How to Write Test Script in Selenium?
Today I am going to share the important steps that you need to follow to understand how to write a Selenium test script for automation testing of the website or web app.
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Selenium is one of the essential automation testing tools for web applications or websites. So, it is quite efficient for you to learn the right process to code and write the Selenium test scripts with the help of the right Selenium testing tutorial. The people who want to automate the website or web application testing process always think of Selenium, and conducting this test is also an easy process.
Today I am going to share the important steps that you need to follow to understand how to write a Selenium test script for automation testing of the website or web application. Follow this blog till the end to master the art of doing it.
Selenium Testing Tutorial: How to Write Script in Selenium
Step 1: Get All the Components Ready
Before you start with writing the Selenium test script, get all the components essential for the process. Some of the necessary components to conduct the Selenium automation testing include Eclipse, Java (JDK), and WebDriver Language bindings.
Once you are done arranging these components, you need to configure the Selenium WebDriver along with the Eclipse. Now, you are all set to go ahead and write the first test script and run it.
Step 2: Sign Up For the BrowserStack Account
For running or creating the Selenium test scripts, you need a Selenium grid. BrowserStack is one amongst such grids that will be used as a reference in this blog to help you understand the right writing process and running the test script.
BrowserStack has the ability to help implement Selenium Testing and test mobile applications, web applications, and websites across more than 2000 real browsers, devices, desktops, and others. So, sign up for an account on BrowserStack, after which you can go ahead and learn to write the test script.
Step 3: Choose Automate Tab from the Grid Menu
Find the automate tab from the homepage of BrowserStack and find the option where you are asked to configure, integrate, and run the test. Here, you will start configuring the test or write the Selenium test script. Before that, you need to make sure that the Selenium configurations and components are installed.
Go ahead and choose the operating system while configuring the tests and moving ahead with the next step.
Step 4: Add the Necessary Codes
A specific set of codes must be present in your test script to process the automation test run. You have to prepare a WebDriver code depending upon the logic of the test case. You might have to change this code a little, relying upon the browser requirements too.
Some of the other essential codes that need to be present in the test script include package importing codes, instantiating variables and object codes, browser session launch codes, actual & expected value comparison codes, acquiring page title codes, browser session ending codes, and program ending codes.
Step 5: Integrate the Changes With BrowserStack
You need to make some changes to the code based upon your test case logic or website. BrowserStack makes it easy for you to write the test scripts as they have the templates ready for you to edit and make the changes.
There are driver settings and default integrations pre-loaded into the BrowserStack to make it possible for you to create the test script easily. Once the changes are made, the test script can be retrieved in one shot. Now, go ahead and download the test script or copy it to the Eclipse menu bar.
You can run the entire test code for the tool to do the needful. If everything goes right, you will get the feedback as ‘Test Passed.’ Hence, the Selenium test script was correctly executed for the select website or web application over the grid.
These are the detailed steps that you need to follow to create a Selenium test script. You do not need to be a professional or coding expert to write these scripts. You can do it even without choosing the right Selenium grid and understanding the syntax of the selected codes.
So, follow the steps mentioned above with all Selenium grids to conduct the test for websites or web applications. Make sure that you have all the configurations ready before you go ahead and start writing and executing the script.
Published at DZone with permission of Parimal Kumar. See the original article here.
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