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Migrating to Selenium? Know Your Costs, Challenges, and Options

There are pros and cons to each and every test automation software. Continue reading to learn what they are for Selenium.

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Migrating to SeleniumEnterprises are getting digitally powered and are responsible for ensuring digital empowerment for customers and users. Insights from Gartner’s CIO Agenda (2016) survey data suggests that digitalization is growing. Private sector CIOs expect that in the next five years digital revenues will grow from 16% to 37%, while the public sector expects a rise from 42% to 77% in digital processes.

In this pressing scenario, it is imperative to make your web applications robust and ensure desired functionality as well as GUI (Graphical User Interface). This will further guarantee the application’s performance in all possible scenarios.

Test automation has been enabling enterprises to accelerate the testing process and attain maximum test coverage. Enterprises are increasingly automating their test efforts for code reusability, maximum test coverage, low maintenance cost, least manual intervention, and ease of reporting.

In practice, test automation can be compared to an instruction manual of a console-based game. If installed meticulously with proper instructions, it will prove to be an engaging interface between the user and the machine. It is a constructive blend of various guidelines, coding standards, concepts, processes, and reporting mechanisms to execute effective automation testing.

Today, teams are increasingly moving towards licensed and open source frameworks instead of considering a build your own framework approach.

With a clear view to cut costs and bring efficiency, companies are increasingly inclining towards open source automated testing tools rather than investing in commercial and licensed testing tools that imply increased costs. Open source testing instruments are loaded with significant features that enable swift automation testing of web portals and software applications.

Why Selenium? Gauging the Value

That said, Selenium is getting popular as an automated testing tool for testing Websites, specifically for their functionality and GUI. There are some top significant reasons why enterprises prefer to use Selenium for Test Automation.

  • Capability to operate on almost every Operating System (OS)
  • Being an open source testing tool, it is cost-effective for automation testing
  • Supports multiple languages (Python, Pearl, Ruby, PHP, .NET, and Java)
  • Language used for developing the program need not be the same as the language used for the web application or website
  • Supports multiple browsers (Opera, Safari, Chrome, IE 6, 7, 8, and Mozilla Firefox)
  • Has an active developer community for active training with reduced costs
  • Capability to execute parallel tests by using various browsers across various devices, which helps cut down the test execution for big projects (when in progress)
  • With Selenium Integrated Development Environment, it's easy to quickly create simple tests
  • Being cohesive, it provides an easy to use interface for developing automated tests as against any other testing tool
  • Provides components, which can be selected on the basis of complexity of the Web page
  • Provides scalability and sustainability in the long term

Migrating to Selenium? Know the Challenges

Thanks to the freeware, enterprises are moving towards Open Source Test Automation tools, instead of investing in expensive commercial testing tools, like HP QTP, UFT, or TestComplete. Selenium Web Driver is by far the top choice for automation of browser-based applications, supports execution multiple browsers, and integrate with tools for Continuous Integration.

If you are considering migration to an Open Source tool like Selenium for Test automation, you need to re-develop the scripts in Selenium from ground zero. In the present scenario, test automation scripts developed using licensed tools cannot be directly converted to Selenium.

A strong testing partner with decades of expertise can help strategize the migration and automate the process to convert recorded QTP scripts to Selenium scripts by reducing the costs and time.

Automating your Selenium Migration process with an effective Selenium Migration Tool can help surge the conversion rate to almost 70%. By implementing automation, all the functional libraries, reusable scripts, and various calls can be converted quickly. This helps organizations to evade recurring licensing costs, upgrade costs and soaring service costs.

Know Your Options

While the market is flooded with commercial and licensed test automation frameworks, open source frameworks are getting popular thanks to the cost-effectiveness and customization that they offer.

There is an array of open source frameworks in the market, including Serenity, Robot Framework, RedwoodHQ, Sahi, Galen Framework, and Gauge.

Referring to the marketplace, vendors are increasingly stepping up and integrating with Selenium for enhanced functionalities that enable you to accelerate your testing efforts.


Gartner’s latest report on test automation tools (Magic Quadrant) does not mention Selenium, as the report focuses on tools that Gartner states “key areas.” Nonetheless, the industry has validated that open innovation is here to enable enterprises, as they would be able to select the best and effective tools for every varying project with varying requirements.

Selenium is being implemented by popular online enterprises like Google and Facebook for testing their web interfaces. While it delivers an effective mechanism to generate test scripts, ensures functionality and brings reusability for the test scripts, Selenium Automation requires substantial technical expertise and support of third party tools to get completely functional. Moreover, with its ease of implementation at the GUI level, testers can fall into the trap of overusing the Framework for testing lower layers in the software stack.

The DevOps zone is brought to you in partnership with Sonatype Nexus. Use the Nexus Suite to automate your software supply chain and ensure you're using the highest quality open source components at every step of the development lifecycle. Get Nexus today

devops,test automation,selenium,gartner

Published at DZone with permission of Subhendu Pattnaik, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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