Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Java: How to Become More Productive With Hazelcast in Less Than 5 Minutes

DZone 's Guide to

Java: How to Become More Productive With Hazelcast in Less Than 5 Minutes

Manually coding Java POJOs and serialization support would take forever! Learn how to expedite the process with Hazelcast's IMDG.

· Java Zone ·
Free Resource

What if you want to use a Hazelcast In-Memory Data Grid (IMDG) to speed up your database applications but you have hundreds of tables to handle? Manually coding all Java POJOs and serialization support would entail weeks of work, and when done, maintaining that domain model by hand would soon turn into a nightmare. Read this article and learn how to save time and do it in 5 minutes.

Now, there is a graceful way to manage these sorts of requirements. The Hazelcast Auto DB Integration Tool allows connection to an existing database, which can generate all these boilerplate classes automatically. We get true POJOs, serialization support, configuration, MapStore/MapLoad, ingest and more without having to write a single line of manual code. As a bonus, we get Java Stream support for Hazelcast distributed maps.

Using the Tool

Let us try an example. As in many of my articles, I will be using the Sakila open-source example database. It can be downloaded as a file or as a Docker instance. Sakila contains 16 tables and a total of 90 columns in those tables. It also includes seven views with additional columns.

To start, we use the Hazelcast Auto DB Integration Initializer and a trial license key.

Fill in the values as shown above and press “Download” and your project is saved to your computer. Then, follow the instructions on the next page explaining how to unzip, start the tool, and get the trial license.

Next, we connect to the database:

The tool now analyses the schema metadata and then visualizes the database schema in another window:

Just press the “Generate” button and the complete Hazelcast domain model will be generated automatically within 2 or 3 seconds.

Now, we are almost ready to write our Hazelcast IMDG application. We need to create a Hazelcast IMDG to store the actual data in first.

Architecture

This is how the architecture looks like where the Application talks to the Hazelcast IMDG, which, in turn, gets its data from the underlying database:

The code generated by the tool need only be present in the Application and not in the Hazelcast IMDG.

Creating a Hazelcast IMDG

Creating a Hazelcast IMDG is easy. Add the following dependency to your pom.xml file:

<dependency>
     <groupId>com.hazelcast</groupId>
     <artifactId>hazelcast</artifactId>
     <version>3.11</version>
</dependency>


Then, copy the following class to your project:

public class Server {

    public static void main(String... args) throws InterruptedException {
        final HazelcastInstance instance = Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance();
        while (true) {
            Thread.sleep(1000);
        }
    }

}


Run this main method three times to create three Hazelcast nodes in a cluster. More recent versions of IDEA requires “Allow parallel run” to be enabled in the Run/Debug Configurations. If you only run it once, that is OK, too. The example below will still work even though we would just have one node in our cluster.

Running the main method tree times will produce something like this:

Members {size:3, ver:3} [
 Member [172.16.9.72]:5701 - d80bfa53-61d3-4581-afd5-8df36aec5bc0
 Member [172.16.9.72]:5702 - ee312d87-abe6-4ba8-9525-c4c83d6d99b7
 Member [172.16.9.72]:5703 - 71105c36-1de8-48d8-80eb-7941cc6948b4 this
]


Nice! Our three-node-cluster is up and running!

Data Ingest

Before we can run any business logic, we need to ingest data from our database into the newly created Hazelcast IMDG. Luckily, the tool does this for us too. Locate the generated class named SakilaIngest and run it with the database password, as the first command line parameter, or modify the code so it knows about the password. This is what the generated class looks like:

public final class SakilaIngest {

    public static void main(final String... argv) {
        if (argv.length == 0) { 
            System.out.println("Usage: " + SakilaIngest.class.getSimpleName() + " database_password");
         } else {
            try (Speedment app = new SakilaApplicationBuilder()
                .withPassword(argv[0]) // Get the password from the first command line parameter
                .withBundle(HazelcastBundle.class)
                .build()) {

                IngestUtil.ingest(app).join();
            }
        }
    }
}


When run, the following output is shown (shortened for brevity):

...
Completed          599 row(s) ingest of data for Hazelcast Map sakila.sakila.customer_list
Completed            2 row(s) ingest of data for Hazelcast Map sakila.sakila.sales_by_store
Completed       16,049 row(s) ingest of data for Hazelcast Map sakila.sakila.payment
Completed       16,044 row(s) ingest of data for Hazelcast Map sakila.sakila.rental
Completed          200 row(s) ingest of data for Hazelcast Map sakila.sakila.actor_info


We now have all data from the database in the Hazelcast IMDG. Nice!

Hello World

Now that our grid is live and we have ingested data, we have access to populated Hazelcast maps. Here is a program that prints all films of length greater than one hour to the console using the Map interface:

public static void main(final String... argv) {
        try (Speedment app = new SakilaApplicationBuilder()
            .withPassword("your-db-password-goes-here")
            .withBundle(HazelcastBundle.class)
            .build()) {

            HazelcastInstance hazelcast = app.getOrThrow(HazelcastInstanceComponent.class).get();

            IMap<Integer, Film> filmMap = hazelcast.getMap("sakila.sakila.film");
            filmMap.forEach((k, v) -> {
                if (v.getLength().orElse(0) > 60) {
                    System.out.println(v);
                }
            });

        }
    }


The film length is an optional variable (i.e. nullable in the database), so it gets automatically mapped to an OptionalLong.

It is possible to set this behavior to “legacy POJO” that returns null if that is desirable in the project at hand.

There is also an additional feature with the tool: We get Java Stream support! So, we could write the same functionality like this:

public static void main(final String... argv) {
    try (Speedment app = new SakilaApplicationBuilder()
        .withPassword("your-db-password-goes-here")
        .withBundle(HazelcastBundle.class)
        .build()) {

        FilmManager films = app.getOrThrow(FilmManager.class);

        films.stream()
            .filter(Film.LENGTH.greaterThan(60))
            .forEach(System.out::println);

    }


Under the Hood

The tool generates POJOs that implements Hazelcast’s “Portable” serialization support. This means that data in the grid is accessible from applications written in many languages like Java, Go, C#, JavaScript, etc.

The tool generates the following Hazelcast classes:

POJO

One for each table/view that implements the Portable interface.

Serialization Factory

One for each schema. This is needed to efficiently create Portable POJOs when de-serializing data from the IMDG in the client.

MapStore/MapLoad

One for each table/view. These classes can be used by the IMDG to load data directly from a database.

Class Definition

One for each table/view. These classes are used for configuration.

Index Utility Method

One per project. This can be used to improve the indexing of the IMDG based on the database indexing.

Config Support

One per project. Creates automatic configuration of serialization factories, class definitions, and some performance setting.

Ingest Support

One per project. Template for ingesting data from the database into the Hazelcast IMDG.

The tool also contains other features such as support for Hazelcast Cloud and Java Stream support.

A particularly appealing property is that the domain model (e.g., POJOs and serializers) does not need to be on the classpath of the servers. They only need to be on the classpath on the client side. This dramatically simplifies the setup and management of the grid. For example, if you need more nodes, add a new generic grid node, and it will join the cluster and start participating directly.

Hazelcast Cloud

Connections to Hazelcast Cloud instances can easily be configured using the application builder, as shown in this example:

Speedment hazelcastApp = new SakilaApplicationBuilder()
            .withPassword(“<db-password>")
            .withBundle(HazelcastBundle.class)
            .withComponent(HazelcastCloudConfig.class, 
                () -> HazelcastCloudConfig.create(
                            "<name of cluster>",
                            "<cluster password>",
                            "<discovery token>"
                )
            )
            .build();


Savings

I estimate that the tool saved me several hours (if not days) of boilerplate coding just for the smaller example Sakila database. In an enterprise-grade project with hundreds of tables, the tool would save a massive amount of time, both in terms of development and maintenance.

Now that you have learned how to create code for your first exemplary project and have set up all the necessary tools, I am convinced that you could generate code for any Hazelcast database project in under 5 minutes.

Resources

Sakila: https://dev.mysql.com/doc/index-other.html or https://hub.docker.com/r/restsql/mysql-sakila

Initializer: https://www.speedment.com/hazelcast-initializer/

Manual: https://speedment.github.io/speedment-doc/hazelcast.html

Topics:
java ,hazelcast ,hazelcast imdg ,pojo ,productivity ,tutorial ,in-memory data grid ,Java Pojos

Published at DZone with permission of

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}