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How to Upload with PrimeFaces under Tomcat 6

· Java Zone

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In last few months I’ve noticed a big interest in the Prime Faces upload solution. I can’t say that I’m surprised, since it is a very good looking upload, easy to configure and use. Therefore, I’ve decided to provide a small guide for the  implementation of the Prime Faces upload under a Tomcat 6 web application.
For a start, you will need the following JARs, under your /lib folder (you can take them separately from web, or if you take this complete example from http://www.filefactory.com/file/ca41567/n/prime_faces_upload.rar, then they are already included):

• primeface-2.2.RC2.jar (this is what I’ve used, but you can take the latest Prime Faces library from PrimeFaces site – http://www.primefaces.org).
• jsf-api-2.0.2-FCS.jar (again, take the latest, if you consider that you need it)
• jsf-impl-2.0.2-FCS.jar
• el-api-2.2.jar
• el-impl-2.2.jar
• commons-io-1.4.jar
• commons-fileupload-1.2.jar

Next, I’ve configured the application descriptor, web.xml (depending on Prime Faces version, these configurations may be slightly different). In this descriptor I’ve configured Prime Faces upload filter:
<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.2//EN" 
<description>Context param for JSTL 1.2 to work in Tomcat 6 sun RI
<description>Parameter required by Mojarra 2.0</description>
<filter-name>PrimeFaces FileUpload Filter</filter-name>
<filter-name>PrimeFaces FileUpload Filter</filter-name>
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>

Next, I wrote a simple JSF page to test the Prime Faces upload component:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>                              

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
<h:outputText value="Select the files to upload (maxim 2MB):"/>
<p:growl id="uploadMessages" showSummary="true" showDetail="true"/>
<h:form enctype="multipart/form-data" prependId="false">
<p:fileUpload update="uploadMessages"

As you can see, p:fileUpload is very flexible and customizable, allowing us to specify upload characteristics with a few simple attributes. Going further, we need a managed bean capable of dealing with upload itself. A possible implementation (probably not the best, but for sure not the worst) is listed below:
package com.extensions;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import javax.faces.FacesException;
import javax.faces.application.FacesMessage;
import javax.faces.bean.ManagedBean;
import javax.faces.bean.RequestScoped;
import javax.faces.context.ExternalContext;
import javax.faces.context.FacesContext;
import javax.faces.event.ActionEvent;
import org.primefaces.event.FileUploadEvent;

@ManagedBean(name = "fileUploadController")
public class uploadFilesBean {

private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 6124;
private String folderToUpload;

/** Creates a new instance of UploadBean */
public uploadFilesBean() {

public void handleFileUpload(FileUploadEvent event) {

ExternalContext extContext=FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext();

File result = new File(extContext.getRealPath("//WEB-INF//files//" +
//System.out.println(extContext.getRealPath("//WEB-INF//files//" +
// event.getFile().getFileName()));

try {
FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(result);

byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];

int bulk;
InputStream inputStream = event.getFile().getInputstream();
while (true) {
bulk = inputStream.read(buffer);
if (bulk < 0) {
fileOutputStream.write(buffer, 0, bulk);


FacesMessage msg = new FacesMessage("Succesful", event.getFile().getFileName()
+ " is uploaded.");
FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().addMessage(null, msg);

} catch (IOException e) {

FacesMessage error = new FacesMessage(FacesMessage.SEVERITY_ERROR,
"The files were not uploaded!", "");
FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().addMessage(null, error);

The uploaded files go to the /WEB-INF/files folder.

Here it is a nice screenshot of Prime Faces upload:

That was a simple example of Prime Faces upload. Do not hesitate to follow Prime Faces - ShowCase site (http://www.primefaces.org/showcase/ui/fileUploadHome.jsf) where you can see more types of uploads supported by Prime Faces.

Download a complete example tested under Tomcat 6 from here.


From http://e-blog-java.blogspot.com/2011/03/how-to-upoad-with-primefaces-under.html

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