Over a million developers have joined DZone.

Learning to Code: Where to Start?

DZone 's Guide to

Learning to Code: Where to Start?

If you're looking to grow your career as a web developer, or just learn a new language for fun, check out this list of the top web dev languages, and what they're best used for.

· Web Dev Zone ·
Free Resource

Learning to code provides a great advantage, especially if you’re looking to improve your career prospects or building a start-up tech company. But for complete beginners, how do you know where to start? There are different types of coding languages and the first step to begin learning is to identify which one you need to learn first.

Each programming language has its own purpose. Choosing which language to master first depends on what you want to learn or what you want to do with the code.

 Here are some of the most common coding languages in web development and their uses.


C++ is an object-oriented programming language (OOP) which is considered by many as the best language for creating large-scale applications. As the superset of the C language, it is perfect for software development, operating systems, search engines, and video games. Created in the early 1980s by Bjarne Stroustrup, the language has 84 keywords and was used to build the Google search engine and Microsoft Outlook.


Python is typically used for web development, game development, desktop graphic user interfaces (GUIs), and software development. Among the websites that were made using this scripting language are Instagram, Spotify, and YouTube. Created by programmer Guido van Rossum, the Python program was named after Monty Python’s Flying Circus. It is widely regarded as the easiest of all programming languages to learn, and it has an extensive library of tools and functionalities that make building easy. Some of its cons include slower speed since it’s an interpreted language, weakness in mobile computing, and several language design issues since it gets errors that only show up at runtime.


Java is used to create applications on the computer. It is among the most desired software-building programs that’s perfect for Android and iOS apps, video games, desktop GUI, and software development. It works as a platform that continuously adds new features including Lambda capabilities and it is one of the predominant languages for building apps for Android. Proficiency in Java is among the most desired software-building skills. On the other hand, it is not the easiest to learn; it uses a lot of memories and can be slow on the startup. Java is the language used to build Gmail and Minecraft.


Created in 1995, JavaScript is commonly used as a client-side scripting language and can be written into an HTML page. Typically, when an HTML page is requested with JavaScript in it, the script is sent to the browser then the browser decides what to do with it. JavaScript works best when used for analytics, widgets, web interactivity, and front-end web development. Advantages of JavaScript include speed, simplicity, and versatility; while disadvantages of the language lie in security and its reliance on end-users. JavaScript can be used to validate form data from the client-side, display information based on the time of the day, change page content by randomly displaying content without the use of server programs, and add interactivity to a website. Some of the websites that use JavaScript are YouTube and Paypal.


PHP originally stood for “Personal Home Page,” but it is now known as PHP: HyperText Preprocessor and is a scripting language designed for web development that can also be used as a general-purpose language. Created in 1994, this scripting language is used for WordPress plugins, database-enabled pages, and a lot of web development projects. PHP is easy to pick up and use for development and general use. It has a large, active community and works well with file systems, images, and databases. The language was created by Rasmus Lerdorf and was used to build well-known websites like WordPress and Facebook.

code as craft ,web dev ,learning and development ,career growth

Published at DZone with permission of

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}