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Light Control With NodeMcu and Ubidots

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Light Control With NodeMcu and Ubidots

Leave your lights on? With IoT, it's not a problem. Ubidots' cloud and NodeMcu, as well as a light sensor, can set up an automated light switch.

· IoT Zone ·
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How many times have you accidentally left your lights turned on? That's why we figured out how to design an automatic system that can shut off (and turn on) your lights depending on the daylight.

The system works with a light sensor that will be responsible for detecting the amount and clarity of daylight. If the sensor detects daylight, the system will turn off your lights and raise the blinds. If the sensor detects that there is no light, it will turn on the light and lower the blinds. Also, using Ubidots, you can turn on or off an extra light whenever you want. 

It's very simple to make, and more importantly, it helps you save energy.


This post explains how to use the NodeMcu with Ubidots. NodeMcu is an Internet of Things (IoT) device with GPIO, PWM, IIC, 1-Wire, and ADC all in one board, and it has a Wi-Fi connection. It's easy to use — you just need the Arduino IDE to learn to program it. 



  1. First, couple the NodeMcu to its base shield and then connect the components. 

  2. Components

    Base Shield Pins





    Light Sensor



    • Yellow Wire - D8
    • Red Wire - 3.3 V
    • Black Wire - GND

    It should look like this:

    Image title

  3. Go to the Arduino IDE, click on Files --> Preferences and enter http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json into the "Additional Board Manager URLs" field. You can add multiple URLs, separating them with commas.

  4. Open "Boards Manager" from Tools --> Board menu and install the esp8266 platform. Don’t forget to select your NodeMCU 1.0 board from the menu after installation.

  5. Download the UbidotsESPMQTT library if you haven't already. Now, click on Sketch --> Include Library --> Add .ZIP Library

  6. Select the ZIP file of Ubidots ESPMQTT and then “Accept” or “Choose” for all libraries. If you can't add the library, try manually: unzip the downloaded RAR/ZIP and copy the folder from the library to the path C:\Users\ubidots\Documents\Arduino\libraries.

  7. Close the Arduino IDE and open it again.

Setting Up Ubidots

  1. Add a new Data Source called "manual" and a new Variable called "extra_light" (as seen below).
    Image title

  2. Verify that the name of the Data Source and Variable is the same as their API labels. This is important because our variable will be subscribed through the API Label, which allows communication between Ubidots and the NodeMcu. After you verified the Data Source and Variable Labels, you can edit their name with just one click.
    Image title

  3. Create the switch that allows you turn the light on or off. To do this, go to Dashboard and in the upper right of the page, click Add widget. Select Control --> Switch --> manual (data source) -->  light(variable) --> finish. 

Program the ESP NodeMcu

Once everything is connected correctly, we will go to the IDE and write the following code:

 * Include Libraries
#include "UbidotsESPMQTT.h"
#include <Servo.h>

 * Define Constants
#define TOKEN "...." // Your Ubidots TOKEN
#define WIFINAME "...." //Your SSID
#define WIFIPASS "...." // Your Wifi Pass
#define MQTTCLIENTNAME "..." // Your MQTT Client Name, it must be unique so we recommend to choose a random ASCCI name

Servo myservo;

int sensorPin = A0;
int ledPin = D5;
int relayPin = D3;

int state;
int lightState;


 * Auxiliar Functions

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
  Serial.print("Message arrived [");
  Serial.print("] ");

  for (int i=0;i<length;i++) {
   if ((char)payload[0]=='1'){
    digitalWrite(relayPin, HIGH);
   else if ((char)payload[0]=='0'){
    digitalWrite(relayPin, LOW);

 * Main Functions

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  client.wifiConnection(WIFINAME, WIFIPASS);
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(relayPin, OUTPUT);
  client.ubidotsSubscribe("manual", "extra_light"); //Insert the dataSource and Variable's Labels

void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
      client.ubidotsSubscribe("manual", "extra_light"); //Insert the dataSource and Variable's Labels

      state = analogRead(sensorPin);
      lightState = digitalRead(ledPin);

      if (state <= 50)
        digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);
        client.add("light", lightState);
        client.add("blind", 0);
        Serial.println("Night - Light ON, Blinds down.");
        digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);
        client.add("light", lightState);
        client.add("blind", 1);
        Serial.println("Day - Light OFF, Blinds up.");
  client.add("luminosity", state); //Insert your variable Labels and the value to be sent



After flashing your code, go to Ubidots and refresh the page. You will see the new Data Source "control" created.

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If you want to check the state of the blinds or light you can build your dashboard as you desire. If you don't know how, check this tutorial.

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We've just shown you how to design a light control based on the Internet of Things, which proves how seemingly complex things can be done very easily with the right tools.

nodemcu ,ubidots cloud ,iot ,tutorial ,switch

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