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Learning Spring-Cloud - Infrastructure and Configuration

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Learning Spring-Cloud - Infrastructure and Configuration

Play with Spring-Cloud to create a sample set of cloud ready microservices. Bring up the infrastructure components of a Cloud ready system with this tutorial.

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I got a chance to play with Spring-Cloud to create a sample set of cloud ready microservices and I am very impressed by how Spring-Cloud enables different infrastructure components and services to work together nicely.

I am used to creating microservices based on Netflix OSS based stack and typically in a Netflix stack Eureka is considered the hub using which the microservices register themselves and discover each other. In the spirit of this model, I wanted to try out a series of services which look like this:
There are 2 microservices here:

  • A sample-pong service which responds to "ping" messages
  • A sample-ping service which uses the "pong" micro-service

And there are two infrastructure components:

  • Sample-config which provides a centralized configuration for the 2 microservices
  • Eureka which is the central hub providing a way for the services to register themselves and discover other services

So to start with, here I will introduce how I went about using spring-cloud to develop the two infrastructure components and follow it up with how the microservices can be developed to use these components.
The entire project is available at my github location.

Eureka

Spring-cloud makes it very simple to bring up an instance of Eureka, all that is required is a class along the following lines:

package org.bk.eureka;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EnableEurekaServer;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaServer
public class EurekaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(EurekaApplication.class, args);
    }
}

Multiple instances of Eureka can be started up and can be configured to work together in a resilient way, here though I just want a demo standalone Eureka instance and this can be done using a configuration which looks like this, essentially starting up eureka on port 8761 and in a standalone mode by not trying to look for peers:

---
# application.yml
server:
  port: 8761

eureka:
  instance:
    hostname: localhost
  client:
    registerWithEureka: false
    fetchRegistry: false

Configuration Server

Spring-Cloud provides a centralized configuration server that microservices can use for loading up their properties. Typically microservices may want to go one of two ways:

  1. Use Eureka as a hub and find the configuration services
  2. Use Configuration services and find Eureka

I personally prefer the Eureka first approach, in this sample Configuration server registers itself with Eureka and when microservices come up they first check with Eureka, find the Configuration service and use the service to load up their properties.
The configuration server is simple to write using Spring-cloud too, the following is all the code that is required:

package org.bk.configserver;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.config.server.EnableConfigServer;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableConfigServer
@EnableEurekaClient
public class ConfigServerApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ConfigServerApplication.class, args);
    }
}

and the configuration that registers this service with Eureka:

---
# bootstrap.yml
spring:
  application:
    name: sample-config
  profiles:
    active: native

eureka:
  instance:
    nonSecurePort: ${server.port:8888}
  client:
    serviceUrl:
      defaultZone: http://${eureka.host:localhost}:${eureka.port:8761}/eureka/
---
# application.yml
spring:
  cloud:
    config:
      server:
        native:
          searchLocations: classpath:/config

server:
  port: 8888

The configuration server is being started at port 8888, and provides configuration from the classpath. In a real application, the configuration can be set to load from a central git repository, this way providing a clean way to version properties and the ability to centrally manage the properties. In this specific case, since it provides properties for two microservices, there are two sets of files in the classpath and provide appropriate properties to the calling application:

---
#sample-pong.yml
reply:
  message: Pong
---
# sample-ping.yml
send:
  message: Ping

Starting up Eureka and Configuration Server

Since both these applications are Spring-boot based, they can each be started up by running the following command:

mvn spring-boot:run

Once Eureka and Configuration server come up cleanly., Eureka provides a nice interface with details of the services registered with it, in this case the Configuration server shows up with a name of "SAMPLE-CONFIG":The config server provides properties to the calling applications through endpoints with the pattern:
/{application}/{profile}[/{label}]. So to retrieve the properties for "sample-pong" application, the following url is used internally by the application:
http://localhost:8888/sample-pong/default

and for the "sample-ping" application the properties can be derived from http://localhost:8888/sample-ping/default

This concludes the details around bringing up the Infrastructure components of a Cloud ready system.  I will follow it up with how the microservices can be developed that make use of these infrastructure components. The code behind these samples are available at my github repository.

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Topics:
java ,cloud ,spring ,microservices

Published at DZone with permission of Biju Kunjummen, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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