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How to Adopt Machine Learning

DZone's Guide to

How to Adopt Machine Learning

Learn from an ML expert how the machine learning development lifecycle looks and how any organization can build a team to solve their business problem with ML.

· AI Zone ·
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At this point, there is no doubt that any organization can take advantage of machine learning by applying machine learning to their business process. The significance of machine learning will depend on how it is applied and what kind of problem you are trying to solve with it. The results also depend on the experience of your data scientists and software engineers, along with the adoption of technology.

In this article, we will learn how the machine learning development lifecycle really looks and see how any organization can build a team to solve their business problem with machine learning. Let's get started with the following image in mind:

As you can see above, the machine learning process is a continuous process of extracting data from a variety of sources and then feeding into machine learning engines that generate the model. These models are plugged into the business process to produce results. The results from the models are fed into the process to solve business problems. These models can produce results independently as well at the edge, depending on their usage.

At this point, the critical question is to understand how a machine learning development lifecycle looks. What kind of talent is required to pull it off? What do these teams do while building and applying machine learning?

We will get the answers to above questions as we progress further. If we look at the machine learning development lifecycle image below, we will see the following paradigms:

  1. Collect data from various resources.
  2. After collecting data, making it machine learning-ready.
  3. The machine learning-ready data is feed into the "building machine learning" process where a data science team works on data to produce results.

Above you can see, the "building machine learning" process is very data science-heavy work. However, applying machine mainly involves the software engineering process. You can use the above figure to understand the technical resources needed to implement an end-to-end machine learning pipeline for your organization.

The next question involves the separation of building machine learning and applying machine learning. How are these two processes different? What are the end results of the machine learning process and how does software engineering apply?

Looking at the image below, we can see that the product of the "building machine learning" process is the model that an enterprise or business uses as the final product. This model is ready to produce results as needed.

The model can be applied to various consumer, enterprise, and industrial use cases to provide edge-level intelligence, or in process intelligence, where model results are fed into another process. Sometimes, the model is fed into another machine learning process to generate further results.

Once we understand the significance of key individuals in the end-to-end machine learning process, the next question is, what do the key individuals do in the day-to-day process? How do they really engage in the process of building machine learning? What kind of tools and technology do they adopt or create to solve organizations' business problems?

To understand the kind of work data scientists do when building machine learning, we should understand that their main focus is to use and apply as many machine learning engines as needed along with various algorithms to solve the specific problem. Sometimes, they create something brand new to solve the problem because there is nothing available, and sometimes, they just need to improve an available solution.

The above image puts together the conceptual idea of various engines and could be used by a team of data scientists to accomplish their task.

The role of software engineering is critical to the overall machine learning pipeline. They help speed up and refine the data science process to generate faster results while applying the software engineering methods of data science.

The image below explains how software engineers can expedite the work of data scientists by creating fully automated machine learning systems that perform the repetitive tasks of data scientists in a fully automated fashion. At this point, data scientists can use their time to solve newer problems and just need to keep an eye on the automated system to make sure it's working as expected.

Various organizations such as Google (CloudML) and H2O (AutoML) have created automated machine learning software that can be utilized by any organization. There are also open-source packages available, i.e. Auto-SKLearn or TPOT.

Any organization can follow the above details to adopt machine learning into their organization and generate expected results.

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Thank you — all the very best!

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Topics:
machine learning ,data science ,ai ,enterprise

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