How Is 5G Relevant in the Present Day?
New devices and applications are emerging in the market, taking advantage of the dramatically reduced latency and much higher throughput that 5G offers.
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As 2021 approached, 5G was predicted to reach around 34% of the global population in the next 4 years. How will 5G revolutionize the present scenario of the market? What are my predictions for a 5G-enabled future? What are the risks associated with 5G? Read this article to know what I expect from the 5G-enabled future.
5G networks are part of a major digital transformation trend that is impacting consumer, public sector, and enterprise spaces. New devices and applications are emerging in the market that takes advantage of the dramatically reduced latency and much higher throughput than 5G offers. Examples include accelerated adoption of smart cities, smart factories, next-generation in-store experiences, healthcare services autonomous cars, and much more. It’s an exciting time. By now, you are familiar with the excitement surrounding the 5G revolution.
A new technological revolution will begin with 5G, creating massive disruptions in perceiving and using tech. Let’s start by looking at what this technology is all about.
5G is no longer the technology of the future, but a current reality. Globally markets have already started to switch to 5G, which marks the beginning of a new era. This is the only technology created so far with a huge potential to elevate the use of the Internet of Things (IoT), foster an environment of interconnectivity, and sustain economic growth. 5G will bring along a plethora of benefits, such as increased data speed, lower latency on network response time, and higher reliability.
According to Ericsson’s Mobility Report released in June 2019, 5G subscriptions will reach 1.9 billion by the end of 2024, making up over 20% of all mobile subscriptions at that time. So, while we’re still quite early in the game, it is not too soon to start thinking about the 5G implications for your business, both positive and negative.
What Is 5G?
5G is the next generation of mobile networks that will allow us to have higher speed and lower latency. To put it in layman’s terms, we say 5G will allow us to do everything that we currently do, but at a much higher speed. It runs on radio frequencies ranging from below 1 GHz all the way up to very high frequencies, called “millimeter wave” (or mmWave).
Imagine a world with smart glasses, VR, and drones co-operating to carry out emergency missions and communicating wirelessly with each other and ground base stations over 5G networks in real-time.
Key characteristics of 5G
Support for millions of devices/sq miles. Until today, 4G supported 2000 devices per 0.38 sq miles. On the other hand, 5G will support 1 MILLION users per 0.38 sq miles. This means a better and more affordable internet will be accessible with 5G!
Look for speeds up to 10Gbps.
Lower Data Rates and Cost Savings
The 5th Generation of the internet will come with a speed of 1Gbps. This would mean a sturdy revolution in the health sector, enabling us to have a bird’s eye view 24/7.
As we have progressed, you must be thinking we have made the internet cheaper and more accessible throughout the world.
Low Latency Rates
Lower latency would mean less time required for data to travel from one point to another and low chances of experiencing lags. The latency of the network is inversely proportional to the network speed. The 5G revolution will see an entirely new range of applications enabled by low latency factors and the expansion of edge computing, altering the art of the possible. This would benefit many industries, including healthcare, transport, manufacturing, and gaming.
Heavily reliable low latency is the new currency of the network world and it establishes new capabilities in many industries that were previously impossible.
5G being 10-times faster will give better results and lesser latency. Overall, this generation of wireless is expected to have a 10x decrease in end-to-end latency.
Mobility and Reliability
Better mobility would mean a better network while traveling. Data has predicted that we will be able to travel at the speed of 500 Km/hr. That’s more than reliable for high-speed train travel. Along with that, 5G offers the reliability of 99.999% uptime and ultra-consistent network service.
The Horizon of Possibility With 5G
Until now, we have used technology to make our lives easier. You press a button on your screen, and numerous calculations deliver your foods and goods to your doorstep. Wearable technology, to improve the human lifespan, is just the beginning of the technological revolution we are about to witness. There is a high chance the tech will be embedded inside us, with no way of separating the two.
According to a survey recently released by Gartner, two-thirds of organizations were planning to deploy 5G by 2020. Yet businesses want to embark on the 5G journey faster than communication vendors can provide it. Furthermore, they plan to use 5G networks mainly for IoT communications, with operational efficiency as a critical driver.
5G has the potential to transform industries — we’re talking about the Enterprise of Things that includes networked industrial devices, sensors, networks, and apps that connect businesses. Click here to read how 5G has revolutionized the digital transformation across industries.
Barriers to 5G Adoption
- Upfront investment
- User uptick
- Change management
- 4G is good enough and this underestimating the 5G Disruption
How Mobile Network Operators Are Changing With 5G
We’re noticing a significant shift in industries and quite interesting partnerships among Mobile network operators (MNO) and hyperscalers such as Microsoft, AWS, and Google. MNOs have an edge because they own infrastructures for edge technologies, which will force hyperscalers to partner up with them. There is mounting evidence that suggests that AWS, Microsoft, and Google are moving fast and developing their edge infrastructure.
We should expect big ripples in the tech world in the next decade.
How Are We Looking at 5G Currently?
With every passing day, we are consuming more data. Ever wondered how much data we create? The answer would be 2.5 quintillion bytes per person per day as of 2020.
With such a mammoth demand in data, existing spectrum bands are becoming congested, leading to service breakdowns, particularly when many people in the same area are simultaneously accessing online mobile services. This has increased our need for a network spectrum that can handle the surge in demand.
At the end of 2020, we had just about 5 to 10% market coverage of the 5G mobile network. Most commercial networks will be of demonstrative purpose for major events, such as the summer Olympics in Tokyo. Research shows that around 45% of carriers globally will have launched a commercial 5G network by 2025.
Unlike previous cellular standards that were solely focused on person-to-person (P2P) communication, 5G will be the first to enable a foundation that is competent at handling both machine-to-machine (M2M) and person-to-person (P2P) communication.
What Will the Future Look Like for 5G?
It is estimated that 1.5 BILLION connections, covering 34% of the global population, will be well established, covering 25% of all mobile data, influencing and creating new markets.
5G will bring a whole new range of products to the market, ranging from a simple 5G-enabled phone to a fridge that orders food from local grocery shops according to how your day is going in traffic. Get ready for that extra scoop of ice cream when you get back home!
Every app and website is moving towards a better user experience to keep us interested and will undergo a redesigning phase. Technologies like VR and AR will get more common in regular use. Companies, like Instagram, that are focusing on redesigning their app, will develop a new dopamine response cycle to keep the users on their platform for longer as the technology will get faster.
To be successful in a 5G world, partnering and collaboration with MNO and 5G ecosystem players would be of utmost importance, as operators sit at the center of new ecosystems developed around the ultra-reliable low latency, real-time data at scale and responsiveness that the "edge cloud" delivers.
All hyperscalers are working in establishing the partnership and ecosystem around 5G and Edge computing. Microsoft is leading the bandwagon with a couple of acquisitions (e.g., Metaswitch, Affirmed) and broader ecosystem partnerships.
Risks With 5G
However significant 5G may seem right now, the industry is still very much at the infant stage. A major downside of 5G adoption is that it puts the entire service provider ecosystem at great risk for cyberattacks. With consumers and businesses becoming steadily reliant on digital services, security shouldn’t be an afterthought.
Securing applications and data across the network, endpoints, data centers, branch locations, and cloud all remain critical challenges. As key enablers of the 5G value chain, mobile network operators are in a position to enable the connection and security of the 5G digital economy.
There are few potential health risks that we can encounter during the transition to the world of 5G. Various studies back the fact that frequencies with power densities of less than 6 mW/cm2 result in various health issues, the most severe one being DNA damage. Long-term exposure to low-intensity EHF EMR has a severe effect on non-specific immunity indexes. Additionally, a Russian study suggests that frequencies in the range of 53–78GHz which 5G proposes noticed a sudden change in heart rate and increase in stress levels among rats.
Along with the massive potential of a technological revolution, 5G also introduces the chances of increased cyber security risks. Attackers with a minuscule knowledge of cellular paging and protocols will be enforced with the ability to intercept calls and track locations, leaving our privacy vulnerable.
5G networks are a software-based distribution system, digital routing approach, increasing the number of entry points for someone with ill intentions to intercept the data packets. Along with that, the distributive approach makes it difficult to identify and restrict malicious data.
The current network inspects data packets as they enter, but with the exponential increase in speed and bandwidth of 5G, the current solutions to monitor the network will be obsolete, creating a bigger problem than the solution it provides.
What Do I Predict for the 5G Future?
How 5G Could Change Cloud Computing
1. 5G Supports a Blend of Computing, Storage, and Networking at the Edge Called Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC).
To capitalize on the emergence of 5G, cloud providers have expanded their hybrid and edge offerings, partnered with Telco’s, and built or acquired 5G-specific services. AWS Outposts, Google Anthos, and Microsoft Azure Stack Hub, Azure Edge Zones are hybrid cloud appliances and services that naturally lend themselves to 5G MEC use cases. Cloud providers, software vendors, enterprises, and others will use MECs to run applications directly within the edge of a telco network.
2. 5G Will Enable Cloud Service To Reach Mobile Enterprise Customers Quickly and Reliably.
Access to virtual machines via phones will become common because of the more extensive computing and machine-to-machine communication provided by 5G. Cloud computing enterprises will offer more features and options to mobile users, and hotspots will become faster, allowing remote workers access to cloud services, even at places where internet connectivity is lacking.
3. Cloud Providers, Software Vendors, Enterprises, and Others Will Use MECs To Run Applications Directly Within the Edge of a Telco Network.
5G technology will bring significant improvements to the cloud computing world because most technology innovations can be more efficient when cloud-dependent. 5G, in turn, improves that integration with its low latency, enabling smoother communications.
4. 5G Is Bringing AI To Change Your Life.
As of now, we’ve only witnessed AI working with Chatbots and figuring out minuscule tasks, but with the power of 5G’s Edge-Cloud and low latency rates, we will be introduced to some drastic changes across the businesses.
5. 5G Will Transform the Art of the Possible.
With 5G we’ll see an entirely new range of applications enabled by low latency of 5G and the proliferation of edge computing, transforming the art of possible. For example, rather than simply experiencing digital through their traditional devices, consumers will have their experience of the world around them enhanced and augmented through real-time data and augmented reality/virtual reality (AR/VR) that it enables through edge computing.
We will see accelerated adoption of Digital Twins, Self-Monitoring machines, Augmented Audits and inspections, and collaborative robots. This will allow us to make better data-driven decisions and distribute our priorities in a more efficient way. AI & 5G will bring the “intelligent edge” to life.
6. Private 5G Network
To leverage the full potential of 5G, one of the biggest paradigm shifts would be the creation of private 5G networks, or Private Wireless Networks (PWN). PWNs deployed and managed by providers like Nokia, Ericsson, Huawei, and larger Telco providers would be quite common in 2021. PWNs will increasingly take root in enterprises involving public safety, gaming, airline, entertainment, retail, home care, hospital settings, field service management, utilities, and similar industries. PWNs will help in providing new experiences (AI-powered, augmented reality, near real-time update) and capabilities to those increasingly mobile workforces and consumers. Additionally, it hopefully fills gaps in potentially lifesaving tasks like remote monitoring and healthcare scenarios.
5G is an evolution. 5G Networks and devices continue to evolve. The arrival of 5G technologies will transform how consumers live and how businesses interact with customers. You want to start planning for 5G now, but depending on your application, you may deploy 5G devices as early as 2021. The 5th Generation of networking will revolutionize how we live and function in this world, and we are right in the middle of it.
2021 promised to be a year of exciting change. While a crystal ball would come in handy in such situations to predict the future, we can be sure that change will come at an increasing pace, enabling new technologies to emerge. Having an insight into the innovations on the digital horizon will aid your organization with planning and staying ahead of the competition. What are your expectations for your organization from the 5G-enabled future?
Published at DZone with permission of Gaurav Agarwaal. See the original article here.
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