Introducing Automation in Software Testing Best Practices
Introducing Automation in Software Testing Best Practices
In this article, Himani Kankaria covers what teams expect out of software testing, how automation can be introduced into traditional testing practices, and more.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
In response to accelerated release cycles, a new set of testing capabilities is now required to deliver quality at speed. This is why there is a shake-up in the testing tools landscape—and a new leader has emerged in the just released Gartner Magic Quadrant for Software Test Automation.
Test automation services and tools are much hyped by our software testing and quality assurance industry. They are an integral part of our enterprise application development lifecycle. With automation testing becoming an essential part of our software testing life cycle (STLC), various people are involved in the cycle.
What Do Teams Expect Out of Software Testing?
Let’s understand for whom the software is being tested and what their expectations are from the software testing processes for a few recent years:
- Business owners expect to introduce testing various fragments of the software along with detailed and high-level product reports.
- Business development teams need to have clear information on what the software development requirements were made and what exactly the software consists of. Also, they need to be aware of what all resources are available, how much time can be taken into consideration for project delivery, etc.
- Software development teams need to provide confirmation of a bug-free software that is developed by them and confirmation that every build that they release is working perfectly fine.
- Software testing and QA teams need to implement automation to help them improve their test coverage, find bugs faster and more easily, and verify the build stability.
- Software proprietors want detailed reports on requirements versus actual software, quality of the software, and verification of how much worth the software has compared to its value.
All of these people want the software to be tested, but sometimes, they are unable to add value to the software through software testing or automation.
Introducing Automation in Traditional Software Testing Best Practices
Let’s have innovation in automation with our old-school software testing best practices to add value to our software.
1. Software Requirement Specification (SRS) Phase
While preparing this document of SRS, the scope of activities can introduce test automation opportunities. Here, one more document can be prepared for internal purpose to list down the various test scenarios that can be tested using automation testing for a software being developed.
2. Testing Criteria for Entry-Exit Points
Understand your software application being tested completely. Here, we take care of when and how the testing of a particular testing phase will start and end. This will help us decide which automation testing framework can be involved for a particular testing stage.
3. Checking for Bugs
It is not necessary to ask the other members of a software development team to inspect the software application for errors every time, as they might skip testing a few scenarios as per the user’s requirements. Rather, we can involve dedicated software testing, QA, and test automation teams by outsourcing your software testing processes to a leading software testing company.
4. Automation for Cross-Platform Testing
There are various test automation tools which support headless testing. Headless testing avoids graphical user interface while performing web testing across various browsers and platforms.
5. Automation for Nightly Builds
Earlier, we used to run nightly builds to track the bugs. But, nowadays, it is feasible to introduce bug tracking tools in your test automation strategies. You can also opt for a test automation tool that supports the bug tracking tools of your choice, whether it is JIRA, MANTIS or any other.
6. Not Just Usability Testing
There have been many myths surrounding around test automation, but we should use automation in a more optimized way. Yes, definitely for usability testing, but other than that, the user interface (UI), database, regression testing, and web service need to be automated simultaneously.
7. Automated End-to-End Testing
We have seen a great demand for end-to-end testing by many B2B companies now. And, automating end-to-end testing ensures that the application functions appropriately and accurately according to the real user scenario.
The Best Test Automation Strategies for the Coming Years
Among the top five recommendations of the World Quality Report of 2017, one recommendation is adopting Agile and DevOps with a focus on automation and shift-left testing.
Now that we have discussed how automation can accelerate the best practices of software testing, let’s discuss the best of all test automation strategy to look for in the coming years.
Firstly, we need to plan out the test automation processes. Previously, it was next to impossible, but now, you can think of automating the complete application with the proper test automation planning. This includes estimation, project deadline, test schedules, automation environments, and other planning-related activities.
Automation Architecture and Framework Creation
Scripting knowledge is very much important to automate any application testing, but working on selecting the appropriate automation framework becomes mandatory. We need to be prepared with well-designed automation architecture and integration with the various third party tools for CI, CD, and more, which will help us to execute automation testing. We need to write reusable components and methods.
Automation Test Case Creation and Execution
Once we have decided on the test automation framework, we can start with creating actual automation test cases. Also, priorities can be set to check on the important test cases compared to other test cases based on project complexities. Once test cases are developed, they are taken up for execution on various browsers and platforms to check its stability.
Automation Tests Maintenance and Monitoring
Reporting is a crucial factor in test automation, but reporting via test automation tools can be quite useful. We need to verify the execution logs and reports. Defects are logged into the bug tracking tools along with the screenshots. So, after this, we need to enhance our test cases and test automation frameworks in this phase.
We have always known the importance of software testing, but, we had never thought of optimizing our traditional software testing practices. Enterprises have now started investing into software testing services and test automation. We need to go back and give a deep thought on how we can accelerate our software testing processes with the help of automation testing.
What’s your take on introducing automation into top software testing best practices and test automation strategy for your projects? Do share your views in the comment section below.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.