Building a Kinetis Lava LED Light Cube
A tutorial on how to build an LED cube with Adafruit boards that changes colors.
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In “openHAB RGB LED Light Cube with WS2812B and NXP Kinetis” I started experimenting Kinetis boards, a LED cube diffuser and Adafruit WS2812B NeoPixel LEDs. That worked well, but I was not too happy about the visual effects. So here is my next version: I wanted to have control over each side of the cube. For this I have built a cube inside the cube with a 3D printed structure:
Bare LED Cube
To mount the LCD boards in a cube form, I have printed a 3D structure:
3D Printed Structure with Adafruit Boards
The boards get attached to the structure:
This is how the cube looks like with 5 boards mounted:
Boards mounted on Cube
First LED Tests, with low current:
First Cube Tests
With built-in smoothing between colors:
Bare LED Cube
Video of the transition:
With this I can control each side of the cube and blend the colors nicely. With sides and parts of the sides changing slowy the colors and moving up and down the cube it gives that ‘Lava Lamp’ kind of look:
The cube structure made of PLA can get warm (around 70°C) and softens a bit if the LEDs are at full power. PLA melts around 180-220°C, but because the structure is very light it easily can affect the stabilit. I think I would definitely need some different internal structure material, both for cooling and heat resistance. Right now I’m limiting heat with controlling the average brightness.
Each LED color needs up to 20 mA, so that would be a max of 60 mA per LED (red, green and blue). With 5 times 64 LEDs that makes a maximum of 20.4A (!!!). Glad I had a 5V 40A power supply so I could even add more modules to the cube :-):
5V 40A Power Supply
Enoug power to drive more LEDs, but because of the heat I don’t want to run the LEDs full power for too long anyway.
Here are a few impressions how it looks like. But the pictures only barely can capture the real effect in the room:
I have now 5 different scenes I can control (color, speed, transition effects).
The cube supports now multi-color effects with a RGB LED cube inside. The total of 320 LEDs draw a lot of current and cooling might be a challenge if running at full brightness. In a next step I could add extra BLE beside openHAB control (see “How to Add Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Connection to ARM Cortex-M“). And of course add more colorful programs :-).
Sources of the project are available on GitHub.
Happy Cubing :-)
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