Over a million developers have joined DZone.

jOOX and XSLT. An XML love story, continued

· Java Zone

Learn more about Kotlin, a new programming language designed to solve problems that software developers face every day brought to you in partnership with JetBrains.

The somewhat functional way of thinking involved with jOOX’s XML manipulation cries for an additional API enhancement simply supporting XSLT. XSL transformation has become quite a standard way of transforming large amounts of XML into other structures, where normal DOM manipulation (or jOOX manipulation) becomes too tedious. Let’s have a look at how things are done in standard Java

Example input:

<books>
  <book id="1"/>
  <book id="2"/>
</books>

Example XSL:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
    xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">

    <!-- Match all books and increment their IDs -->
    <xsl:template match="book">
        <book id="{@id + 1}">
            <xsl:apply-templates/>
        </book>
    </xsl:template>

    <!-- Identity-transform all the other elements and attributes -->
    <xsl:template match="@*|*">
        <xsl:copy>
            <xsl:apply-templates select="*|@*"/>
        </xsl:copy>
    </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Verboseness of XSL transformation in Java

The standard way of doing XSL transformation in Java is pretty verbose – as just about anything XML-related in standard Java. See an example of how to apply the above transformation:

Source source = new StreamSource(new File("increment.xsl"));
TransformerFactory factory = TransformerFactory.newInstance();
Transformer transformer = factory.newTransformer(source);
DOMResult result = new DOMResult();
transformer.transform(new DOMSource(document), result);

Node output = result.getNode();

Drastically decrease verbosity with jOOX

With jOOX, you can write exactly the same in much less code:

Apply transformation:
// Applies transformation to the document element:
$(document).transform("increment.xsl");

// Applies transformation to every book element:
$(document).find("book").transform("increment.xsl");

The result in both cases is:

<books>
  <book id="2"/>
  <book id="3"/>
</books>

 

From http://lukaseder.wordpress.com/2012/01/28/joox-and-xslt-an-xml-love-story-continued/

The Java Zone is brought to you in partnership with JetBrains.  Discover how powerful static code analysis and ergonomic design make development not only productive but also an enjoyable experience.

Topics:

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}