Blockly is a visual language that has been in use since at least 2011. It is used by and is an integral part of a number of projects and systems:
|Blockly Games Games for tomorrow's programmers.|
|App Inventor IDE for Android apps from MIT.|
|Code.org K-12 computer science.|
|OzoBlockly Programming line-following robots.|
|Wonder Workshop Robots for play and education.|
|Open Roberta Programming Lego EV3 robots.|
|Gamefroot Make, play and share games.|
|Gameblox Introduction to Game Design from MIT.|
|Made with Code Encouraging girls to code.|
scriptr.io Powering your Internet of Things.
I personally have used the MIT AppInventor to create android phone and tablet clients for speech applications. For me, the system was attractive because it allowed me to quickly assemble a speech based Android client as an input-output channel for the conversation management systems I develop. Without any Android development experience, I was able to learn and implement a working alpha prototype in less than two hours. All the complicated details and syntax for what needed to be done are elegantly hidden in the simplicity of the blocks. After experimenting a bit and investing several more hours refining my alpha prototype, I now have a solid working beta platform that I use regularly as a demonstration portal for the features our AI-based conversation management system. I don't want to sound like an evangelist, but if you want to have a lot of fun creating a multimodal Android application in minutes then check out AppInventor. Watch a couple of the five-minute tutorial videos and build something yourself.
Most of the applications listed above as examples have the look and feel of an introductory educational system for children. But, this simplicity and elegance are also part of its power. Much of the difficulty in programming involves getting the syntax correct. With Blockly, the blocks only snap together where they are supposed to, and their shapes are easy-to-understand indicators of what goes together with what. And, the cool and surprisingly rewarding part of the experience of programming with Blockly is that when components do fit together properly, the programmer gets a clear audible verification "click". Programming is truly multimodal with Blockly.
In fact, I did create a Blockly version of the control language for our ejTalker conversation management server. It was featured in a SpeechTEK University tutorial in 2015:
STKU-8 – Advanced Dialogue Techniques for Intelligent Virtual Agents 1:00 p.m - 4:00 p.m
Emmett Coin, Speech Scientist - ejTalk
Intelligent virtual agents require advanced dialogue techniques. This workshop identifies and describes four interrelated dialogue techniques that enable virtual agents to act intelligently. This workshop goes over dynamically adjusting the dialogue context, based on recent user input; rephrasing the agent’s responses so they don’t sound repetitive; automatically generating conversational ellipsis (wording redundant with previous parts of the conversation) in the agent’s response for naturalness and efficiency; interpreting badly formed user utterances; and integrating information expressed by the user via multiple modalities. It presents examples illustrating each of these techniques using a simple graphic “blockly” notation. Emmett Coin also illustrates how to combine these techniques to form more powerful dialogue managers, using a layered approach to a dialogue design. This layering strategy is essential to manage dialogue design and implementation complexity as agent interactions become more open. Bring your laptop for a hands-on experience.
So, consider getting some real work done by playing with Blocks! Feel like a kid again, you deserve it.