help from there, as developers usually need this.
Apart from this, if you wish to program on an outdated computer or laptop and want to consume the smallest resources possible, then Fedora will lead you better. This is because you can choose a GUI with low resource-consumption within-the-box.
Fedora and Ubuntu both are decent choices for playing games. If you have looked around for reviews or advice to point you out in the right direction, of whether you should use Fedora or Ubuntu, I predict you hardly find any worthy content on the matter.
These two almost equally share the same hardware support because they both belong to Linux-kernel. It is true that Fedora will lead you to go through some complexity. However, for playing games only, a gamer figures first out fundamental support for drivers such as gamepads, graphics cards, and sometimes wifi-adapters. And on-the-spot, they both satisfy a gamer by bringing forth many drivers by default.
Apart from this, when it comes to looking at their gaming-support capabilities, you’ll see Ubuntu is ahead. Numerous games are compatible with Ubuntu, but not with Fedora. This is because Fedora has many dependencies for installing packages like WINE and LUTRIS. In the end, it’s not a big deal, you only have to make some additional efforts to deal with such types of issues.
Keeping all of that in mind, you are better getting started with Ubuntu as long as you are a newbie. Fedora is also a good way to go if you can handle installing games along with dependencies in the first place. The overall experience will be buttery-smooth while playing games.
Suppose you’re a developer or a gamer, in short, you need to receive updates early as possible. In that case, you might feel comfortable with Fedora; however, the gaming-side of Fedora is not extensive to play some trendy games; still, you may find it convenient. I must say here, the developers-end of Fedora is more popular, as numerous developers are now switching from Ubuntu to Fedora, for the reason that Fedora is an environment for Red hat developers, not a Distro.
Ubuntu comes up with an admirable goal, and it would not be a wrong definition that Ubuntu tends to gain market share by serving everything to everyone. That’s why some people proclaimed Ubuntu is a “Jack of all, expert of none," which seems to hit hard, indeed!
Here is the explanation: there is Ubuntu for desktop, servers, touch for phones and mobile, and also Ubuntu Mate for ARM. Ubuntu has tried Unity but adopted Gnome recently. If you do a little bit of research regarding Ubuntu’s uses, pros, and cons in the areas of its uses, then probably you will end up saying something similar to what we have concluded.
Not to mention, Ubuntu has always been the most recommended Linux distro for beginners. On top of that, its targeted audience mostly comes from ex-window users.
Published at DZone with permission of shahidsidd. See the original article here.
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