Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Interesting JDK 12 Features to Watch Out For

DZone's Guide to

Interesting JDK 12 Features to Watch Out For

There are several new features from JDK 12 to watch out for, including records and switch expressions. Let's take a closer look.

· Java Zone ·
Free Resource

How do you break a Monolith into Microservices at Scale? This ebook shows strategies and techniques for building scalable and resilient microservices.

With the new six month Java release cycle, you should expect cool, new features for developers at a faster rate. I have seen some of the features that you can expect to see in the JDK 12 release next year. You can get the Open JDK 12 early access build and try out these preview features. Let's take a closer look.

Switch Expressions

For example, you have an enum for the days of the week and you want to use a switch statement to return the number of letters in the string. There are better ways to do this, but we are going to use Switch statements to demonstrate this.

Here is the enum:

enum DayOfWeek{
MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY, SUNDAY
}


With what we know in Java, this would probably be the solution:

 int numLetters;
        switch(day){
            case MONDAY: case FRIDAY: case SUNDAY:
                numLetters=6;
                break;
            case TUESDAY:
                numLetters=7;
                break;
            case THURSDAY: case SATURDAY:
                numLetters=9;
                break;
            case WEDNESDAY:
                numLetters=10;
                break;
            default:
                throw new NoSuchDayException(day);

        }


This could really trigger bugs, as it could make the code harder to maintain. With switch expressions, you can write the switch as an expression. No default is needed in the switch statement.

Here is what the code should look like:

int numLetters=switch(day)
        {
            case MONDAY, FRIDAY, SUNDAY -> 6;
            case TUESDAY -> 7;
            case THURSDAY, SATURDAY -> 8;
            case WEDNESDAY -> 9;
        };


Records (currently not targeted to JDK 12 at the time of this writing)

We all know our POJOs (plain old Java object); they come with a lot of boilerplate code. For example, here is a classic POJO:

class Point {
    double x;
    double y;

    Point(double x, double y) {
        this.x = x;
        this.y = y;
    }

    public void setX(double x) {
        this.x = x;
    }

    public double getX() {
        return x;
    }

    public void setY(double y) {
        this.y = y;
    }

    public double getY() {
        return y;
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return super.hashCode();
    }

    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        return super.equals(obj);
    }


    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return super.toString();
    }
}


Well, Records replaces all POJO code with just one line:

record Point(double x, double y);


There are other cool features that you could expect in JDK 12 and beyond. I, personally, appreciate that the Java community is evolving and aiming to move Java forward. With the new 6 months release cycle, we should expect cool features to get out faster, which is cool!


I suggest you check this video out: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nKJbDYRsO0s


How do you break a Monolith into Microservices at Scale? This ebook shows strategies and techniques for building scalable and resilient microservices.

Topics:
java ,java 12 ,kotlin ,jdk 12 ,news ,openjdk ,eab ,records ,switch expressions

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}