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Flutter vs. React Native App Development: Who Will Win the Race?

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Flutter vs. React Native App Development: Who Will Win the Race?

In this article, we discuss some basics behind both React Native and Flutter to give you a better idea of which is right for your next mobile app.

· Web Dev Zone ·
Free Resource

In order to create a good mobile application, you need to choose a fully-fledged platform and an appropriate SDK toolkit. Both React and Flutter have amazing features allowing you to craft beautiful and multi-functional apps. However, the choice between those two depends on what exactly you are planning to create. Let’s compare the programming possibilities of React and Flutter, their communities, and famous supporters.

Flutter Toolkit for Mobile App Development

Flutter’s history dates back to 2014 when, in pursuit of speed, the Google Chrome team experimented with rendering page content. The purpose of the experiment was to check if it is possible to speed up the rendering when abandoning the traditional layout model. At the same time, the team wanted to get rid of the backward compatibility burden that has accumulated across many years of the web’s existence. The basis for the experiments was the Blink engine, and the result was a 20-fold increase in productivity due to the following changes:

  • A simple set of restrictions affecting the location of an element (Box Model)  —  the minimum and maximum width and height.
  • Instead of a large number of commands that can be employed to any element, each component defines its own uncomplicated layout pattern (centering, padding, column).
  • A small set of rules allows you to crucially optimize the layout at the component level.
  • A simplistic model of restrictions, extending from the parent down the tree, made it possible to achieve a linear relationship between the number of elements in the tree and the layout time.

Everything happens so fast that Flutter does not separate the “creation” and “modification” of the nodes. Instead, in case of change to the parent widget, it invalidates the entire subtree. The result of this experiment was taken as a base when developing Flutter.

You may also like: A Look at React Native and React.js.

Flutter was originally a mixture of C ++ (part of the Blink engine) and JavaScript, which was used as the main language for writing code. But the developers had problems with JS. The team investigated more than a dozen languages and chose Dart as the most suitable.

The main advantages of Dart are:

  • AOT compilation. As a result, we have a workstation or x86 code with high speed on the user device.
  • JIT compilation. It makes it possible to run a project in a virtual machine on an emulator and implement a hot reload lasting less than one second while maintaining the application state.
  • Strict type system: forget about the choice between TS and Flow.
  • Tree shaking compiler. When you build the application, it removes all unused code.
  • Generational garbage collection. Quick memory allocation and cleaning.

Flutter appeared on the market not so long ago, but its popularity has grown in a very short time. Applications on it can be seen at Alibaba, Hamilton Musical, and Google Ads. Flutter is supported by the Android mobile app development studio, IntelliJ, and Visual Studio Code.

React Native Mobile App Development

React Native is a framework for creating cross-platform JavaScript applications. It allows you to write applications for iOS, Android, and even VR (you can create applications for helmets and virtual reality glasses on React VR). The first advantage of React is that its creator is Facebook, a leader in frontend development and a company that invests enormous resources in the development of its technologies. Facebook is actively developing React and React Native, creating an entire infrastructure and a powerful IT community around them.

Another advantage of the technology is the fast-growing community of companies that use the technology, invest in it, and support its development; GeekBrains, Yandex, Airbnb, Wix, Tesla, Soundcloud, Walmart. UberEats, FacebookGroups, and partially Instagram and Facebook are written on this framework.

With React Native, you can quickly compose a meaningful product that immediately starts working. Many mobile app developers were impressed by the speed with which they could write applications on multiple platforms from scratch. Also, you can use traditional JavaScript libraries, making React Native a truly royal solution. It is very convenient when the same library can be utilized to create mobile apps for Android and iPhone.

Conclusion

After determining what application they need to write, entrepreneurs and developers need to solve a difficult question: choose the right technology for developing this application. This choice depends on the purpose of the application and the platform on which the application will run. Each mobile application platform has an integrated development environment that provides tools that allow developers to code, test, and implement applications on this platform. For a big company that already uses React for web development, React Native would be a better choice. For developers that are used to working with Java and C#, Flutter might be the best option.


Further Reading

Topics:
app development ,flutter ,web dev ,react ,tutorial

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