Choose a Technology Stack for Web Application Development
If you are new to full-stack development, focus on these technologies to build yourself a modern technology stack for front- and back-end dev.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
For developing a web application that is robust, performance-driven, and agile, you need to pick the right technology stack. Whether you need to develop an enterprise application or a web application for your customers, it has to be quick and interactive.
If you are searching for the best technology stack for web application development, then we have you covered. In this post, we will have a look at the vital technologies that you need to have for developing your bespoke application. First, let's begin with what exactly is a technology stack?
What Is a Technology Stack?
A technology stack in simple terms is a full-fledged set of programming languages, frameworks, and some software that are used to develop a web or mobile application. Talking specifically about the web application development technology stack, it's the combination of particular components that makes the app.
Components of the Technology Stack
When we talk about the web application technology stack components, it's majorly two parts — front-end technologies and back-end technologies. Both these components have their own technologies and framework that are used for application development.
Front-end development which is also popularly known as client-side development is a technology stack that allows web apps to run on browsers. The front-end component allows users to interact with the web app and every component of it. Front-end components make customer interaction easier and intuitive. Below are some major technologies of this component.
HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
It's the most widely-used technology that is used to develop a web application. It is used for creating the overall structure of the visible & clickable components and content on a web page.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
CSS allows developers to design how a page will look and how the content will fit in with the components. CSS is a vital technology that developers use to define the colors, fonts, layouts, and many more other elements.
After the front-end, the other component is back-end development that ensures all the desired functionalities are coded into the application and they are working as needed. The back end implements the web application with different functional logics and it establishes communication among each of its elements. Only because of the back-end technologies, each application component can learn how and when to respond to requests coming from the front-end implementations.
It is also known as server-side programming and it includes three major parts: programming languages, databases, and a server. So let us take a look at the technologies involved in each of these parts.
Programming Languages for Back-End Development
Web developers can pick from a wide range of various programming languages to code for web applications. There are many programming frameworks that are available for every language that makes coding faster and accurate.
Below are some of the popularly utilized programming languages and the frameworks available for them mentioned in the brackets:
- Python (Django, Flask)
- PHP (Laravel, CodeIgniter)
- Ruby (Ruby on Rails)
- Scala (Play)
Some of the most common databases for web development are:
- MySQL (relational)
- PostgreSQL (relational)
- MongoDB (non-relational, document)
Without the database, it's impossible to build an application as it stores all the data related to the application and the users. The database is used to store the data in real-time and process it to give required information as an output. Majorly, there are two types of database technologies that developers use for developing web apps. The first is a relational database and the second is a non-relational database.
Modern Technology Stack
As we move towards digitization, the technology stack is also changing and as of now, there are multiple modern technology stacks available. Some of the common modern-technology stacks are LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP/Perl/Python), MEAN stack, and MERN stack.
With growing customer demands and market trends, the technology stack is also growing. If you are starting out learning full-stack development, focus on the above technologies to get started. With all these technologies and frameworks, you can develop a full-fledged web app to meet all business requirements. Develop a web application and get ahead of the curve by serving your customers better.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.