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Hive Data Types

DZone's Guide to

Hive Data Types

· Big Data Zone ·
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Hive supports different data types to be used in table columns. The data types supported by Hive can be broadly classified in Primitive and Complex data types.

The primitive data types supported by Hive are listed below:

1. Numeric Types

  • TINYINT (1-byte signed integer, from -128 to 127)
  • SMALLINT (2-byte signed integer, from -32,768 to 32,767)
  • INT (4-byte signed integer, from -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647)
  • BIGINT (8-byte signed integer, from -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 to 9,223,372,036,854,775,807)
  • FLOAT (4-byte single precision floating point number)
  • DOUBLE (8-byte double precision floating point number)
  • DECIMAL (Hive 0.13.0 introduced user definable precision and scale)

2. Date/Time Types

  • TIMESTAMP
  • DATE

3. String Types

  • STRING
  • VARCHAR
  • CHAR

4. Misc Types

  • BOOLEAN
  • BINARY
Apart from these primitive data types Hive offers some complex data types which are listed below:

5. Complex Types

  • arrays: ARRAY<data_type>
  • maps: MAP<primitive_type, data_type>
  • structs: STRUCT<col_name : data_type [COMMENT col_comment], ...>
  • union: UNIONTYPE<data_type, data_type, ...>
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