Over a million developers have joined DZone.

Martin Fowler Defines Continuous Delivery

DZone 's Guide to

Martin Fowler Defines Continuous Delivery

· DevOps Zone ·
Free Resource

Continuous Delivery is a software development discipline where you build software in such a way that the software can be released to production at any time.

You’re doing continuous delivery when: [1]

  • Your software is deployable throughout its lifecycle
  • Your team prioritizes keeping the software deployable over working on new features
  • Anybody can get fast, automated feedback on the production readiness of their systems any time somebody makes a change to them
  • You can perform push-button deployments of any version of the software to any environment on demand

You achieve continuous delivery by continuously integrating the software done by the development team, building executables, and running automated tests on those executables to detect problems. Furthermore you push the executables into increasingly production-like environments to ensure the software will work in production. To do this you use aDeploymentPipeline.

The key test is that a business sponsor could request that the current development version of the software can be deployed into production at a moment's notice - and nobody would bat an eyelid, let alone panic.

To achieve continuous delivery you need:

  • a close, collaborative working relationship between everyone involved in delivery (often referred to as a "DevOps culture" [2]).
  • extensive automation of all possible parts of the delivery process, usually using a DeploymentPipeline

Continuous Delivery is sometimes confused with Continuous Deployment.Continuous Deployment means that every change goes through the pipeline and automatically gets put into production, resulting in many production deployments every day. Continuous Delivery just means that you are able to do frequent deployments but may choose not to do it, usually due to businesses preferring a slower rate of deployment. In order to do Continuous Deployment you must be doing Continuous Delivery.

Continuous Integration usually refers to integrating, building, and testing code within the development environment. Continuous Delivery builds on this, dealing the the final stages required for production deployment.

For more information see the resources on my guide page, in particular the book.


Jez Humble provided detailed help with this page.

1: These indicators were developed by the Continuous Delivery working group at ThoughtWorks

2: Despite the name "devops" this should extend beyond developers and operations to include testers, database teams, and anyone else needed to get software into production.


Published at DZone with permission of

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}