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IoT App Development: Impact, Challenges, and Process

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IoT App Development: Impact, Challenges, and Process

Mobile apps will be a point of connection for many IoT devices, and in this article, we explore how to build an IoT app of the future.

· IoT Zone ·
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In a span of ten years, from 2020 to 2030, IoT devices will grow from 75 billion to more than 100 billion, and the improvement from 4G to 5G in terms of increasing IoT is most important. Today's 4G network can support up to 5500 to 6000 NB-IOT devices on a single cell.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a technology of the future that’s already becoming a reality. Its possibilities for health, agriculture, manufacturing, and daily life are crazier than anything a sci-fi writer of the last century could have imagined. Mobile apps will be a point of connection for many IoT devices, and in this article, we explore how to build an IoT app of the future.

Why Develop a Custom Internet of Things Application?

The IoT market is significant, and it has something to offer to lots of other markets. It seems like the Internet of Things devices will soon be all over, from wise cities and agricultural fields to huge factories and people's houses and also cars.

In this write-up, we focus on consumer IoT since it's the location where mobile apps will be most needed. In other sectors, for example, agriculture as well as enterprise business, IoT devices may not require mobile interfaces. They can connect straight to the cloud or be managed to make use of web applications.

You may also like: IoT Application Development: Tips to Make it a Success

IoT devices for customers, on the other hand, typically use apps: people have their mobile devices at hand regularly. Smart houses are probably the first thing that enters your mind when you think about IoT for consumers. And smart home modern technologies are ending up being a lot more prominent yearly.

But not only smart homes demand mobile interfaces for connecting devices. Consumers can use IoT for:

  • Automobiles
  • Healthcare
  • Agriculture
  • Child and pet care

Growth of the IoT market for smart homes assures to be even more excellent. A Forbes study reveals that two-thirds of consumers state they'll probably purchase IoT devices for their homes by 2019. Only fifty percent of participants said they were most likely to buy wearables.

By 2025, 76 billion connected devices will undoubtedly be delivered to customers, creating revenue of around $490 billion.

What about wise and connected automobiles? According to Machina Research Study, 90% of all brand-new cars will undoubtedly be linked to smartphones. Compare this to only 10% today.

As you can see, the variety of connected devices will just grow, as well as they'll all require a software application to controlling it. You can develop an IoT mobile application as well as start overcoming this market, which is far from saturated.

What Can Smart, Connected Products Do?

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Intelligence and connection allow an entirely new collection of product functions and also abilities, which can be grouped right into 4 locations: monitoring, control, optimization, and autonomy. A product can incorporate all four. Each capability is beneficial in its own right and also sets the stage for the next degree. 

As an example, monitoring capabilities are the foundation for product control, optimization, as well as autonomy. A firm must select the set of skills that deliver its customer worth and specify its affordable placing.

Monitoring

Smart, connected products enable the comprehensive control of a product’s condition, operation, and external environment through sensors and external data sources. Using data, a product can alert users or others to changes in circumstances or performance.

Control

Smart, connected products can be controlled through remote commands or algorithms that are built into the device or reside in the product cloud.

Optimization

The productive circulation of monitoring data from smart, connected products, paired with the ability to control product operation, enables companies to maximize product performance in various means, many of which have not been formerly feasible. Smart, smarted connected can apply the algorithm and also analytics to in-use or historical information to drastically improve output, usage, and also effectiveness.

Autonomy

Monitoring, control, and optimization capabilities combine to allow smart, connected products to achieve a previously unattainable level of autonomy.

What You Should Know About IoT App Development

How can you develop an IoT application? This naturally relies on your product idea. The set of functions will undoubtedly be different for a smart home application as well as for connected cars and truck applications. Nonetheless, there are some standard points you require to know before you start IoT Application Development.

First, let’s look at the structure of any IoT system.

IoT Enabled Product Components 

Any Internet of Things system consists of four main components:

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Cloud
  • Connectivity

Hardware

The hardware utilized in IoT systems includes devices for a remote dashboard, devices for control, servers, a routing or bridge device, and sensors. These devices manage essential tasks and functions such as system activation, action specifications, security, communication, and detection to support-specific goals and actions.

Sensor

The most crucial hardware in IoT might be its sensors. These devices consist of energy modules, power management modules, RF modules, and sensing modules. RF modules manage communications through their signal processing, WiFi, ZigBee, Bluetooth, radio transceiver, duplexer, and BAW.

Different type of Sensor:

  • Temperature Sensor
  • Pressure Sensor
  • Proximity Sensor
  • Accelerometer and Gyroscope Sensor
  • IR Sensor
  • Optical Sensor
  • Gas Sensor
  • Smoke Sensor

Software

Software for an IoT system should be a cloud-based application, either web or mobile, that's primarily a dashboard for managing as well as regulating all IoT devices connected to it. This dashboard ought to also accumulate information from sensing units and show it to individuals.

  • Mobile Application
  • Web Application
  • Custom Dashboard

Cloud

The cloud is among the most vital innovations for IoT. It refines the information and prepares it. The best benefit of the cloud is that you do not require your very own physical resources for saving data.

Connectivity

The network sends data both ways: from a mobile phone to sensors and devices and back. The network links all devices within the IoT system. There are different types of network protocols.

Bluetooth

Among one of the most extensively made uses of wireless technologies of the short-range is Bluetooth. You can quickly obtain Bluetooth apps that provide you with wearable technology for pairing with wise gadgets.

WiFi

For IoT integration, Wi-fi is a popular choice, according to several digital designers. It is because of the framework it bears. It has fast information transfer rates along with the aptitude to control a large quantity of data.

ZigBee

ZigBee is developed more for the industrials and also less for the customers. It usually runs at a regularity of 2.4 GHz. This is perfect for the industrial sites where data is generally transferred over tiny rates among house or a structure.

RFID

It utilizes the magnetic fields to ensure that it can identify objects. The short, varied Superhigh frequency Identification is around 10 centimeters. However, the long-range Superhigh frequency can go up to 200 mm.

LoRaWAN

LoRaWAN or the Long Ranged Wide Location Network is just one of the IoT Procedures for large location networks. LoRaWAN IoT Network Protocols is mainly designed for sustaining the strong networks with the help of million low-power devices. Smart cities utilize this type of protocol.

IoT Challenges

Before you start to develop IoT applications, you should know about the challenges the industry has yet to solve.

Security and Privacy

Among one of the most controversial issues, yet extremely considerable challenges of IoT APPLICATION development is personal privacy and safety. Before we move ahead, the security we are speaking about here is not only the network security yet the safety and security of all the components involved in IoT applications. These applications are backed by a network that attaches the hardware and software elements and includes a massive amount of data taking a trip through a variety of linked devices hindering the individual spaces of individuals.

Along with the IoT software development security as a challenge, some more key encounters should be considered while developing an IoT app:

  • Data Exchange Security: This is very important to recognize that the information transfer from IoT sensing units and devices to a system or entrance and then kept at the cloud. It is vital to guarantee data file encryption protocol is followed during app development.
  • Physical Security: The IoT devices are typically neglected as well as the cyberpunks can easily tamper this. Therefore, inspecting whether the security component is contributed to an IoT device is always a challenge.
  • Cloud Storage Security: Though cloud storage space is thought about protecting, it is a difficulty for programmers to guarantee that the IoT system is correctly secured, is capable of protecting data. Also, suitable gain access to and authorization is dealt with.
  • Privacy Updates: Data fetched by IoT devices are always under particular rules and laws. For example, All the fitness trackers collect user info based on HIPAA guidelines. This suggests that the information kept on the cloud via the IoT device is certified to defined regulations. Conforming to laws like HIPAA makes sure the privacy of information.

Connectivity Challenges

The significance of the Internet of Things application development is the real-time transmission of data. Yet this ends up being a difficulty as a result of poor connectivity or latency. Connected devices that provide valuable front-end information are essential. However, lousy connectivity becomes a problem where IoT sensing units are called to monitor, process data, and supply information.

This problem can be addressed within the design and app environment phase. For example- an essential printing device can be connected with laptops, Computers, mobile phones through WiFi house router. Yet, the same is not the instance for smarts vehicles as they require mobile linked internet. For that reason, programmers need to comprehend the device functions and features and make development decisions accordingly.

Cross-Platform Compatibility (Hardware and Devices)

IoT applications should be created, keeping in mind the technological adjustments of the future. Hence, IoT development requires an equilibrium of software and hardware functions.

It is a difficulty for IoT application designers to guarantee that device, as well as IoT platform, delivers the very best efficiency regardless of hefty OS, device updates, and bug fixings.

While developing the IoT application, programmers need to make sure that the application can be seamlessly incorporated without boosting troubles in the IoT ecological community (considering both software and hardware).

Data Collection and Processing

Because IoT application involves a significant quantity of information, information collection and processing the same is a difficulty for designers. Together with privacy and safety and security planning, development groups require to guarantee that they plan well for the means data is gathered, saved, or processed within an environment.

To make this specific, IoT application development teams must employ information professionals, analytic designers, and machine learning sources to obtain understandings from information stored on the cloud.

How to Develop an IoT App

1. Choose a Platform

There are many platforms that you can utilize to develop your IoT application. You can pick any of them, however, pay attention to what innovations they support and also just how much they'll cost.

These are the top platform for IoT Application Development:

  • HomeKit
  • Android Things
  • ThingWorx
  • Xively
  • Ubidots
  • Azure IoT Suite
  • IBM Watson
  • Oracle IoT
  • Kaa

A number of these platforms are trying to resolve the inconsistency issue, permitting IoT developers to connect devices from different vendors that speak various procedures into one unified system. For example, Google's IoT platform, called Android Points, now supports devices from several makers as well as can link to low-energy sensors.

2. Choose the Hardware

If you aren't going to produce your very own hardware for your IoT project, you require to select equipment from other device makers. First, this equipment needs to represent your product's needs. Second, this equipment ought to be reliable, as its link precision is essential for your project's success. Picking sensing units made by a trustworthy device maker can guarantee high quality.

Choose Development Boards

Programmers will undoubtedly need to select from microcontroller-based boards, Systems on Chip (SOC) boards, Single-board Computers (SBC) as well as purpose-built boards with assistance for Smart Bluetooth as well as WiFi.

  • Arduino Uno
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Intel Edison
  • Udoo Neo
  • LightBlue Bean
  • Adafruit Flora
  • Tessel
  • Particle Photon
  • Mediatek Linkit One
  • C.H.I.P

3. Think of Scalability in Advance

Think about the pace at which you intend to create your application's capability. Whether your application will undoubtedly stay relevant depends much on scalability. It has to take care of raising amounts of data and various devices and also procedures. Cloud technology is best for IoT, consequently.

4. See to It Your Application Is Quick

IoT apps need to be incredibly quick. When it comes to sharing data and from another location controlling devices, the rate of each lag is too high. Envision a connected auto that won't instantly respond to your commands. This is why performance and also high-speed links must be among your leading concerns.

5. Take Great Care of Safety

The absolute top concern for your IoT application must be protected. Regrettably, as a result of the large number of connected devices that all stay in one network, IoT technology is somewhat at risk of data infringement.

Also, due to the locations where people utilize IoT most — their residences, cars and trucks, and healthcare devices — these attacks can result in exposing personal and also sensitive information.

Make sure you make use of security tools to construct the internet of things application.

Below are a couple of ideas on making sure security in your IoT application:

  • Choose hardware vendors carefully — Some vendors that supply software programs for their devices can miss prospective software vulnerabilities. For your IoT app, ensure to pick trustworthy hardware or run it by protection specialists.
  • Use proved IoT platforms — Much depends upon the system you use for your IoT application. Be sure to make use of reputable platforms that check their tools and update them consistently.
  • Think about not just network assaults but likewise physical assaults — Any kind of data stored on a device needs to be not only encrypted yet similarly literally shielded: see to it isn't simple to get rid of the storage.
  • Use protected networks — All information that flows in between your app as well as devices through a web server or the cloud should be secured.
  • Apply best practices for app security — Usage file encryption, obfuscation, two-factor authentication, and other methods to make sure that your IoT app and devices are utilized safely by authorized users.


Further Reading

5 Platforms for IoT Application Development

How IoT May Impact Your Mobile App Development

The Impact of IoT on Application Development [Infographic]

Topics:
internet of things, internet of things applications, internet of things development, iot

Published at DZone with permission of Akash Takyar . See the original article here.

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

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