Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Java 7 : The New try-with-resources Statement

DZone's Guide to

Java 7 : The New try-with-resources Statement

· Java Zone ·
Free Resource

Get the Edge with a Professional Java IDE. 30-day free trial.

From build 105, the compiler and runtime of the Java 7 Releases have support for the new form of try : try-with-resources, also called ARM (Automatic Resource Management) blocks.

This new statement makes working with streams and all kind of closeable resources easier. For example, in Java, you can have this kind of code :

private static void customBufferStreamCopy(File source, File target) {
InputStream fis = null;
OutputStream fos = null;
try {
fis = new FileInputStream(source);
fos = new FileOutputStream(target);

byte[] buf = new byte[8192];

int i;
while ((i = fis.read(buf)) != -1) {
fos.write(buf, 0, i);
}
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
close(fis);
close(fos);
}
}

private static void close(Closeable closable) {
if (closable != null) {
try {
closable.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

A little bit heavy, isn’t it ? This is only an example, here the management of exceptions is not good.

So let’s use try-with-resources statement to simplify this code, which becomes :

private static void customBufferStreamCopy(File source, File target) {
try (InputStream fis = new FileInputStream(source);
OutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(target)){

byte[] buf = new byte[8192];

int i;
while ((i = fis.read(buf)) != -1) {
fos.write(buf, 0, i);
}
}
catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}

A lot cleaner, no ? With that code, the resources are automatically closed after the try. In the try resources list, you can declare several resources, but all these resources must implement the java.lang.AutoCloseable interface.

If you want more information, about this new statement read try-with-resources specifications.

From http://www.baptiste-wicht.com/2010/08/java-7-try-with-resources-statement/

Get the Java IDE that understands code & makes developing enjoyable. Level up your code with IntelliJ IDEA. Download the free trial.

Topics:

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}