Fluent Design Style Radio Button, Check Box, Menu And Choice Box For JavaFX
In a recent JMetro update, they released the new Fluent Design (FDS) styles. Click here to learn more about working with the FDS in JMetro.
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- New Radio Button style;
- New style for Check Box;
- New style for Menus;
- Updated style for Context Menu;
- New style for Choice Box.
JMetro New Version Details
I decided to, for now, switch focus off on the JMetro samples. I still styled the controls to look good and have a distinct appearance when they are focused, though. I’ve done this because the focus ring functions a bit different in Windows 10 than it does, by default, in JavaFX applications.
In JavaFX applications, the control gets focus (gets added to the
focused pseudo-class) whenever your mouse presses it, whereas in Windows you need to first press the Tab key or arrow keys (in some situations) to activate the focus system, making the focus ring appear. It will then cycle through until you get to the control you want.
This makes sense since, with this, the focus ring is only shown when the user does, indeed, want to interact with the application through the use of the keyboard. Because of this, it avoids this distraction.
You can still have this behavior in JavaFX, you just need to code it. I don’t know yet how new versions of Mac OS work in this regard (I don’t have a recent Mac to test this), but it could be a feature to add to JMetro, in the future.
Radio Button New Style
The following animations show the new style and old style of the Radio Button:
Radio Button OLD JMetro light style
Radio Button NEW JMetro light style
Radio Button OLD JMetro dark style
Radio Button NEW JMetro dark style
Check Box New Style
The Check Box has seen a significant change:
Check Box OLD JMetro light style
Check Box NEW JMetro light style
Check Box OLD JMetro dark style
Check Box NEW JMetro dark style
Since I changed the Check Box, for consistency sake, I also needed to change every other control that used a check mark before delivering a new version. These controls are the Choice Box and Menu.
New Choice Box Style
As I mentioned before, this is not a control that exists in the Fluent Design specification. It only exists in JMetro.
Choice Box OLD JMetro light style
Choice Box NEW JMetro light style
Choice Box OLD JMetro style
Choice Box NEW JMetro dark style
New Menu Style
This style is a new addition. It’s another one that only exists in JMetro. It doesn’t exist in the Fluent Design System specification, at least not yet.
This style comprises the Menu Bar and the Menu Items that show up when the Menu Bar is open, which themselves can be Menu Items of type “Check Box Menu Item” or “Radio Menu Item” (there can only be one
RadioMenuItem selected in the same
In the sample below, the “Picture Effect” sub-menu contains
MenuItems of type
RadioMenuItem, all belonging to the same
ToggleGroup, and the “View” menu contains
MenuItems of type
CheckMenuItem, which works pretty much like a
Menu JMetro light style
Menu JMetro dark style
New Context Menu Style
The Menu and Context Menu are interlinked. Both use
MenuItems for their content. So, while creating the new Menu style, I took the opportunity to also update the Context Menu style, again.
I changed the pressed and hover styles and made the
MenuItems even more compact, by reducing their height. In previous versions of JMetro, my intention was to have the touch targets big enough so that the application could be used without changing both in touch devices and mouse-based devices (desktop and laptop).
This proved to not be the best strategy as users of mouse-based devices ended up with applications that were not optimized for their system and controls that occupied too much space and wasted screen real estate. This is especially important in productivity applications.
For these reasons, JMetro is now optimized for mouse-based systems with controls occupying just the space they need to occupy. Whenever application developers need to distribute their applications in touch-based devices (phones, tablets, etc), they’ll need to just reconfigure the height through the CSS of each control (only the ones that need it) to be enough to conform with touch target sizes. This way they’ll get an application that is optimized for both touch-based devices and mouse-based devices with just a little bit more programming effort.
I may in the future add a “touch” style class that developers can easily toggle to switch controls to being touch based optimized or “mouse” optimized.
The following are animations of the new and old Context Menu style (before version 3). The old style only had one version:
Context Menu OLD JMetro dark style
And here are the new styles in this JMetro version:
Context Menu NEW JMetro light style
Context Menu NEW JMetro dark style
This was a big update to JMetro, which added five styles in total, including dark and light versions. New styles have been added to Radio Button, Check Box, Choice Box, Menu, and Context Menu.
JMetro now has styles for almost all JavaFX controls that ship with the SDK. It also adds new styles and new controls that don’t exist by default.
The new versions focus on optimizing screen real estate for each platform. More compact in mouse-based devices (laptops, desktops) and bigger controls in touch-based devices. Developers still need to configure each control’s CSS (those that need it), but that may be even easier in future versions.
I still haven’t updated the documentation for Java, JavaFX theme JMetro, I’ll be doing that in the upcoming days.
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Here’s what I have planned next:
- New style for Toggle Switch;
- New style for Slider;
- New style (including new animations) for Button;
- Easily specify colors of controls;
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